AP Euro French Rev.

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AP Euro French Rev.
2011-12-10 17:16:24
French Rev

Reflecting the stages of the French Rev.
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  1. What are the Old Regime 3 Estates & their divisions?
    • 1.Clergy
    • 2.Nobility
    • Blood Nobility
    • Nobility that have worked their way to wealth
    • 3.Commoners
    • Peasants: large part of population
    • Sans-culottes: city workers
    • Bourgeoisie: middle class
  2. What were the issues the peasants had with the Old Regime?
    They wanted no more dues
  3. What were the issues the sans-culottes had with the Old Regime?
    Their low wages & the high prices of food
  4. What were the issues the bourgeoisie had with the Old Regime?
    They wanted political & liberal equality
  5. What were the Old Regime long term causes of the revolution?
    • The 3 estates
    • The American Revolution bringing ideas
    • The economic issues & bad harvests
    • The noble Parlement obstruction
    • The huge national debt
  6. What were the immediate causes of the revolution?
    • The Estates General turing to the National Assembly
    • The sans-culottes taking over the Bastille
    • The peasants & their great fear
  7. Moderate:
    When did the revolution begin and why?
    The summer of 1789 because of the Estates General turning to the National Assembly
  8. Moderate:
    Who wanted the National Assembly the most & why?
    The bourgeoisie beacause they wanted a chance to finally have a say
  9. Moderate:
    What were the ideas of the National Assembly?
    Enlightenment ideas & rights
  10. Moderate:
    What were the voting issues?
    • Vote by order: clergy, nobility, & the king
    • This is what the higher class wants so they can control & what the king chooses to keep them on his side

    • Vote by head: peasants
    • This is what they want because then they would be able to dominate the votes
  11. Moderate:
    What was the National Assembly viewed as?
    A way for EVERYONE to join
  12. Moderate:
    What is Abbe Sieyes?
    The 3rd estate is everything but they are viwed as nothing & want to be something
  13. Moderate:
    What was the "oath of the tennis court" why did it occur?
    The third estate gathered & said "we will not disband until we have made a constitution!" because the king had locked them out of the palace
  14. Moderate:
    What was the king's reaction to the "oath of the tennis court" & how does this affect the revolutionaries?
    He threatens to bring in troops: therefor the revolutioners need supplies
  15. Moderate:
    Who took over the Bastille & why?
    The sans-culottes because it had gunpowder & weapons
  16. Moderate:
    What did the taking over of the Bastille make the king realize?
    • The National Assembly was getting stronger & had a national guard (new militia of Paris)
    • The people want constitutional rights
  17. Moderate:
    What did the taking over the Bastille do to royal authoriuty?
    • It made a crack in the royal system:
    • 1. The king can't do whatever he wants
    • 2. The people now trust the national guard
  18. Moderate:
    What was the peasants "great fear", who did they rebel against & why?
    • Bread prices, wages, dues, & noble oppression
    • Rebel against lords, taxes, & medieval ways but NOT the king
    • Because they hear of the Paris events & hear that nobles are going to bring in troops
  19. Moderate:
    What were the changes the National Assembly made?
    • Aug 4th: Abolish noble & clergy privelage
    • Aug 26th: Sign the Declaration of the rights of man & citizen
  20. Moderate:
    What is the significance of Louis XVI getting hauled to Paris by the angry mob of women?
    He is now in Paris (the heart of the moderate revolution) & is vulnerable
  21. Moderate:
    What hapened to the church's land?
    They lost their land & the value was turned into paper $: assignats
  22. Modertae:
    What did the church now have to do?
    They were now paid by the state & had to take an oath to the state
  23. Moderate:
    What was the new division in the church?
    • Juring: took the oath
    • Nonjuring: refused to take the oath
  24. Moderate:
    What is the pope's reaction to the changes in the church?
    He is mad & only wants to answer to God
  25. Moderate:
    What are the effects of the church changes?
    • The secularization & division make things more radical
    • The peasants are devoted to their faith & begin to think things have gone too far
  26. Moderate:
    What did the National Assembly set up in 1791?
    A constitutional monarchy
  27. Moderate:
    What were the stipulations to the constitutional monarchy?
    • The power was in the National Assembly
    • Nobility had NO power
    • There were now passive & active citizens: the active hold office but must have $
  28. Moderate:
    Who has the majority of the power during this revolution?
    The bourgeoisie
  29. Radicalization:
    Who were the left wings & what did they want?
    • Sans-culottes
    • Jacobins
    • -They wanted to push further
  30. Radicalization:
    Who were the right wings & what did they want?
