Review 2

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  1. Tuckman’s Five-Stage Theory of Group Development
    • 1- Forming - Independence
    • 2-Storming - Dependence/ Interdependance
    • 3-Norming - Dependence/ Interdependance
    • 4-Performing -Return to Independence
  2. Group Development :Forming
    • Individual issues- How do I fit in?
    • Group Issues- Why are we here?
  3. Group Development: Storming
    • Individual issues- what's my role here
    • Group issues- why are we here?
  4. Group Develompment: Norming
    • Individual issues- What do the others expect me to do?
    • Group Issues- Can we agree on roles and work as a team?
  5. Group Develompent: Performing
    • Individual issues- How can I best perform my role?
    • Group Issues- Can we do the job properly?
  6. Gersick's Punctuated equilibrium model
    Image Upload 1
  7. Group decision making techniques
    Interacting groups- Typical groups, in which the members interact with each other face to face.

    Nominal Group technique- Individual inputs are pooled.

    Brainstormin- An idea-generation process that specifically encourages any and all alternatives, while withholding any criticism of those alternatives.
  8. Motivation loss
    Socail Loafing- Decrease in individual effort as group size increases.
  9. Process Loss
    A loss in productivity due to resources bieng allocated to procedural as oppossed to task issues.

    Blocking- When one person is talking it inhibits the ability of the others to simultaneously generate new ideas.
  10. Types of Tasks with group involvment
    Additive tasks- Value equal group performance

    Conjunctive tasks- everybody takes a peice and it goes down a pipeline.

    Disjunctive Tasks- Someone is awesome at a given task so the best thing the remainder of the group cna do is make sure the person is happy.
  11. Social Combination: Social Decision Schemes
    Cooperative decision-making groups may resolve disagreement among their members in formulating collective responses using any of five general methods of resolving disagreement (Laughlin & Hollingshead, 1995):

    • 1.Demonstration:
    • truth-wins and truth-supported-wins models.

    • 2.Voting:
    • majority and plurality models.

    • 3.Turn taking:
    • proportionality model.

    • 4.Random selection:
    • equiprobability model.

    • 5.Generation of an emergent alternative:
    • the adoption of an alternative not proposed by any member.
  12. Asch Effect:
    The distortion of individual judgement by a unanimous but incorrect opposition.
  13. Groups and teams
    Group- two or more freely interacting individuals, collective norms, collective goals, common identity.

    Team: Small group with complimentary skills who hold themselves mutually accountable for common purpose, goals, and approach.
  14. Motivation
    Phycological processes that arouse and direct goal-directed behavior.
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Review 2
review two
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