module1.txt

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blissz45
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122712
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module1.txt
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2011-12-11 13:48:32
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social neuroscience harris duke
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Module 1- Social Neuroscience 167
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  1. 1990s
    Decade of the brain
  2. Authoritarian Personality
    An exaggerated need to submit to strong authority, rigid adherence toconventional patterns of behavior, a commitment to harsh punishment for deviant behavior, and general hostility (Altmeyer)
  3. Deep Brain Electrodes
    Used to treat patients with severe epilepsy or Parkinson's
  4. Delicate motion
    Nuclei rotate with a frequency proportional to the magnetic field
  5. Descartes
    French philosopher believed that the mind and body were separated (duallism), implicated that the brain (pineal gland) was the interface between the mind and the body
  6. EEG
    A cap consisting of electrodes that detect electrical activity within the brain
  7. Fritz Heider
    Philosopher who demonstrated geometric shapes can be seen as human to other humans (anthropomorphization)
  8. Genetic Assays
    Genetic codes are reviewed for correlations in certain behaviors.
  9. Gestalt Tradition
    The manner in which objects and events are perceived to go together (configuration); emerged in perception research (usually of inanimate objects)
  10. Gordon Allport
    Father of prejudice studies; prejudice emerges from the creation of grouping
  11. Groups
    Basic units of society; provide belonging and security; define individual identities
  12. Homunculus
    A center the controls everything in the brain
  13. Imprinting
    The idea of that there is some phase-sensitive learning of certain social attributes, like language
  14. Individual Differences
    Individual behavior results from stable individual differences in behavioral disposition brought about by stabilities in the social environment
  15. Kurt Lewin
    German-American founder of social psychologist who believed in using the scientific method
  16. Leon Fastinger
    Solomon Asch demostrated that reality is fabricated, showed that people have a tendency to conform
  17. Lesion cases
    Can be used to correlate changes in behavior with region that was lesion
  18. Mentalizing
    Inferring the mental state of another- intentions, goals, desires; satisfies the desire for information and allows prediction of behavior
  19. Mimicry
    People subconsciously make the same emotion of the face that is shown to them
  20. Muzafir Sherif
    Jewish psychologist studied prejudice and stereotyping. Mainly known for the Boys at Camp experiment.
  21. NMR
    Magnetic hydrogen nuclei absorb and re-emit the oscillating radio frequency
  22. PET
    A methodology where patients are injected with radioactive chasers so that blood flow can be tracked within the brain.
  23. Phrenology
    Each part of the brain is responsible for one particular trait
  24. Plato
    The first neuro-sociologist; believed the seat of reason was the heart, not the brain
  25. Power
    Control over valued resources leads to control over another's outcomes
  26. Reliability
    Can the experiment be repeated?
  27. rTMS
    Can be used for specific activation or inactivation in different parts of the brain to observe changes
  28. Social Behavior
    Considers another agent's mental state-- results from cognitions and emotions involving other agents that possess actual, imagined, or implied mental states
  29. Social Learning Theory
    New behavior is acquired through observational learning
  30. Social Neuroscience
    Interdisciplinary attempt to explain social behavior and its neural correlates
  31. Stanley Milgram
    Famous American social psychologist known for his experiment where participants had choices to shock other participants within the study
  32. Status Hierarchies
    A structural feature of society that allows stratification
  33. Validity
    Does the experiment measure what it suppose to measure?
  34. William James
    Father of psychology

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