c.17 Test_4 - Anxiety Disorders.txt

Card Set Information

Author:
dmk5154
ID:
122594
Filename:
c.17 Test_4 - Anxiety Disorders.txt
Updated:
2011-12-11 22:29:39
Tags:
psu physiological psychology
Folders:

Description:
Test_4 c. 17 Anxiety Disorders
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user dmk5154 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. When people with social phobia view neutral emotional faces, they exhibit amygdala activation. Thus, they are detecting a ______ where there is none.
    threat
  2. surprisingly, PTSD victims experience a __________ in cortisol.
    reduction
  3. very high levels of ___________- are released in the brain during stress, and patients with PTSD have heightened levels of this NT long after the traumatic event has passed.
    norepinephrine (NE)
  4. some studies suggest that _____ may result from having a smaller hippocampus
    PTSD
  5. DA antagonists can reduce _______ frequency in PTs with tourette syndrome
    Tic
  6. the concordance rate for autism is extremely high for _________ twins
    MZ
  7. drilling a hole in your head to release demons or to recapture child-like awareness
    Trepanning
  8. PET scans of those with _______- show increased activity in the orbitofrontal cortex, cingulate, and basal ganglia
    OCD
  9. since panic disorder is associated with fear, PTs liekly have _____________- dysfunction
    amygdala
  10. the physical symptoms of _____ disorder = shortness of breath , clammy swea, heartbeat irregularities, faintness, dizziness, and feelings of unreality
    panic
  11. the brain stem, cerebellum, and corpus callosum are among the brain regions implicated in ........
    autism
  12. ___________ syndrome may be evidence of OCD in dogs
    acrallick
  13. most anxiolytic medications work by increasing the availability of -_____ in the brain
    GABA
  14. there is evidence that OCD can be triggered by....
    infections
  15. compulsive hair pulling
    tricholtillomania
  16. _________ syndrome may be related to damage to the basal ganglia, cingulate gyrus, and PFC due to birth trauma, encephalitis, or other head trauma.
    tourette
  17. imaging studies show that patients with PTSD have weaker ______ function and stronger amygdala activation, consistent with their symptoms
    prefrontal
  18. it is unclear what neural mechanisms underlie _____ but the occipital cortex, basal ganglia, and limbic system are thought to be involved
    GAD (generalized anxiety disorder)
  19. the striatum, part of the ______, is involved in stereotyped cognitions associated with OCD
    Basal Ganglia
  20. autistic PTs show reduction of activity in the _____; this must be related to social dysfunction
    Fusiform face area (FFA)
  21. Xanax, valium, atlivan, klonopin, and Librium are all ____ used to treat anxiety disorders and phobias
    Benzodiazepines
  22. used to attempt to "treat" mental disorders in the past; it involves disconnecting parts of the frontal lobe from the rest of the brain
    lobotomy
  23. panic disorder is associated with structural and functional changes in the __________ lobes
    temporal
  24. the _________ of autistic PTs are 10% larger than controls aged 2-3
    brains
  25. those with ______ experience underactivity of the prefrontal cortex
    ADHD
  26. the fear of having another panic attack can lead to ...
    Agoraphobia (fear of public spaces)
  27. those who have a specific phobia tend to have abnormalities of the _____, which plays a role in emotions, motor function, and language (and addiction).
    insula
  28. The _________ vaccine does NOT cause autism; a researcher fabricated this connection
    MMR
  29. One study suggested that _______- is present in 27% of psychiatric patients
    anxiety
  30. phobia, panic d/o, PTSD, GAD, "neurotic" are types of ________
    anxiety disorder
  31. MZ twin = 40 concordance for _____
    anxiety d/o
  32. ___________ d/o is linked with temporal lobe abnormalities, lesions in white matter. greater lesions = stronger disorder. lower frontal cortex volume also
    Panic
  33. Benzodiazapines are __________ agonists!
    GABA
  34. _______ is linked with small hippocampus, increased amygdala function and decreased PFC function
    PTSD
  35. A proactive treatment for PTSD to lessen chances
    Beta blockers
  36. Specific _________ are from the insula and PFC
    phobias
  37. Social _________ are from the amygdala, cingulate, PFC, and insula
    phobias
  38. In specific phobias, the PFC is _________ in activity
    increased or decreased; at abnormal levels
  39. in PET scans: the OFC, basal ganglia (striatum) are activated more in _____ patients
    OCD
  40. Deep brain stimulation to the thalamus can lower __
    tics
  41. onychophagia =
    nail biting
  42. trichotillomania =
    hair pulling
  43. The best Tx for anxiety =
    Benzos / GABA agonists
  44. MZ twin concordance is 90% in ___________
    Aspergers
  45. In autism / aspergers: there may be abnormal __________ neuron stimulation (empathy deficit?)
    mirror
  46. ADHD is caused by impulse control in
    PFC
  47. drill hole in head
    trepanning
  48. TSE=
    mad cow, transmissible spongiform encephalopathies
  49. 75% of AIDS patients =
    brain damage
  50. ? in class test prep: something about women = Alzheimers
    Okay.

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview