terms for final quiz 6 cardio

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denali1316
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terms for final quiz 6 cardio
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2011-12-12 01:16:56
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terms for final quiz 6 cardio
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  1. aorta
    largest artery in the body
  2. atria
    upper chambers of the heart
  3. capillary
    smallest blood vessel
  4. myocardium
    muscular mid-layer of the heart
  5. vena cava
    largest vein in the body
  6. ventricles
    lower chambers of the heart
  7. septum
    partition that divides the chambers of the heart
  8. diastole
    relaxation phase of the heartbeat
  9. mitral valve
    valve with three cusps
  10. pulmonary artery
    vessel that carries oxygen poor blood to the lungs
  11. murmur
    sound heard when valves don't close properly
  12. coronary artery
    vessel that supplies blood to the heart muscle
  13. arrthymia
    abnormal heart rhythm
  14. bradycardia
    slow heart rate, less than 60 beats per minute
  15. hypertension
    high blood pressure
  16. aneurysm
    widening of an artery
  17. pericarditis
    inflammation of the membrane surrounding the heart
  18. patent
    to be open
  19. occulsion
    closure of a vessel due to a blockage
  20. angina pectoris
    chest pain related to myocardial ischemia
  21. infarction
    area of dead tissue
  22. atherosclorosis
    collection of yellow plague in an artery
  23. ausculation
    listening to sounds within the body
  24. hypoxia
    inadequate oxygen in tissues
  25. endartectomy
    removal of plague from the inner lining of an artery
  26. varicose veins
    abnormally swollen, twisted veins
  27. electrocardiography(ECG)
    recording the electrical activity of the heart
  28. Doppler ultrasound
    use of sound waves to measure blood flow
  29. echocardiography
    use of echos to produce images of the heart
  30. thrombolytic therapy
    drugs used to dissolve clots
  31. valvuloplasty
    repair of a valve
  32. venipuncture
    opening a vein to remove blood
  33. cardiomegaly
    enlarged heart
  34. thrombophlebitis
    inflammation of a vein due to a blood clot
  35. claudication
    pain in the leg(s) upon walking, absent with rest
  36. lipid panel
    measurement of fats in blood
  37. embolus
    traveling blood clot
  38. arteriography
    x-ray imaging of arteries
  39. hypercholestroemia
    increased level of cholestrol in blood
  40. sinoatrial node
    "pacemaker" of the heart
  41. petechiae
    multiple pinpoint hemorrhages
  42. rheumatic heart disease
    damaged heart valves secondary to strep infection
  43. arteriosclerosis
    intense contriction and vasospasm of arterioles
  44. cyanosis
    bluish discoloration of the skin
  45. arteriosclerosis
    hardening of the arteries
  46. CABG
    coronary artery bypass grafting
  47. DVT
    deep vein thrombosis
  48. CAD
    coronary artery disease
  49. MI
    myocardial infarction
  50. BP
    blood pressure

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