c.17 Test_4 - Anxiety Disorders.txt
Card Set Information
c.17 Test_4 - Anxiety Disorders.txt
psu physiological psychology
Test_4 c. 17 Anxiety Disorders
When people with social phobia view neutral emotional faces, they exhibit amygdala activation. Thus, they are detecting a ______ where there is none.
surprisingly, PTSD victims experience a __________ in cortisol.
very high levels of ___________- are released in the brain during stress, and patients with PTSD have heightened levels of this NT long after the traumatic event has passed.
some studies suggest that _____ may result from having a smaller hippocampus
DA antagonists can reduce _______ frequency in PTs with tourette syndrome
the concordance rate for autism is extremely high for _________ twins
drilling a hole in your head to release demons or to recapture child-like awareness
PET scans of those with _______- show increased activity in the orbitofrontal cortex, cingulate, and basal ganglia
since panic disorder is associated with fear, PTs liekly have _____________- dysfunction
the physical symptoms of _____ disorder = shortness of breath , clammy swea, heartbeat irregularities, faintness, dizziness, and feelings of unreality
the brain stem, cerebellum, and corpus callosum are among the brain regions implicated in ........
___________ syndrome may be evidence of OCD in dogs
most anxiolytic medications work by increasing the availability of -_____ in the brain
there is evidence that OCD can be triggered by....
compulsive hair pulling
_________ syndrome may be related to damage to the basal ganglia, cingulate gyrus, and PFC due to birth trauma, encephalitis, or other head trauma.
imaging studies show that patients with PTSD have weaker ______ function and stronger amygdala activation, consistent with their symptoms
it is unclear what neural mechanisms underlie _____ but the occipital cortex, basal ganglia, and limbic system are thought to be involved
GAD (generalized anxiety disorder)
the striatum, part of the ______, is involved in stereotyped cognitions associated with OCD
autistic PTs show reduction of activity in the _____; this must be related to social dysfunction
Fusiform face area (FFA)
Xanax, valium, atlivan, klonopin, and Librium are all ____ used to treat anxiety disorders and phobias
used to attempt to "treat" mental disorders in the past; it involves disconnecting parts of the frontal lobe from the rest of the brain
panic disorder is associated with structural and functional changes in the __________ lobes
the _________ of autistic PTs are 10% larger than controls aged 2-3
those with ______ experience underactivity of the prefrontal cortex
the fear of having another panic attack can lead to ...
Agoraphobia (fear of public spaces)
those who have a specific phobia tend to have abnormalities of the _____, which plays a role in emotions, motor function, and language (and addiction).
The _________ vaccine does NOT cause autism; a researcher fabricated this connection
One study suggested that _______- is present in 27% of psychiatric patients
phobia, panic d/o, PTSD, GAD, "neurotic" are types of ________
MZ twin = 40 concordance for _____
___________ d/o is linked with temporal lobe abnormalities, lesions in white matter. greater lesions = stronger disorder. lower frontal cortex volume also
Benzodiazapines are __________ agonists!
_______ is linked with small hippocampus, increased amygdala function and decreased PFC function
A proactive treatment for PTSD to lessen chances
Specific _________ are from the insula and PFC
Social _________ are from the amygdala, cingulate, PFC, and insula
In specific phobias, the PFC is _________ in activity
increased or decreased; at abnormal levels
in PET scans: the OFC, basal ganglia (striatum) are activated more in _____ patients
Deep brain stimulation to the thalamus can lower __
The best Tx for anxiety =
Benzos / GABA agonists
MZ twin concordance is 90% in ___________
In autism / aspergers: there may be abnormal __________ neuron stimulation (empathy deficit?)
ADHD is caused by impulse control in
drill hole in head
mad cow, transmissible spongiform encephalopathies
75% of AIDS patients =
? in class test prep: something about women = Alzheimers