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- repetition in the first part of a clause or sentence of a prominentword from the latter part of the preceding clause or sentence,usually with a change or extension of meaning.
- ex:The love of wicked men converts to fear,
That fear to hate, and hate turns one or both
To worthy danger and deserved death.
- a similarity between like features of two things, on which acomparison may be based: the analogy between the heart and apump.
- ex:"I am to dancing what Roseanne is to singing and Donald Duck to motivational speeches. I am as graceful as a refrigerator falling down a flight of stairs."
- Also called epanaphora. Rhetoric . repetition of a word orwords at the beginning of two or more successive verses,clauses, or sentences. Compare epistrophe ( def. 1 ) ,symploce.
- ex:"I needed a drink, I needed a lot of life insurance, I needed a vacation, I needed a home in the country. What I had was a coat, a hat and a gun."
(Raymond Chandler, Farewell, My Lovely, 1940)
- noun:a person or thing detested or loathed: That subject is anathemato him.
- ex:But to deny one class of citizens the freedom to marry based on their sexual orientation is discriminatory – anathema to the great tradition of freedom and equal opportunity
- noun:a short account of a particular incident or event, especiallyof an interesting or amusing nature.
- ex:The experts of Spain concluded that Columbus's plans to discover a new and shorter route to the West Indies was virtually impossible. Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand ignored the report of the experts. "I can make it happen," Columbus persisted. And he did. Everyone knew the world was flat, but not Columbus. The Nina, the Pinta, the Santa Maria, along with Columbus and his small band of followers, sailed to "impossible" new lands and thriving resources.
- In rhetoric, anthimeria, traditionally and more properly called antimeria (from the ἀντί, antí, "against, opposite" and μέρος, méros, "part"), is the use of a word as if it were a member of a different word class (part of speech); typically, the use of a noun as if it were a verb
- ex:I moved him to the boathouse. . . . You just totally Scooby-Doo'd me, didn't you?
- an event, conclusion, statement, etc., that is far lessimportant, powerful, or striking than expected.
- ex:In the movie Gladiator, Russell Crowe's character doesn't kill the other gladiator at the end of their match, even though the entire arena is calling for his death and the audience is expecting the other gladiator to die.
- In rhetoric, antimetabole is the repetition of words in successive clauses, but in transposed grammatical order
- ex:"Americans eat to live, but the French live to eat."
the placing of a sentence or one of its parts againstanother to which it is opposed to form a balancedcontrast of ideas, as in “Give me liberty or give medeath.”
a terse saying embodying a general truth, or astute observation,as “Power tends to corrupt, and absolute power corruptsabsolutely” (Lord Acton).
noun Rhetoric .a digression in the form of an address to someone not present,or to a personified object or idea, as “O Death, where is thysting?”
- the original pattern or model from which all things of thesame kind are copied or on which they are based; a modelor first form; prototype.
- "a wise old man" talking about a knowledgeable person or "eve" in the bible
- an oral disagreement; verbal opposition; contention;altercation: a violent argument.
- ex:"all men are created equal" idea in the declaration of independence
- noun. resemblance of sounds.Also called vowel rhyme. Prosody . rhyme in which thesame vowel sounds are used with different consonants inthe stressed syllables of the rhyming words, as in penitent and reticence.
- ex:"hear the mellow wedding bells" by Edgar Allen Poe
Rhetoric . the omission of conjunctions, as in “He hasprovided the poor with jobs, with opportunity, with self-respect.”
- the power to determine, adjudicate, or otherwise settleissues or disputes; jurisdiction; the right to control,command, or determine.
- "If you’re walking down the right path and you’re willing to keep walking, eventually you’ll make progress."
- a ludicrous descent from the exalted or lofty to thecommonplace; anticlimax.
- The serious message of the movie is ruined by the bathos of its ridiculous ending.
harsh discordance of sound; dissonance: a cacophony of hoots,cackles, and wails.
noun. Prosody . a break, especially a sense pause, usually near themiddle of a verse, and marked in scansion by a doublevertical line, as in know then thyself ‖ presume not God to scan.
ex: If you don’t get enough sleep, you will be tired the next day.
- a reversal in the order of words in two otherwise parallelphrases, as in “He went to the country, to the town went she.”nun
a trite, stereotyped expression; a sentence or phrase,usually expressing a popular or common thought or idea,that has lost originality, ingenuity, and impact by longoveruse, as sadder but wiser, or strong as an ox.
the highest or most intense point in the development orresolution of something; culmination: His career reached itsclimax when he was elected president.
- noun:characteristic of or appropriate to ordinary or familiarconversation rather than formal speech or writing; informal. + ism
- ex:"it's raining cats and dogs"
ex:"the sun rises in the east and sets in the west"
- noun:an excessively favorable opinion of one's own ability,importance, wit, etc.
- something that is conceived in the mind; a thought; idea:He jotted down the conceits of his idle hours.
adj. conforming or adhering to accepted standards, as of conductor taste: conventional behavior.
- a thing made for a particular purpose; an invention orcontrivance, especially a mechanical or electrical one.
- a particular word pattern, figure of speech, combination ofword sounds, etc., used in a literary work to evoke adesired effect or arouse a desired reaction in the reader:rhetorical devices.
- ex. a useful mnemonic device for remembering the names of the planets
- style of speaking or writing as dependent upon choice ofwords: good diction.
- the accent, inflection, intonation, and speech-sound qualitymanifested by an individual speaker, usually judged interms of prevailing standards of acceptability; enunciation.
