Civil war Final Review

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  1. Lincoln’s Second Inaugural
    no celebration, time of sadness. Both sides were wrong during the war. Avoid harsh treatment of the south in their defeat. Lot of bible quoting. Ending of slavery is the will of god. The war was punishment for allowing slavery to continue. Significance? Both sides are to blame and in order to make the nation united again we need to stop blaming the south. Blood atonement for the slaves.
  2. Appomatox
    end of the army of northern Virginia. Grant required a formal surrender, allowed closure to the war. Lee showed up in his best uniform while Grant was grungy, shows the . Grant allow anything that could be used as a farm tool to be kept, had to give up rifles though.
  3. Jeff in petticoats
    Song- Written by a northerner. JD was dressed in his wife’s clothes when he was arrested. He tried to give the excuse that he dressed in the dark. Put JD in the cowards light. Significance? Showed him as a week leader, always trying to run away.
  4. Brazilian Confederates
    Confederates who after the war who did not want to live under union rule when to brazil because it was the only place left with slavery. Still celebrates southern antebellum traditions. Significance? Shows a bit of southern pride and unwillingness to accept the will of the people. Still don’t like Lincoln.
  5. Battle of the Marne
    WW1- showed the difference in sizes of the armies as well as the amount of caualties between the two wars. Total war w/ trench warfare.
  6. John Robertson
    A year in the south
  7. Louis Hughes
    Was the intelligent slave from a year in the south who worked in the salt works in alabama before getting sent back home etc.
  8. Cornelia McDonald
  9. Samuel Agnew
  10. Free labor
    argued by the freedman’s bureau about what the definition was. Right to quit? Economic independence and mobility? Hopes for ethic of accumulation. Free to work where and when you want.
  11. Black Codes
    restrictions to control blacks movements. Required annual contracted work. Social restrictions, curfew, arms restrictions, young blacks had to do apprenticeships. Form of slavery without being called slavery.
  12. Share cropping
    System where poor propertyless farmers (especially blacks) essentially rented a piece of land from a land owner (usually white, often former planters) in exchange for a share of the crop. Yankees get cotton. Eventually workers had to buy seeds and equipment from the land owners store. (Economically enslaved the newly freed blacks)
  13. 13th amendment
    wiped out the 2nd most important form of property in the US. 1860 worth $3billion. US gnp in 1860 was only 20% above the value of slaves-today’s gnp would be $9.75trillion
  14. 14 amendment
    citizenship to all race and color. Removed much of state sovereignty w/ federal governments’s right to restrain rights. Overturned dred scott.
  15. 15th Ammendment
    sufferage for blacks. William Lloyd Garrison- radical abolitionist was not ready for black sufferage.
  16. Depression of 1873
    one of the main reasons for the northern retreat from reconstruction, led to new issues like strikes and such. Results in republicans losing support from northern voters, stronger southern resistance, forcing them to withdraw all troops and end reconstruction.Led to rise of liberal republicans, end of class legislation.
  17. Liberal Republicans
    hostile to “class legislation”. “Reconstruction and slavery we have done with; for administrative and revenue reform we are eager.” Favored limited government.
  18. Debt peonage
    share croppers who got into debt with the land owner had to keep working for the owner. They were usually illiterate so owners used this to cook the books and guarantee that they remained perpetually indebted. Usually sharecroppers bought their supplies from the land owner thus giving him the ability to cook the books.
  19. 37th Congress
    many policies which would not pass because of pre-war southerners passed. Protective terrifs, land grant colleges, homestead act, transcontinental railroad route.
  20. Birth of a Nation/ the Clansman
    Birth of a Nation was a silent/black and white movie that was released in 1915 and was based on the book The Clansman. It portrayed black men as intelligent and sexually ridiculous. The KKK was portrayed as a heroic force that saved the South from blacks. Mulattos were behind all of the plots against Southern life, Reconstruction, and pretty much everything bad in the world.
  21. Pharaoh’s Army
    Movie released in 1995 that takes place in Kentucky. The movie depicts a small group of Union cavalry arriving at Sarah Anders’ farm, whose husband is off fighting for the Confederate Army of Tennessee. The Union soldiers begin to confiscate goods from the farm until one of the soldiers is injured. The relations between the Union soldiers and the Anders is tense, even though the Captain helps Sarah and shares about his personal experiences living in Ohio. Eventually, the boy runs to get help and his preacher’s slaves kills one of the soldiers before being killed himself. After this, the Union soldiers leave with the Anders’ wagon and mule (their only source of livliehood) and the boy follows and kills the wounded man. The movie shows highlights the truly bitter nature of the Civil War. In the area of the Anders’ there were both Yankees and Confederates and they had very strained tensions (Yankees dug up Sarah’s daughter’s body), which highlights the bitter division in the border states. Also, the movie demonstrates the poverty that Southerners were faced with. With the men off fighting the war many women were given almost sole care of their farms which already reduced their capacity to meet their needs, which was only further exacerbated by the confiscation of goods by both armies.
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Civil war Final Review
2011-12-10 23:39:06
Civil War

Civil War
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