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8 Figures of Speech
When one thing is represented by another.
: All the crowns of Europe.
A part that stands for the whole.
: All hands on deck
Human characteristics are given to anything non human
: Gentle Breeze
Comparison between 2 unlike things
: The woman is a rose
Comparison using like or as.
: The woman is like a rose
Metaphor so familiar it holds no meaning
Combination of Vocabulary and Syntax
Mask adopted by the author
Saying one thing but meaning another
Audience has crucial information that the characters do not.
Our efforts are thwarted, often through our best intentions.
Involves at least one of the 5 senses
Point of View
Who is standing where.
Author telling his own story.
Author on the edge of the action.
Godlike narrator who may know anything past, present, or future and is free to tell audience how to think or feel.
May go into mind of one or two characters and observe from outside.
Knows no more than a human observer.
When characters speak to each other.
We know a lot about them.
Defined by a single idea or quality.
Caricatures of characters that we are already familiar with.
Time and Place
Represents the obstacles to the protagonist's desires.
Statement of the situation at the beginning of the action.
Incidences of Conflict
5 parts of a story
Climax. When everything comes to a point.
Things settle back to normal state of being after Crisis action.
Everything the reader needs to know to make sense of the plot.
The particular part of the story the author chooses to present.
Method of treating time. Covers a long time in a short period.
Method of treating time. Reveals lots of detail about a short period of time.
Any information about the past.
Ending consecutive words or phrases with the same consonant sounds.
Beginning consecutive words or phrases with similar vowel sounds.
Beginning consecutive words or phrases with similar consonant sounds.
Unit of verse ending in a typographical break.
A pause within a line.
Running on a thought from one line to the next.
Line break coincides with the pause.