    • Peasants
    • Some bourgeosie
    • Some nobility: the sword
    • Some church members: nonjuring
  31. Radicalization:
    What does Louis XVI try to do & what are the effects?
    • He tries to run away (but fails)
    • He is seen as an anti-revolutionary & the people are paranoid
  32. Radicalization:
    What is the reaction in Europe?
    They are afraid there will be more revolutions now
  33. Radicalization:
    What is the declaration of Pilnetz & who enforces it?
    • It states that the king must still be in power & the citizens need to behave themselves
    • Austria & Prussia enforces it
  34. Radicalization:
    Who does France go to war against? Why?
    Prussia & Austria to ensure the revolution keeps going
  35. Radicalization:
    What are the effects of this war against Austria & Prussia?
    • France does not do well
    • More violence
    • More radical
  36. Radical:
    What is the situation of 1792?
    • Marrit & Danton seek revenge over counter-revolutionaries (rash judgements & beheaded)
    • Sans-culottes go after Persians
  37. Radical:
    The change from the National Assembly to the National convention: What is the split?
    Girondon: provential moderates who want to keep the king, have a constitutional monarchy, & want slow changes

    Mountain: ran by Robespierre, sans-culottes want the end of the king & monarchy & want a republic
  38. Radical:
    Who was causing foreign pressures? What did this cause?
    • Austria, Prussia, Spain, Portugal, Britain, & the Dutch were ready to invade by the summer of 1793
    • Caused people to become even more paranoid
  39. Radical:
    Who does the National Convention give power to?
    • The Committe of Public Safety
    • Robespierre was the leader
    • Made up of 12 men
    • Keep discipline & organization
  40. Radical:
    What does the Committee of Public Safety do & what is it motivated by?
    • Make a draft
    • Motivated by modern nationalism
    • New flag & new anthem
  41. Radical:
    What was "the peoples"?
    • Governement
    • Army "a nation to arms"
    • War
  42. Radical:
    What did this nationalism cause?
    • Unification
    • Push for a successful revolution
  43. Radical:
    What was the Reign of Terror?
    • An attempt to deal with the domestic issues:
    • Execution of 50,000
    • Harsh military
    • Fast or no court
  44. Radical:
    Who was victimized during the Reign of Terror & what was the effect?
    • Anyone against the revolution
    • People were scared into unification
  45. Radical:
    What was used to try to justify the Reign of Terror?
    "Whatever is outside (the people's) sovereign will is an enemy"- The general will of the people (Rousseau)
  46. Radical:
    What is the Republic of Virtue?
    • An attempt to create a new France
    • Representatives were sent to impliment laws, enforce natural laws, & explain the war
  47. Radical:
    What were the Women's demands?
    • They wanted men to listen to them
    • They demanded practical needs
  48. Radical:
    What happened with the church?
    • De-Christianizing:
    • Saints were removed from street signs
    • Churches were raided & closed by the army
    • Notre Dam changed to the "temple of reason"
  49. Radical:
    What happened to the Calender?
    • 1792 would become year 1
    • There would be 3 10 day weeks
    • 1 day of rest & no sundays
    • No religious holidays, just revolutionary festivals
    • Months evoked the seasons & temperature
  50. Radical:
    What did the change of the calender cause?
    More counter-revolutionaries because the catholic people are beginning to think it has gone too far
  51. Radical:
    How does this phase end?
    July 14th- Robespierre is excuted
  52. Radical:
    Who had the control during this part of the revolution?
    The sans-culottes
  53. Thermidorean:
    What is The Directory & why was it made?
    • A 5 man, 2 house system with the ideas of
    • Laizze Faire
    • Protection
    • Re-opening the church
    • Shut down Jacobins
    • Get rid of the Public of Safety
    • -It was made becuase the people of France craved stability
  54. Thermidorean:
    Who was against the Directory?
    • Jacobins
    • Royalists
    • City workers
  55. Thermidorean:
    Who protected The Directory when the city workers attacked?
    Napolean with his cannons with amo made from nuts, screws, rocks, & gravel
  56. Thermidorean:
    Who seizes The Directory & is France okay with that?
    • Napolean
    • Yes, they are okay with it
  57. Thermidorean:
    Who had the most power during this phase?
    The bourgeoisies
  58. Rise of Naploean:
    What is his self-image?
    He is talented & has made himself by his own effort
  59. Rise of Napolean:
    What does he believe in?
    • His own destiny
    • No class limits
    • Talent & ability
  60. Rise of Napolean:
    What is his mind like?
    • A chest of drawers
    • Organized
    • Quick & decisive
  61. Rise of Naploean:
    How did his military career help him gain power?
    He moved up in ranks fast & was viewed as a hero
  62. Rise of Napolean:
    Who surrenders to him?
