Med Term Final Pt.4

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Med Term Final Pt.4
2011-12-10 00:39:18
med term final

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  1. plasma cell
    • lymphoid cell secrete antibody
    • originate from B lymphocytes
  2. type A blood
    • contain A antigen
    • anti-B antibody
  3. type B blood
    • contain B antigen
    • anti-A antibody
  4. type AB blood
    • contain A & B antigens
    • no anti-A or B antibodies
    • universal recipient
  5. type O blood
    • no A or B antigens
    • goth anti A & B antibodies
    • universal donor
  6. anemia
    • deficieciency in erthyroctyes or hemoglobin
    • most common iron deficiency anemia
  7. aplastic anemia
    failure of blood cell production due to aplasia of bone marrow cells
  8. hemolytic anemia
    reduction in red cells due to excessive destruction
  9. pernicious anemia
    lac of mature erythrocityes caused by inability to absorb vit-B12
  10. sickle cell anemia
    hereditary cond abnormal sickle shape of erythrocytes & hemolysis
  11. thalassemia
    inherited defect ability to produce hemoglobi, Mediterranean bckground
  12. polycythemia vera
    general increase in RBC
  13. hematrocrit
    seperation of blood, % of RBC in given vol of blood
  14. hemoglobin
    blood protein
  15. blood is composed of
    • cells, suspended in plasma
    • erythrocytes
    • leukocytes
    • platelets
    • thrombocytes
  16. plasma
    liquid portion of blood
  17. serum
    • plasma minus clotting proteins and cells
    • fluid that separates from blood when clot
    • formed plasma, does not contain coagulation factors
  18. RBC morphology
    biconcave disk; depressed or hollow surface on each side of cell (cough drop w/ thin central portion)
  19. function of lymph system
    • drainage sys to transport proteins and fluid back to bloodstream via veins
    • lymphatic vessels in intestines absorb lipids from sm intestine & transport to bloodstream
    • immune system
  20. lymphadenopathy
    disease of lymph nodes
  21. acquired immunity
    formation of antibodiies & lymphocytes after exposure to an antigen
  22. cell-mediated immunity
    immune response involving T lymphocytes; antigens destroyed by direct action of cells, as opposed by antibodies
  23. humoral immunity
    • response in B cells recognize antigen and stimulate antibody
    • T4 cell, CD4 cell
  24. natural immnuity
    own genetic to fight disease