Final study guide pt. 4.txt

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coreygloudeman
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122813
Filename:
Final study guide pt. 4.txt
Updated:
2011-12-11 18:30:20
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Crafton Hills College RESP 130 Final pt
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Crafton Hills College RESP 130 Final pt. 4
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  1. What will ionize almost completely in an aqueous solution?
    Strong acid
  2. What will ionize only to a small extent?
    Weak acid or base
  3. What are the buffer systems?
    • "OBE": Open, Bicarbonate, Erythrocyte and Plasma
    • "CNH": Closed, Nonbicarbonate, Hemoglobin/Organic phosphates/Inorganic phosphates/Plasma Proteins
  4. How does the Henderson-Hasselbalch Equation look at pH?
    • the biologic acid-base relationship by looking at one specific component of the system, namely the carbonic acid (H2CO3) to bicarbonate ion (HCO3) relationship
    • it is expressed at have Bicarbonate (kidneys) in the numerator, and CO2 (lungs) in the denominator
  5. What is the following blood gas: pH = 7.25, PaCO2 = 55, Bicarbonate = 20, BD = -4
    Mixed Respiratory and Metabolic Acidosis
  6. In respiratory acidosis (hypoventilation), what will the kidneys do?
    restore pH by reabsorbing bicarbonate
  7. In respiratory alkalosis (hyperventilation), what will the kidneys do?
    eliminate Bicarbonate throuhg urine
  8. In metabolic acidosis what will the lungs do?
    hyperventilate
  9. In metabolic alkalosis what will the lungs do?
    hypoventilate
  10. What is the normal Anion Gap range?
    9-14
  11. Is potassium (K+) taken into account when calculating anion gap?
    no, too small
  12. What does iatrogenic result from?
    the use of diuretics, low-salt diets, and gastric drainage

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