  63. Rise of Napolean:
    What does he control?
    The Directory
  64. Rise of Napolean:
    What does he do with this control over The Directory?
    • Names himself "1st Consul"-Council for life
    • Has direct vote by the people
  65. Rise of Napolean:
    What does he do to become emporer? What is the significance?
    • He crowns himself
    • It means he is above everyone else & is a self-made man
  66. Napoleanic France:
    What does he do with religion?
    • Religious tolerance
    • Concordot- pope appoints the bishops but the state gets to pick the nominees, they are paid by the state, & can return to having ceremonies
  67. Napoleanic France:
    What is the significance behind the concordot deal he made with the church?
    • The pope has to recongnizw the revolutionary changes
    • The land previously taken from the church will stay where it is
  68. Napoleanic France:
    What does he do legally?
    • Makes civil codes (napoleanic codes)
    • Equal before the law
    • Choose your own job
    • Abolish sefrdom & feudalism
    • Property rights protected
    • Women are unequal
  69. Napoleanic France:
    What is his bureaucratic systems purpose & what is it?
    • Used to centralize
    • It is districted out but he it is not self governing
    • He appoints the prefects who supervise all government activities
    • Tax collection has no exemptions
  70. Napoleanic France:
    What is his new aristocratic system like?
    It is made up of 60% bourgeoisie & is based on skill
  71. Coalitions:
    Why were these made against France?
    The other countries were worried about his confidence & they wanted to balance of power & they don't trust him
  72. Coalitions:
    Who is the 1st coalition made of & who wins?
    • Britain, Austria, Prussia, Russia, & Sometimes the Netherlands
    • Napolean wins
  73. Coalitions:
    Who was the 2nd coalition made of & who wins what?
    • France vs. Russia, Britain, & Austria
    • Russia is beat, Austria surrenders
    • This extends the borders of France
  74. Coalitions:
    Who is the 3rd coalition & who wins? What does this mean?
    • France vs. Britain, Austria, Prussia, & sometimes Russia
    • Napolean wins more than loses
    • Wins huge geographically!
  75. Coalitions:
    What was the Tilsit meeting & who did this worry & why?
    • It was a meeting between Russia & France
    • Worried Prussia beacause they could determine it's fate
  76. Napolean's Grand Empire:
    What were its 3 layers?
    • French Empire (his direct conquest)
    • Dependent States (Spain, Netherlands, Switzerland, Italy)
    • Allied States (Prussia, Russia, Austria)
    • -The allied states were all deafeated by Napolean
  77. Napolean's Grand Empire:
    What is he anti?
    Fuedalism, monarlism, & he issues the state church
  78. Napolean's Grand Empire:
    What were his economic & trade ieas?
    • Laizze Faire
    • EXCEPT Britain
  79. Napolean's Grand Empire:
    What were his civil ideas?
    Political equality for all
  80. Napolean's Grand Empire:
    Why would people collaborate with him?
    They like what he is doing or want something (like civil rights) from it
  81. Napolean's Grand Empire:
    Why would people go against him?
    • The spread of nationalism
    • They didn't want to be ruled by a foreigner
  82. Napolean's Grand Empire:
    What do people begin to think he is trying to do?
    They think he is trying to dominate
  83. Napolean's Grand Empire:
    What was the Continental system?
    Napolean trying to embargo trade to Britain
  84. Napolean's Grand Empire:
    What is Britain's reaction to the Continental system?
    They decide they will just trade somewhere else
  85. Napolean's Grand Empire:
    What is Russia's reaction to the Continental system? What does Napolean think of this?
    • They hate it & they leave the alliance with France
    • Napolean is afraid of others leaving
  86. The Decline of Napolean:
    What does he do about Russia leaving & how does Russia react?
    • He gather's his men & enters Russia
    • Russia retreats & sets their villages on fire to prevent Napolean from entering
  87. The Decline of Naploean:
    What happened in Leipzig "Battle of Nations"?
    • Napolean loses
    • Louis 18 replaces him as king
    • Napolean is sent to the island of Elba off the island of Tuscany
  88. The Decline of Napolean:
    What happens when he returns back to France & who does this worry?
    • The troops take Napolean's side
    • This worries other countries
  89. The Decline of Napolean:
    What happens in Waterloo?
    Britain & Prussia defeat Napolean & he is exiled to the island of Saint Heleena
  90. Aftermath:
    Who is now in power & what happens to France?
    Louis the 18th & things are basically returned to the way they were in the 1780s
  91. Aftermath:
    What has changed?
    The map
  92. Aftermath:
    What are some new ideas?
    • Nationalism
    • Liberalism
    • Conservatism