PhyPsy Test_4 c15- Neurological Disorders.txt

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dmk5154
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PhyPsy Test_4 c15- Neurological Disorders.txt
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2011-12-09 22:21:22
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psu physiological psychology
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Chapter 15, neurological disorders - Test 4
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  1. A tumor formed from the meninges is a(n):
    meningioma
  2. Damaged in Alzheimer's disease; as the major source of ACh in the brain, this leads to a decrease in learning and mental capacity
    Nucleus Basalis
  3. A buildup of phenylalanine in one's system can interfere with _____________ of neurons in the CNS
    Myelination
  4. A cerebrovascular accident is also known as a(n):
    stroke
  5. The immediate cause of neuronal death after a stroke is the presence of too much ...
    glutamate
  6. Gran mal seizures are said to be...
    Tonicclonic
  7. A ___________ seizure has a focus area in the brain
    partial
  8. Sudden and excessive activity of cerebral neurons
    seizure
  9. Korsakoff's syndrome results from a deficiency of...
    Thiamine
  10. Generalized, brief seizures are called...
    spells of absense
  11. there are many causes of _________, which is an infection of the entire brain.
    encephalitis
  12. Bovine _______________ encephalopathy
    spongiform
  13. A _________ seizure involves most of the brain
    generalized
  14. A malignant tumor _____________ the cells around it
    infiltrates
  15. Mass of cells with uncontrolled growth
    tumor
  16. Interferes with adhesion protein and disrupts fetal development
    alcohol
  17. Excessive amount of glutamate released during seizures likely damage the ....
    hippocampus
  18. _______________ tangles are seen in the brains of AD patients.
    neurofibrillary
  19. If seizures involve motoneurons, __________ can occur.
    convulsions
  20. The neuropathology of AD involves amyloid ______________
    plaques
  21. The inability to metabolize galactose
    Galactosemia
  22. When a tumor sheds cells that can speed the growth of new tumors, we say that tumor has......
    metastasized
  23. Caused by an extra 21s chromosome; leads to mental retardation, physical abnormalities, and motor impairment
    Down Syndrome
  24. A condition in which an individual lacks a specific enzyme necessary to process a particular amino acid found in most foods
    PKU (Phenylketonuria)
  25. The major difference between a benign and a malignant tumor is whether or not it is...
    encapsulated
  26. In Tay-Sachs disease, an accumulation of _______ in the nervous system leads to severe brain swelling and the build-up of celluar waste products
    lipids
  27. Seizures can be treated with...
    anti-convulsants
  28. Among ____________ patients, 75% have evidence of brain damage.
    AIDS
  29. a bite from an infected animal can travel through the peripheral nerves to the CNS and salivary glands, causing...
    Rabies
  30. the _______ virus, more often recognized as an STI, can invade the brain
    herpes
  31. The ________ exam is used as an early diagnostic for AD
    Mini Mental State
  32. Tumors can _________ brain tissue.
    compress
  33. Infections protein particles that cause healthy proteins around it to fold
    prions
  34. According to Carlson (2010), the most serious of brain tumor is a(n)....
    Glioma
  35. masses of cells with uncontrolled growth and no known function.....
    tumor
  36. Clear border between tumor and the brain
    Benign
  37. A tumor with no borders; it infiltrates surrounding cells
    Malignant
  38. seeding the growth of new tumors
    metastasize
  39. A tumor that arises from the glial cells
    Glioma (most serious tumor type)
  40. tumor in the meningies=
    meningioma (90& are benign)
  41. focused seizure in the brain
    partial
  42. unrestricted seizure in the brain
    generalized (petit mal & grand mal)
  43. Spell of absense =
    petit mal (breif)
  44. Tonic & clonic =
    Grand mal seizures
  45. (grand mal) muscle contractions
    Tonic
  46. (grand mal) agitated tremors, eyes, grimacing etc.
    Clonic
  47. people with seizures may show damage to the _______ (excessive glutamate)
    hippocampus
  48. Transsection of the corpus callosum = treatment for...
    seizures
  49. _____ stroke: bleeding in the brain
    hemorrhagic
  50. obstructive strokes - __________ = obstruction of a blood vessel by a blood clot forming locally
    Thrombosis
  51. obstructive strokes - __________ = pieces of clot that block blood flow
    Embolus
  52. _____= loss of skilled movement, a deficit of seizures
    apraxia
  53. a protein involved in the breakdown of bloodclots (Tx for stroke)
    tPA, (Tissue plasminogen activator)
  54. inherited metabolic disorder where the body lacks the enzyme needed to convert phenalanine into tyrosine. without treatment, it disrupts myelination and can lead to retardation
    PKU (Phenylketonuria)
  55. metabolic disorder: fat accumulates in the nervous system = swelling of brain & early death
    Tay-Sachs disease
  56. metabolic disorder: Sugars build up and damage the brain, eyes, avaries, etc
    Galactosemia
  57. a misfolded protein involved in mad cow disease
    prion
  58. ______= mad cow disease; abnormal proteins create holes in the brain
    Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSE)
  59. ________ = human mad cow disease, includes dementia and organ failure
    Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD)
  60. basal ganglia degenerative disorders:
    Huntington's / Parkinson's disease
  61. hippocampus degenerative disease
    Alzheimer's disease
  62. group of neurons rich in Acetylcholine; it is degenerated in diseases such as Alzheimer's
    Nucleus Basalis
  63. This cortex is a hub for memory association in the hippocampus; degenerates in Alzheimer's
    Entorhinal Cortex (EC)

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