Creative Writing

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Creative Writing
2011-12-10 14:22:07
Ivy Tech

Creative Writing
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  1. 8 Figures of Speech
    • Metonymy
    • Synecdoche
    • Personification
    • Metaphor
    • Simile
    • Hyperbole
    • Oxymoron
    • Pun
  2. Metonymy
    • When one thing is represented by another.
    • Ex: All the crowns of Europe.
  3. Synecdoche
    • A part that stands for the whole.
    • Ex: All hands on deck
  4. Personification
    • Human characteristics are given to anything non human
    • Ex: Gentle Breeze
  5. Metaphor
    • Comparison between 2 unlike things
    • Ex: The woman is a rose
  6. Simile
    • Comparison using like or as.
    • Ex: The woman is like a rose
  7. Cliche
    Metaphor so familiar it holds no meaning
  8. Diction
    Combination of Vocabulary and Syntax
  9. Vocabulary
    Word Choice
  10. Syntax
    Word order
  11. Persona
    Mask adopted by the author
  12. Verbal Iroby
    Saying one thing but meaning another
  13. Dramatic Irony
    Audience has crucial information that the characters do not.
  14. Cosmic Irony
    Our efforts are thwarted, often through our best intentions.
  15. Concrete language
    Involves at least one of the 5 senses
  16. Point of View
    Who is standing where.
  17. Central Narrator
    Author telling his own story.
  18. Peripheral Narrator
    Author on the edge of the action.
  19. Omniscient
    Godlike narrator who may know anything past, present, or future and is free to tell audience how to think or feel.
  20. Limited Omniscient
    May go into mind of one or two characters and observe from outside.
  21. Objective
    Knows no more than a human observer.
  22. Dialogue
    When characters speak to each other.
  23. Round Character
    We know a lot about them.
  24. Flat Character
    Defined by a single idea or quality.
  25. Stock Character
    Caricatures of characters that we are already familiar with.
  26. Setting
    Time and Place
  27. Protagonist
    Central Character
  28. Antagonist
    Represents the obstacles to the protagonist's desires.
  29. Exposition
    Statement of the situation at the beginning of the action.
  30. Complications
    Incidences of Conflict
  31. 5 parts of a story
    • Exposition
    • Conflict
    • Crisis Action
    • Falling Action
    • Resolution
  32. Crisis Action
    Climax. When everything comes to a point.
  33. Falling Action
    Things settle back to normal state of being after Crisis action.
  34. Denouement
    Falling Action
  35. Story
    Everything the reader needs to know to make sense of the plot.
  36. Plot
    The particular part of the story the author chooses to present.
  37. Summary
    Method of treating time. Covers a long time in a short period.
  38. Scene
    Method of treating time. Reveals lots of detail about a short period of time.
  39. Backstory
    Any information about the past.
  40. Consonance
    Ending consecutive words or phrases with the same consonant sounds.
  41. Assonance
    Beginning consecutive words or phrases with similar vowel sounds.
  42. Alliteration
    Beginning consecutive words or phrases with similar consonant sounds.
  43. Line
    Unit of verse ending in a typographical break.
  44. Caesura
    A pause within a line.
  45. Enjambment
    Running on a thought from one line to the next.
  46. End-stopped line
    Line break coincides with the pause.