CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE

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Author:
sojialiu
ID:
122386
Filename:
CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE
Updated:
2011-12-11 16:16:05
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CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE
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CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE
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  1. When plaque builds up in the arteries, the condition is called ---------
    atherosclerosis.
  2. --------- is the most definitive diagnosis that clearly shows the presence of plague in the vessels
    Cardiac catheterization
  3. This is a wire mesh tube used to prop open an artery that's
    recently been cleared using angioplasty.
    Vascular Stent
  4. using another artery grafted from another part of the body
    and make detour around the blockage.
    Coronary Artery Bypass
  5. Explain to patient that he may experience side effects such as hallucinations i.e. hearing voices or seeing strange object that are not there. This is due to-----
    post perfusion psychosis
  6. Chest pain resulting from myocardial ischemia caused by inadequate blood and oxygen supply to the wall of the heart.
    ANGINA (angina pectoris)
  7. The chest pain occurs with activities that involve
    exertion or emotional stress and is relieved
    with rest or nitro­glycerin
    • Stable angina (exertional
    • angina)
  8. )- the chest pain occurs unexpectedly it does not follow physical
    exertion or emotional stress.
    • Unstable angina(pre-infarction
    • angina)-
  9. It usually occurs spontaneously, and unlike
    typical angina, it nearly always occurs when a person is at rest.
    • Variant angina (Prinzmetal's
    • or vasospastic angina)
  10. A chronic,
    incapacitating angina that is
    unresponsive to interventions
    Intractable angina:
  11. -------(called a
    heart attack) is the death of a portion of heart muscle in an area where there
    is sudden loss of blood supply.
    Myocardial infarction
  12. this is a
    combination of pericardits, periocardial effusion and pleural effusion
    Dresslers syndrome
  13. a.
    Place the client in ------- position to
    enhance comfort and tissue oxygenation
    semi-Fowler's
  14. ----------, is a condition in which the
    heart can't pump enough blood to the body.
    heart failure
  15. -----The heart is unable to pump blood out of right ventricle into the lungs. Thereby leading to accumulation of blood in the heart.
    Right-sided heart failure
  16. -----------will lead to back flow of blood into the lungs and
    poor ejection of blood into the system
    left sided heart failure
  17. -----is congestion of the lung with fluid.
    Pulmonary edema
  18. dyspnea will be more
    pronounce in the night called --------
    paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea.
  19. Place the client in
    -------- with the legs in a
    ------- to reduce pulmonary congestion
    hence reduce edema, cough and difficulty
    in breathing
    high Fowler's position, dependent position

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