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The integration of sensory impressions into information that is psychologically meaningful.
The method used by the CNS to process information. Incudes knowing, understanding, awareness, judgement, and decision making.
The appreciation of stimuli through the organ of special sense, the peripheral cutaneous sensory system, or internal receptors.
What are the 5 approaches to therapy in congnitive and perceptual dysfunction?
- The Retraining Approach
- The Sensory Integrative Approach
- The Neurofunctional Approach
- The Rehabilitative/Conpensatory Approach
- Cogniitive Rehabilitation/Quadraphonic Approach
Name 3 cognitive deficits:
- Attention disorders
- Memory disorders
- Executive function disorders
What are the 4 different kinds of attention?
What are the 3 levels of memory?
- Immediate recall
- Short-term memory
- Long-term memory
Retention of information that has been stored for a few seconds.
Retention of events or learning that has taken place within a few minutes, hours, or days.
Consists of early experiences and information aquired over a period of years.
______ consists of those capacities that enable the person to engage successfully in independent, purposive, self-serving behavior.
Name 5 body scheme / body image disorders:
- Unilateral neglect
- Right-Left discrimination
- Finger agnosia
The inability to register and integrate stimuli and perceptions from one side of the body and environment, which is not due to sensory loss.
Denial and lack of awareness of the presence or severity of one's paralysis.
Lack of awareness of the body structure and the relationship of body parts to oneself or to others.
Inabitlity to identify the right and left sides of one's own body or of that of the examiner.
Inabitliy to indentify the fingers of one's own hands or of the hands of the examiner.
Name 6 spacial relations disorder:
- Figure-ground discrimination
- Form constancy
- Spatial relations
- Topographic orientation
- Depth perception
- Vertical disorientation
The inability to visually distinguish a figure from the background in which it is embedded.
Inability to perceive or attend to subtle differences in form and shape.
Inability to perceive the relationship of one object in space to another object, or to oneself.
Spatial relations disorder
Difficulty in understanding and remembering the relationship of one location to another.
Inaccurate judgement of direction, distance, and depth.
Depth perception disorder
A distorted perception of what is vertical.
Name 3 types of agnosias:
- Visual object agnosia
- Auditory agnosia
Inability to recognize or make sense of incoming information despite intact sensory capacities.
Inability to recognize familiar objects despite normal functions of the eyes.
Visual object agnosia
Inability to recognize nonspeech sounds or to discriminate between them.
Inability to recognize forms by handling them.
Name 3 types of apraxia:
An impairment of voluntary skilled learned movement.
Able to carry out habitual tasks automatically but is unable to imitate gestures or perform on command.
Inability to perform a purposeful motor act, either automatically or on command, because the patient no longer understands the overall concept of the act.
Inability to copy drawings or to manipulate objects to form patterns or designs.