Card Set Information
Classifying objects or events as absolutely right or wrong, good or bad, acceptable or unacceptable, and so forth.
Drugs that, in addition to having tranquilizing effects, also tend to reduce hallucinations and delusional thinking. (Also called
Drugs (such as Valium) that produce relaxation or reduce anxiety
In Carl Rogers’s terms, the ability of a therapist to be genuine and honest about his or her own feelings.
Suppressing an undesirable response by associating it with aversive (painful or uncomfortable) stimuli.
The application of learning principles to change human behavior, especially maladaptive behavior.
Any therapy designed to actively change behavior.
Brief psychodynamic therapy
A modern therapy based on psychoanalytic theory but designed to produce insights more quickly
Client-centered (or person-centered) therapy
A nondirective therapy based on insights gained from conscious thoughts and feelings; emphasizes accepting one’s true self.
A therapy directed at changing the maladaptive thoughts, beliefs, and feelings that underlie emotional and behavioral problems.
Community mental health center
A facility offering a wide range of mental health services, such as prevention, counseling, consultation, and crisis intervention.
Using positive imagery to reinforce desired behavior.
Use of aversive imagery to reduce the occurrence of an undesired response.
Skilled management of a psychological emergency.
Culturally skilled therapist
A therapist who has the awareness, knowledge, and skills necessary to treat clients from diverse cultural backgrounds.
Reduced use of full-time commitment to mental institutions to treat mental disorders.
In medieval Europe, the study of demons and the treatment of persons “possessed” by demons.
Images in dreams whose personal or emotional meanings differ from their literal meanings.
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)
A treatment for severe depression, consisting of an electric shock passed directly through the brain, which induces a convulsion.
A capacity for taking another’s point of view; the ability to feel what another is feeling.
A group experience that emphasizes intensely honest interchanges among participants regarding feelings and reactions to one another.
An insight therapy that focuses on the elemental problems of existence, such as death, meaning, choice, and responsibility; emphasizes making courageous life choices.
Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR)
A technique for reducing fear or anxiety; based on holding upsetting thoughts in mind while rapidly moving the eyes from side to side.
Technique in which all family members participate, both individually and as a group, to change destructive relationships and communication patterns.
In psychoanalysis, the technique of having a client say anything that comes to mind, regardless of how embarrassing or unimportant it may seem.
An approach that focuses on immediate experience and awareness to help clients rebuild thinking, feeling, and acting into connected wholes; emphasizes the integration of fragmented experiences.
Psychotherapy conducted in a group setting to make therapeutic use of group dynamics.
A community-based facility for individuals making the transition from an institution (mental hospital, prison, and so forth) to independent living.
A rank-ordered series of higher and lower amounts, levels, degrees, or steps.
Large-group awareness training
Any of a number of programs (many of them commercialized) that claim to increase selfawareness and facilitate constructive personal change.
Latent dream content
The hidden or symbolic meaning of a dream, as revealed by dream interpretation and analysis.
Manifest dream content
The surface, “visible” content of a dream; dream images as they are remembered by the dreamer.
Placing a person in a protected, therapeutic environment staffed by mental health professionals.
Observing another person re-enact one’s own behavior, like a character in a play; designed to help persons see themselves more clearly.
Blowing a single event out of proportion by extending it to a large number of unrelated situations.
An individual who works in a near-professional capacity under the supervision of a more highly trained person.
An approach in which patients receive treatment at a hospital during the day, but return home at night.
A nonprofessional person who has learned basic counseling skills.
The use of drugs to alleviate the symptoms of emotional disturbance.
A Freudian therapy that emphasizes the use of free association, dream interpretation, resistances, and transference to uncover unconscious conflicts.
A therapy in which clients act out personal conflicts and feelings in the presence of others who play supporting roles.
Any surgical alteration of the brain designed to bring about desirable behavioral or emotional changes.
Any psychological technique used to facilitate positive changes in a person’s personality, behavior, or adjustment.
Rational-emotive behavior therapy (REBT)
An approach that states that irrational beliefs cause many emotional problems and that such beliefs must be changed or abandoned.
The presence of one emotional state can inhibit the occurrence of another, such as joy preventing fear or anxiety inhibiting pleasure.
In client-centered therapy, the process of rephrasing or repeating thoughts and feelings expressed by clients so they can become aware of what they are saying.
A blockage in the flow of free association; topics the client resists thinking or talking about.
Taking the role of another person to learn how one’s own behavior appears from the other person’s perspective.
Perceiving only certain stimuli among a larger array of possibilities.
A group of people who share a particular type of problem and provide mutual support to one another.
A group experience consisting of exercises designed to increase self-awareness and sensitivity to others.
Any bodily therapy, such as drug therapy, electroconvulsive therapy, or psychosurgery.
A reduction in fear, anxiety, or aversion brought about by planned exposure to aversive stimuli.
A procedure for systematically achieving deep relaxation of the body.
A caring relationship that unites a therapist and a client in working to solve the client’s problems.
Therapy placebo effect
Improvement caused not by the actual process of therapy but by a client’s expectation that therapy will help.
Use of aversive stimuli to interrupt or prevent upsetting thoughts.
A therapeutic program in which desirable behaviors are reinforced with tokens that can be exchanged for goods, services, activities, and privileges.
The tendency of patients to transfer feelings to a therapist that correspond to those the patient had for important persons in his or her past.
Unconditional positive regard
An unqualified, unshakable acceptance of another person.
A reduction in fear or anxiety that takes place vicariously (“secondhand”) when a client watches models perform the feared behavior.
Virtual reality exposure
Use of computergenerated images to present fear stimuli. The virtual environment responds to a viewer’s head movements and other inputs.