- "We throw in as many fresh words as we can get away with.
- intended for instruction; instructive: didactic poetry.
- inclined to teach or lecture others too much: a boring, didacticspeaker.
- a funeral song or tune, or one expressing mourning incommemoration of the dead.
- any composition resembling such a song or tune incharacter, as a poem of lament for the dead or solemn,mournful music: Tennyson's dirge for the Duke of Wellington.
- a mournful sound resembling a dirge: The autumn wind sangthe dirge of summer.
- the omission from a sentence or other construction ofone or more words that would complete or clarify theconstruction, as the omission of who are, while I am, orwhile we are from I like to interview people sitting down.
- the omission of one or more items from a constructionin order to avoid repeating the identical or equivalentitems that are in a preceding or following construction,as the omission of been to Paris from the second clauseof I've been to Paris, but they haven't.
Emotional Appeal (Pathos)
- the quality or power in an actual life experience or inliterature, music, speech, or other forms of expression, ofevoking a feeling of pity or compassion.
- ex:“I don’t have my homework because my puppy died”-Riley
- a repetition of a word or a phrase with intervening words settingoff the repetition, sometimes occurring with a phrase used bothat the beginning and end of a sentence, as in Only the poor reallyknow what it is to suffer; only the poor.noun
- “The man who did the waking buys the man who is sleeping a drink; the man who was sleeping drinks it while listening to a proposition from the man who did the waking”
noun, plural -ses [-seez] Show IPA. Rhetoric .the rephrasing of an immediately preceding word or statementfor the purpose of intensification, emphasis, or justification, as in“Seems, madam! Nay, it is; I know not ‘seems.’ ”
- noun an inscription, especially on a building, statue, or the like.
- "Power and speed be hands and feet" at the beginning of Self-Reliance.
- noun a sudden, intuitive perception of or insight into the reality oressential meaning of something, usually initiated by somesimple, homely, or commonplace occurrence or experience
- "Suddenly, John realized that God was within him."
- noun a letter, especially a formal or didactic one; writtencommunication.
- Paul and Timothy's epistles to the Phillipians in the Bible.
noun: Also called epiphora. Rhetoric . the repetition of a word orwords at the end of two or more successive verses, clauses,or sentences, as in “I should do Brutus wrong, and Cassiuswrong. …” Compare anaphora ( def. 1 ) .
- a commemorative inscription on a tomb or mortuarymonument about the person buried at that site.
- "Loving son, father, and husband, John Smith, Rest in Peace."
- any word or phrase applied to a person or thing to describean actual or attributed quality: “Richard the Lion-Hearted” is anepithet of Richard I.
- an equivocal, ambiguous expression; equivoque: The speechwas marked by elaborate equivocations.
Draws our sense of right and wrong. Ex- we cannot let murderers go free, no matter what their age
- the substitution of a mild, indirect, or vague expression forone thought to be offensive, harsh, or blunt.
- the expression so substituted: “To pass away” is a euphemismfor “to die.”
- agreeableness of sound; pleasing effect to the ear, especially apleasant sounding or harmonious combination or succession ofwords: the majestic euphony of Milton's poetry.
- an explanation; interpretation: He gave a brilliant explication ofJames Joyce's book.
- noun: a short tale to teach a moral lesson, often with animals orinanimate objects as characters; apologue: the fable of thetortoise and the hare; Aesop's fables.
- a story not founded on fact: This biography is largely a self-laudatory fable.
- something feigned, invented, or imagined; a made-up story:We've all heard the fiction of her being in delicate health.
- adj. of the nature of or involving a figure of speech, especiallya metaphor; metaphorical and not literal, as in figurativelanguage .
- metaphorically so called: His remark was a figurativeboomerang.
- ex:Seeing that expanse of green grass, smelling the hot dogs and the popcorn cooking, walking past excited children clutching baseball gloves, hearing the balls smack into gloves, all adding up to a perfect experience of Americana.
- noun a sermon, usually on a Biblical topic and usually of anondoctrinal nature.
- A Model of Christian Charity is an example of this
- obvious and intentional exaggeration.
- an extravagant statement or figure of speech not intendedto be taken literally, as “to wait an eternity.”
- ex: "What should young people do with their lives today? Many things, obviously. But the most daring thing is to create stable communities in which the terrible disease of loneliness can be cured."
- Hypophora, also referred to as anthypophora or antipophora, is a figure of speech in which the speaker poses a question and then answers the question.Silva Rhetoricae (2006).
- ex:"I watched him, his hard little body, skinny and bare, saw him wince slightly as he pulled up around his vitals the small, soggy, icy garnment. As he buckled the swollen belt, suddenly my groin felt the chill of death.”
- noun a physical likeness or representation of a person, animal, orthing, photographed, painted, sculptured, or otherwise madevisible.
- Psychology . a mental representation of something previouslyperceived, in the absence of the original stimulus.
- the formation of mental images, figures, or likenesses ofthings, or of such images collectively: the dim imagery of adream.
- the process of deriving the strict logical consequencesof assumed premises.
- the process of arriving at some conclusion that, thoughit is not logically derivable from the assumed premises,possesses some degree of probability relative to thepremises.
- ex: You hear a thump and a person scream "ow!" you assume that someone hurt themselves.
- a proposition reached by a process of inference.
- an insulting or abusive word or expression.
- ex:"You foul human being!" or any other common word in a teenager's vocabulary.
- the use of words to convey a meaning that is the oppositeof its literal meaning: the irony of her reply, “How nice!” when Isaid I had to work all weekend.