criminal justice

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criminal justice
2011-12-11 21:48:12
criminal justice ethical consideration test preparation amrit

flash card for my ethical consideration class
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  1. A decrease in correctional officer to inmate violence led to what development in prisons during the 1980’s?
    Gang wars in prison/ prisoners controlling the prison.
  2. In what state prison system
    were “tune-ups” & “lessons” administered to inmates?
    • Texas:
    • Involved verbal humiliation, profanity, shoves, kicks, and head and body slaps.
  3. What is the Tucker telephone?
    an electrical device attached to the genitals of inmates that deliverd sever shocks; formerly used at an Arkansas prison firm.
  4. What is the interdependence that may develop
    between correctional officers & inmates that is characterized by favoritism?
  5. What was the effect of the Prison Litigation
    Reform Act of 1996?
    Limited attorney fees; curtailed the ability of inmates to file lawsuits and made it nearly impossible for courts to order consent decrees/injunctive relief
  6. 1. The prisoners’ rights era of the 1970’s gave way to the _____________ era of today, where courts are more
    apt to defer to prison officials.
    due deference
  7. What has the Supreme Court ruled concerning the execution of someone who committed a crime when he/she was under the age of 18?
    Cruel and unusual
  8. What does the evidence indicate concerning
    private prisons saving money for state governments?
    Reap large profits with inhuman conditions/ they are the same costs
  9. How would the veil of
    ignorance be applied to the rules of punishment?
    The people who are sentencing should believe that they are on the same level as the offender, instead of feeling superior and lengthening the sentence.
  10. Which ethical system is consistent with restorative justice?
    Ethics of justice
  11. Has the Supreme Court overturned the use of
    three-strikes laws?
  12. what is pluralistic ignorance?
    the prevalent misperception of the popularity of a belief among a group because of the influence of a vocal minority.
  13. What type of correctional
    officer is perceived as sympathetic to inmates?
    White Hat
  14. What is stigmatizing shaming?
    the effect of punishment whereby the offender feels cast aside and abandoned by the community.
  15. 1. The Eighth Amendment to the
    Constitution protects all Americans from _____.
    cruel and unusual
  16. Ethical formalism is most consistent with a ________ form of punishment.
  17. Which ethical system can be used to support the 3 rationales of
    punishment including deterrence, incapacitation, and/or treatment?
  18. Detaining only those who are
    at the highest risk of offending or re-offending is referred to as
    Selective incapacitation
  19. Which form of prevention is
    aimed at people other than offenders?
    general deterrence
  20. Penal harm refers to
    The idea that the system intentionally inflicts pain on offenders during their imprisonment or punishment, because merely depriving them of liberty is not sufficiently painful.
  21. The _______ model of
    punishment argues that punishment should be purely retributive and balanced to
    the seriousness of the crime.
  22. Which type of sentencing is based on the seriousness of the crime & is consistent with retributive punishment?

    Just deserts
    Just deserts: Fogel's conceptulization that the punishment of an individual should be limited by the seriousness of the crime, although treatment could be offered.