What is the best method to stop the spread of infection?
What is the purpose of normal flora?
Normal flora are a primary line of defense for the body. They are micro-organisms that normally live within the body without causing disease.
What is the most common HCAI (Health Care Aquired Infection)? How do people get this specific infection?
UTI - urinary tract infection
If you have a sick person with a draining wound in the home, what would you do to prevent the spread of infection in the home?
Wear gloves, place dirty bandages in a zip lock bag, seal and dispose in trash can.
When administering pain meds, it is important to assess the effectiveness of the pain medication in a timely fashion. What is the definition of pain (by the patient) and (don’t even go there with subjective vs. quantitative)
Pain is whatever the patient says it is, wherever the patient says it is.
What is the definition of palliative care.
Unable to cure but can make more comfortable
May include: blood transfusions, surgery, antibiotics, ect.
Five stages of dying
Denial, Anger, Bargaining, Depression, Acceptance
What increases the chance of surviving cancer?
Know the difference between infiltration, infection, phlebitis and venous spasm when the patient states “something is wrong with my IV site”.
Infiltration: skin, cool, and swollen over insertion site
Plhebitis: vein hard, skin red and tender
Systemic IV Response: this is about the blood, not the site
Fluid Overload: Iv infused too quickly resppiratory respnse and or cardiac response
Infection: red, swollen, pus - fever, chills, fatigue
Electrolites Normal Ranges
Sodium: 135 - 145
Potassium: 3.5 - 5.0
Calcium: 8.4 - 10.6
Magnesium 1.2 - 2.1
Phosphate 3.0 - 4.5
PH 7.35 - 7.45
partial or complete tearing of ligaments
pullin or tearing of the muscle, a tendon or both
streaching and tearing of ligaments around a joint with complete displacement of the bone
break in the continuity of the bone
complete, incomplete, communuted closed (simple), open (compound)
Braden scale - staging of pressure ulcers
Stage I: no blanching, redness over bony prominence
Stage II: blister, abrasion, open
Stage III: bacterial infection high subcutaneous tissue destroyed
Causes carbon dioxide in the blood to decrease which may cause:
weakness, fainting, dizziness, confusion, agitation, feeling of being outside self, disphoria, feeling like you can't breath
teletherapy - external radiation, particles alpha, gamma rays pass through the tissue: remove jewerly, check skin
brachytherapy - internal radiation, implantation for short periods. Requires isolation of the patients, limit time spent less that 30 min. in 8 hrs, private rm no one next door, dosimeter must be worn at all times.