Card Set Information
Med Cond Fall 2011
What are the Primary Risk Factors of Stroke
What are the Secondary Risk Factors to Strokes
Behaviors related to hypertension
increase alcohol consumption
What is a Ischemic Stroke?
Loss of perfusion to a portions of the brain
Embolus - 20%
What is a Hemorrhagic Stroke?
Abnormal Bleeding into the brain
How is a stroke diagnosed?
blood and urine work
CT, MRI, PET, Carotid Doppler, Cerebral Angiography
What is medical management for a Stroke?
Mangage BP and ICP
What are signs of left hemiplegia?
Visual perception problems, neglect
Decreased Problem solving
Often unaware of impairments
Rigid Thinking - safety risk
What are signs of right hemiplegia?
Speech and language problems
Decreased planning, sequencing
Very aware of impairments and anxious
Slow and cautious
Difficulty processing verbal cues
What are Impairments fo a Brainstem Lesion?
Unstable vital signs
Decreased ability to swallow
Weakness of both sides of the body
Paralysis on both sides of the body
What are impairments of a Cerebellum lesion?
Decreased ability for postural adjustment
Contractures, Decubitus Ulcers
Limitied pulmonary capacity/ pneumondia
Common Gait Deviations with a Stroke
Hip - protraction, trendelenberg, hip hiking, circumduction during gait
Knee- buckling or hyperextension during stance
Ankle - Foot drag, increase tone = PF and IV
Ways to decrease tone
Ice packs, estime or vibrations to antogonist, air splints, weight bearing