Survey of Disease

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Author:
kstowe1
ID:
122420
Filename:
Survey of Disease
Updated:
2011-12-10 11:34:39
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nervous musculoskeletal systems
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survey of disease
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  1. Which disease involves infection of the brain with symptoms of fever, pain in the head and neck with confusion and decreased mental alertness?
    Encephalitis
  2. Which pediatric brain tumor is well differentiated but can cause seizures?
    Supratentorial astrocytoma
  3. Which type of cerebral palsy is an impairment of the power of voluntary movement, poor control of proximal movement alternating with repetitive, involuntary, slow writhing movements?
    Dyskinetic
  4. Which type of migraine is associated with dizziness and vertigo?
    Vestibular Migraine
  5. Which of the following is rare but results in excruciating pain localized to 1 eye and frontotemporal region due to vasodilation of ophthalmic and internal carotid arteries stimulating the trigeminal complex with an increase in serotonin and histamine affecting the sympathetic and parasympathetic pathway?
    Cluster Headache
  6. What is the acronym for the warning signs of a stroke?
    FAST
  7. Which sign can detect meningitis?
    Kernig’s
  8. Which of the following traumatic spinal cord injuries is a loss of central grey and white matter but the glial tissue and spinal cord surface remain intact?
    Contusion
  9. Wallerian degeneration is ______________________
    Axonal degeneration distal to the injury
  10. Anaplastic astrocytoma is what type of primary brain tumor?
    Malignant Glioma
  11. What disease causes inflammation of the dura mater, arachnoid, and pia mater while the mental status remains normal?
    Meningitis
  12. Which type of meningitis does not have a vaccine available?
    Aseptic (viral) meningitis
  13. What type of brain tumors are slow growing and benign that orginate from Schwann cells?
    Neuroma
  14. What are clinical manifestations of brain tumors?
    • Headaches: retro-orbital, wrose in AM better later in the day
    • 6th cranial nerve - diplopia (blurriness)
    • Seizures
  15. What pediatric brain tumor is anaplastic and has a poor prognosis?
    Brainstem glioma
  16. Which type of pediatric tumor is the most common malignant?
    Medulloblastoma
  17. What progressive motor neuron disease the degenerates and scars the spinal cord, brainstem, and cerebral cortex increases the patient's risk for pneumonia?
    ALS
  18. What disease is the decling in intellectual function severe enough to interfere with a person's relationships and ability to carry out ADLs?
    Dementia
  19. What disesae involves plagues, which are beta amyloid clumps together blocking cell to cell signaling thus activating immune system, and tangles, which are tau collapses into twisted strands inactivating transport system and nutrients no longer move through the cell?
    Alzheimer's diease
  20. What disease is a progressive hereditary (autosomal dominant) disorder of the CNS charcaterized by abnormalities of movement, personality disturbances, and dementia with no known cure?
    Huntington's disease
  21. What disease involves T cells mediated inflammatory response that causes demylination and axon loss?
    Multiple sclerosis
  22. What disease has no known cause or cure?
    Multiple Sclerosis
  23. What disease is atrophy of the brain leading to degernation of neuron in the basal ganglia?
    Parkinsonism
  24. What disease is a chronic progressive that involves motor component of the CNS and is characterized by the loss of midbrain dopamine neurons, creaes norepinephrine, and Ley body inclusions?
  25. What type of stroke involves valve disease and a-fib?
    Embolic
  26. What type of stroke involves artherosclerosis?
    Thrombotic

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