Card Set Information
Acute stress disorder
A psychological disturbance lasting up to 1 month following stresses that would produce anxiety in anyone who experienced them.
An emotional disturbance caused by on-going stressors within the range of common experience.
Agoraphobia (without panic)
The person fears that something extremely embarrassing will happen to them if they leave the house or enter unfamiliar situations.
A person who lacks a conscience, is emotionally shallow, impulsive, selfish, and tends to manipulate others.
Disruptive feelings of fear, apprehension, or anxiety, or distortions in behavior that are anxiety related.
Anxiety reduction hypothesis
Explains the self-defeating nature of avoidance responses as a result of the reinforcing effects of relief from anxiety.
Emotional disorders involving both depression and mania or hypomania.
Bipolar I disorder
A mood disorder in which a person has episodes of mania (excited, hyperactive, energetic, grandiose behavior) and also periods of deep depression.
Bipolar II disorder
A mood disorder in which a person is mostly depressed (sad, despondent, guilt ridden) but has also had one or more episodes of mild mania (hypomania).
Schizophrenia marked by stupor, rigidity, unresponsiveness, posturing, mutism, and, sometimes, agitated, purposeless behavior.
A bodily symptom that mimics a physical disability but is actually caused by anxiety or emotional distress.
Moderate manic and depressive behavior that persists for 2 years or more.
A false belief held against all contrary evidence.
A psychosis marked by severe delusions of grandeur, jealousy, persecution, or similar preoccupations.
Emotional disorders primarily involving sadness, despondency, and depression.
Schizophrenia marked by incoherence, grossly disorganized behavior, bizarre thinking, and flat or grossly inappropriate emotions.
Loss of memory (partial or complete) for important information related to personal identity.
Temporary amnesia, multiple personality, or depersonalization.
Sudden travel away from home, plus confusion abut one’s personal identity.
Dissociative identity disorder
The presence of two or more distinct personalities (multiple personality).
Moderate depression that persists for 2 years or more.
Depression that appears to be produced from within (perhaps by chemical imbalances in the brain), rather than as a reaction to life events.
Generalized anxiety disorder
The person is in a chronic state of tension and worries about work, relationships, ability, or impending disaster.
An imaginary sensation, such as seeing, hearing, or smelling things that don’t exist in the real world.
A preoccupation with fears of having a serious disease. Ordinary physical signs are interpreted as proof that the person has a disease, but no physical disorder can be found.
A legal term that refers to a mental inability to manage one’s affairs or to be aware of the consequences of one’s actions.
Major depressive disorder
A mood disorder in which the person has suffered one or more intense episodes of depression.
Major mood disorders
Disorders marked by lasting extremes of mood or emotion and sometimes accompanied by psychotic symptoms.
Behavior that makes it difficult to adapt to the environment and meet the demands of day-to-day life.
Major disturbances in mood or emotion, such as depression or mania
An outdated term once used to refer, as a group, to anxiety disorders, somatoform disorders, dissociative disorders, and some forms of depression.
An extreme preoccupation with certain thoughts and compulsive performance of certain behaviors.
Pain that has no identifiable physical cause and appears to be of psychological origin.
Panic disorder (with agoraphobia)
A chronic state of anxiety and brief moments of sudden panic. The person fears that these panic attacks will occur in public places or unfamiliar situations.
Panic disorder (without agoraphobia)
The person is in a chronic state of anxiety and also has brief moments of sudden, intense, unexpected panic.
A delusional disorder centered especially on delusions of persecution.
Schizophrenia marked by a preoccupation with delusions or by frequent auditory hallucinations related to a single theme, especially grandeur or persecution.
A maladaptive personality pattern.
A treatment for seasonal affective disorder that involves exposure to bright, full-spectrum light.
Posttraumatic stress disorder
A psychological disturbance lasting more than 1 month following stresses that would produce anxiety in anyone who experienced them.
A psychological injury or shock, such as that caused by violence, abuse, neglect, separation, and so forth.
The scientific study of mental, emotional, and behavioral disorders; also, abnormal or maladaptive behavior.
A withdrawal from reality marked by hallucinations and delusions, disturbed thought and emotions, and by personality disorganization.
A psychosis characterized by delusions, hallucinations, apathy, and a “split” between thought and emotion.
Seasonal affective disorder
Depression that occurs only during fall and winter; presumably related to decreased exposure to sunlight.
Sexual and gender identity disorders
Any of a wide range of difficulties with sexual identity, deviant sexual behavior, or sexual adjustment.
Failure to conform to societal norms or the usual minimum standards for social conduct.
An intense, irrational fear of being observed, evaluated, embarrassed, or humiliated by others in social situations.
Afflicted persons have numerous physical complaints. Typically, they have consulted many doctors, but no organic cause for their distress can be identified.
Physical symptoms that mimic disease or injury for which there is no identifiable physical cause.
An intense, irrational fear of specific objects, activities, or situations.
Abnormality defined on the basis of an extreme score on some dimension, such as IQ or anxiety.
A significant emotional disturbance caused by stresses outside the range of normal human experience.
Attributes psychosis to a combination of environmental stress and inherited susceptibility.
Abuse of or dependence on a mood- or behavior-altering drug.