Test - Parasite c answers v.0.txt

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Chikyujin
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122867
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Test - Parasite c answers v.0.txt
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2011-12-11 20:30:39
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Parasites
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Parasites
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  1. Wucheria bancrofti, Brugia malayi
    • ELEPHANTIASIS
    • Filariasis Roundworm
    • Enzyme "cuts" Ab
    • Mosquitoes
  2. Loa loa filariasis
    • LOA LOA, AFRICAN EYEWORM, CALABAR SWELLINGS
    • Filariasis Roundworm
    • Enzyme "cuts" Ab
    • Fly
  3. Onchocerca volvulus, Filaria onchocerciasis
    • RIVERBLINDESS
    • Filariasis Roundworm
    • Enzyme "cuts" Ab
    • Mosquitoes
  4. Dracunculus mediensis
    • DRACUNCULIASIS, GUINEA WORM DISEASE, FIERY SERPENT
    • Filariasis Roundworm
    • Anti-inflammatory compounds
    • Water flea
  5. Plasmodial
    • MALARIA
    • Plasmodial disease
    • Merozites w/in cells w/in 30 mins then ruptures RBC
  6. Trypanosomiasis brucei
    • AFRICAN SLEEPING SICKNESS
    • Protist, Protozoa
    • Ag variations - alters surface protein q7d
    • Tsetse fly
  7. Leishmaniasis
    • KALA AZAR, ORIENTAL SORE
    • Protist
    • Hides w/in macrophage cell
    • Adult protist
  8. Flavivirus
    • DENGUE FEVER, BREAKBONE FEVER
    • Virus
    • Virus in WBC
    • Mosquito
  9. Schistosomiasis, Bilharzia
    • LIVER FLUKE, BILHARZIA
    • Trematode, Flatworm, Fluke
    • Coats itself w/in an hour
    • Freshwater Snails
  10. A MECHANICAL VECTOR is defined as...
    A parasite that does not go through any of its life cycle during transit by a vector
  11. The intermediate host of the Bilharzia parasite is:
    Freshwater SNAIL
  12. The definitive host of the Bilharzia parasite is:
    Man
  13. The intermediate host of the Guinea Worm parasite is:
    �WATER FLEA�
  14. The definitive host of the Guinea Worm parasite is:
    Man
  15. The intermediate host of the Filarial Elephantiasis parasite is:
    Mosquito
  16. The definitive host of the Filarial Elephantiasis parasite is:
    Man
  17. The intermediate host of the Plasmodium parasite is:
    Man
  18. The definitive host of the Plasmodium parasite is:
    Mosquito
  19. The intermediate host of the Loa Loa parasite is:
    FLY
  20. The intermediate host of the Filarial Onchocerciasis parasite is:
    FLY
  21. The intermediate host of the Leishmania parasite is:
    FLY
  22. The definitive host of the Leishmania parasite is:
    None
  23. Which of the following is NOT a host for Leishmanias?
    Mosquitoes
  24. The harshest disease stage of the parasite in Malaria. Causes RBC rupture-->fever and chills
    Merozoite
  25. The harshest disease stage of the parasite in Riverblindness.
    Microfilaria
  26. The harshest disease stage of the parasite in Wuchereia bancrofti.
    Female, adult
  27. The harshest disease stage of the parasite in Dracunculiasis.
    Female, adult
  28. The harshest disease stage of the parasite in Schistosomiasis.
    Eggs
  29. The Tsetse Fly is the ONLY intermediate host for this disease.
    African Sleeping Sickness (Trypanosomiasis - Protist)
  30. The Psymolian Fly is the intermediate host for this disease.
    Riverblindness
  31. The DISEASE portion of the Malaria parasite�s life cycle is called the _?_ .
    Merozoite
  32. The TRANSMISSION portion of the Malaria parasite�s life cycle is called the _?_
    Gametocyte
  33. The INFECTION portion of the Malaria parasite�s life cycle is called the _?_ .
    Sporozoite
  34. Which of the following parasites evades the human immune system by changing its surface antigens EVERY FEW WEEKS and thus �hiding� from the human immune system?
    Trypanosomic Disease
  35. Which of the following parasites evades the human immune system by being INSIDE a human immune system CELL and thus �hiding� from the human immune system ?
    Leishmania
  36. Which of the following parasites evades the human immune system by producing substances that �CUT-OFF� the human immune system or by producing enzymes that �CUT� ANTIBODIES produced against it and thus �hiding� from the human immune system?
    Helminthic Diseases
  37. Which of the following parasites evades the human immune system by �coating� itself with human serum proteins in less than an hour and thus �hiding� from the human immune system?
    Bilharzia
  38. Which of the following Parasitic Diseases do we have some hope of alleviating in the NEAR FUTURE (by common or experimental vaccine(s) or by some other practical means)?
    • Leishmania, Filariasis-Elephantiasis, Dracunculiasis, Bilharzia, Plasmodial, Filariasis-Onchocerciasis
    • NOT: Trypanosomic
  39. Which of the following Parasitic Diseases is thought to require a complex vaccine made against at least 3 out of 4 different life stages?
    Plasmodial
  40. Which of the following parasitic diseases is now WORSE because of our un-coordinated attempt to control it in the past?
    Plasmodial
  41. Which of the following are classified as ROUNDWORM parasitic diseases?
    Dracunculiosis
  42. Which of the following parasitic disease consequences is alleviated by treatment with IVERMECTIN?
    Filariasis
  43. Parasites must kill their hosts to survive. T/F?
    FALSE
  44. The host where sexual reproduction of the parasite takes place is known as the _?_ host.
    Definitive
  45. A reservoir is a _?_ host.
    A "holding container" - animal
  46. Which of the following parasitic diseases involve WATER as a carrier?
    Amoebiasis, Bilharzia, Dracunculiasis and Cryptosporidiasis
  47. Thirty different SANDFLY species are the hosts for:
    Leishmania
  48. The classification of Onchocerca volvulus, Loa loa, Dirofilaria immitis, and Brugia malayi is as a(n)?
    Roundworm/filarial
  49. Merozoites are produced from the _?_.
    Liver
  50. Schizogony is a term that means...
    Multiple fission producing numerous infective cells

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