US HISTORY UNIT 5 REVIEW
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US HISTORY UNIT 5 REVIEW
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What role did the Reconstuction Finance Corporation play in the war effort?
Workers for the Office of Wastewater Management may have helped create weapons and vehicles for the war.
How did the cost-plus syste help speed up war produciton?
sped up war production by providing larger profits for companies that produced a lot.
What is a Liberty Ship?
a slow cargo ship built during World War II.
What was the purpose of the Selective Service and Training Act?
established the first US peacetime DRAFT.
How were African Americans treated in the army?
they often were treated unequally
Who was the commander of the U.S. Navy in the Pacific?
Admiral Robert F. Willard
What was the outcome of the Doolittle Raid?
Doolittle and Duncan had determined that the B-25 was the best airplane for the mission.
What was the purpose of the American convoy system?
a group of merchant vessels sailing together, for mutual security & protection.
Why was the Batttle of Stalingrad considered a major turning point of the war?
It lasted 200 days and ended on February 2, 1943, most of the German troops were killed.
Who was "Rosie the Riveter"?
a fictional portrayal of the thousands of women who went to work in factories for WWII and a cultural feminist icon.
What happened to Japanese Americans during WWII?
apanese Americans were taken to camps to live with other Japanese Americans, where they had no rights.
What did the American government encourage people and business to do to ensure there were enough necessities to supply the war effort?
They ensured that there were enough necessities for the war effort by stockpiling them when we were at peace.
What was the purpose of E Bonds?
War bonds are debt securities issued by a government for the purpose of financing military operations during times of war.
What did Stalin agree to at the Tehran Conference?
the next major campaign for British and Americans would be the invasion of western France
What was Operation Overlord?
code name for the Allied invasion of France in 1944, which commenced on the beaches of Normandy.
What events took place on D-Day?
On Sunday, December 7, 1941, the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.
Which battle marked the beginning of General MacArthur's campaign to take back the Philippines?
A day after the Japanese attack on Peal Harbor, Japan carried out air strikes on the Philippines and destroyed half of MacArthur's air force.
When did the war end in the Pacific?
In Japan, Aug. 14, 1945 is considered to be the day that the Pacific War ended.
What was the significance of the Battle of the Bulge?
fought over the winter months of 1944 - 1945, was the last major Nazi offensive against the Allies etc.
Why was Iwo Jima an important objective for the American military?
U.S. bombers to Japan needed Iwo Jima as a strategic emergency landing area for returning bomber crews. It was occupied.
What was the chemical used in the firebombs that dropped on Japan?
The bomb was created using uranium-235, a radioactive isotope of uranium.
What was the importance of the Manhattan Project?
The ninety-second element, is an example of a fissionable atom and was vital to the Manhattan Project.
What happened to German and Japanese military leaders after WWII?
They kicked the leaders out.
What was the first meeting of the United Nations like?
51 nations represented, and the Security Council, took place in Westminster Central Hall in London in January 1946.