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Tuckman’s Five-Stage Theory of Group Development
- 1- Forming - Independence
- 2-Storming - Dependence/ Interdependance
- 3-Norming - Dependence/ Interdependance
- 4-Performing -Return to Independence
Group Development :Forming
- Individual issues- How do I fit in?
- Group Issues- Why are we here?
Group Development: Storming
- Individual issues- what's my role here
- Group issues- why are we here?
Group Develompment: Norming
- Individual issues- What do the others expect me to do?
- Group Issues- Can we agree on roles and work as a team?
Group Develompent: Performing
- Individual issues- How can I best perform my role?
- Group Issues- Can we do the job properly?
Gersick's Punctuated equilibrium model
Group decision making techniques
Interacting groups- Typical groups, in which the members interact with each other face to face.
Nominal Group technique- Individual inputs are pooled.
Brainstormin- An idea-generation process that specifically encourages any and all alternatives, while withholding any criticism of those alternatives.
Socail Loafing- Decrease in individual effort as group size increases.
A loss in productivity due to resources bieng allocated to procedural as oppossed to task issues.
Blocking- When one person is talking it inhibits the ability of the others to simultaneously generate new ideas.
Types of Tasks with group involvment
Additive tasks- Value equal group performance
Conjunctive tasks- everybody takes a peice and it goes down a pipeline.
Disjunctive Tasks- Someone is awesome at a given task so the best thing the remainder of the group cna do is make sure the person is happy.
Social Combination: Social Decision Schemes
Cooperative decision-making groups may resolve disagreement among their members in formulating collective responses using any of five general methods of resolving disagreement (Laughlin & Hollingshead, 1995):
- truth-wins and truth-supported-wins models.
- majority and plurality models.
- 3.Turn taking:
- proportionality model.
- 4.Random selection:
- equiprobability model.
- 5.Generation of an emergent alternative:
- the adoption of an alternative not proposed by any member.
The distortion of individual judgement by a unanimous but incorrect opposition.
Groups and teams
Group- two or more freely interacting individuals, collective norms, collective goals, common identity.
Team: Small group with complimentary skills who hold themselves mutually accountable for common purpose, goals, and approach.
Phycological processes that arouse and direct goal-directed behavior.