IDTA Associate Theory - RUMBA.txt

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Markaich
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123029
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IDTA Associate Theory - RUMBA.txt
Updated:
2012-12-11 08:11:49
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Latin Dancing Rumba Laird Theory Exam1
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Description:
IDTA Theory for the Associate Rumba Module
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  1. Basic Movement, Men's Foot Positions
    • Step 1. LEFT foot forward. TOE turned out
    • Step 2. RIGHT foot in place
    • Step 3. LEFT foot to the SIDE & slightly BACK
    • Step 4. RIGHT foot back
    • Step 5. LEFT foot in place
    • Step 6. RIGHT foot to the side and slightly forward
  2. Basic Movement, Men's Footwork
    Ball flat throughout
  3. Basic Movement, Men's Action Used
    • Step 1. Checked forward walk
    • Step 2. Weight transfer in place
    • Step Step 3. Backward walk turning
    • Step 4. Backward walk
    • Step 5. Weight transfer in place
    • Step 6. Forward walk turning
  4. Basic Movement, Men's Body Turn
    • Step 1. No turn
    • Step 2. Slightly to LEFT
    • Step 3. To LEFT
    • Step 4 No turn
    • Step 5. Slightly to LEFT
    • Step 6. To LEFT
    • OVERALL approximately 1/4 turn to left
  5. Basic Movement, Shaping
    Close hold throughout
  6. Basic Movement, Lady's Foot Position
    • Step 1. RIGHT foot back
    • Step 2. LEFT foot in place
    • Step 3. RIGHT foot side & slightly forward
    • Step 4. LEFT foot forward, TOE turned out
    • Step 5. RIGHT foot in place
    • Step 6. LEFT foot side & slightly back
  7. Basic Movement, Lady's footwork
    Ball Flat throughout
  8. Basic Movement, Lady's Action
    • Step 1. Backward walk
    • Step 2. Weight transfer in place
    • Step 3. Forward walk turning
    • Step 4. Checked forward walk
    • Step 5. Weight transfer in place
    • Step 6. Backward walk turning
  9. Basic Movement, Lady's body turn
    • Step 1. no turn
    • Step 2. Slightly to LEFT
    • Step 3. to LEFT
    • Step 4. no turn
    • Step 5. Slightly to LEFT
    • Step 6. to LEFT
    • Overall: 1/4 turn to LEFT
  10. Fan, Men's Foot Position
    • Step 1. RIGHT foot back
    • Step 2. LEFT foot in place
    • Step 3. RIGHT foot to side & slightly forward
  11. Fan, Men's Footwork
    Ball flat throughout
  12. Fan, Men's Action
    • Step 1. Backward walk
    • Step 2. Weight transfer in place
    • Step 3. Foward walk turning
  13. Fan, Men's body turn
    • Step 1. no turn
    • Step 2 & 3. LEFT 1/8
  14. Fan, Shaping
    • Step 1. Start in Close Hold then lower left hand leading lady forward to a closer position
    • Step 2. Release right hand
    • Step 3. Finish in Fan Position
  15. Fan, Lady's foot position
    • Step 1. LEFT Foot forward
    • Step 2. RIGHT foot back & slightly to the side
    • Step 3. LEFT foot back
  16. Fan, Lady's footwork
    Ball flat throughout
  17. Fan, Lady's Action
    • Step 1. Forward walk
    • Step 2. Forward walk truning
    • Step 3. Backward walk
  18. Fan, Lady's Body turn
    • Step 1. No turn
    • Step 2. 1/8 turn to LEFT
    • Step 3. 1/4 turn to LEFT
  19. Hockey Stick, Men's Foot position
    • Step 1. LEFT foot forward, TOE turned out
    • Step 2. RIGHT foot in place
    • Step 3. LEFT foot closed to right foot
    • Step 4. RIGHT foot back
    • Step 5. LEFT foot in place
    • Step 6. RIGHT foot forward
  20. Hockey Stick, Men's Foot work
    Ball flat throughout
  21. Hockey Stick, Men's Action
    • Step 1-3 Forward cucaracha
    • Step 4. Backward walk
    • Step 5. Weight transfer in place
    • Step 5. Forward walk
  22. Hockey Stick, Men's Body Turn
    • Step 1-3 no turn
    • Step 4-6 1/8 to RIGHT
  23. Hockey Stick, Shaping
    • Start in Fan position
    • Step 3, LEFT arm raised indicating a trun to lady's LEFT
    • Finish in open poition, L-R
  24. Hockey Stick, Lady's Foot Position
    • Step 1. RIGHT foot closed to left
    • Step 2. LEFT foot forward
    • Step 3. RIGHT foot forward
    • Step 4. LEFT foot worward
    • Step 5. RIGHT foot back & slightly to side
    • Step 6 LEFT foot back
  25. Hockey Stick, Lady's foot work
    Ball flat throughout
  26. Hockey Stick, Ladies Action
    • Step 1. Foot close with weight change
    • Step 2. Forward walk
    • Step 3. Forward walk
    • Step 4. Forward walk
    • Step 5. Forward walk turning
    • Step 6. Backward walk
  27. Hockey Stick, Ladies body turn
    • Step 1-3 no turn
    • Step 4. 1/8 LEFT
    • Step 5. 3/8 LEFT
    • Step 6. 1/8 LEFT
  28. Spot Turn to LEFT, Men's foot position
    • Step 1. RIGHT foot forward and across body turning to finish RIGHT foot back & slightly to side
    • Step 2. LEFT foot in place
    • Step 3. RIGHT foot to side
  29. Spot Turn to LEFT, Men's Foot work
    Ball flat throughout
  30. Spot Turn to LEFT, Men's Action
    • Step 1. Forward walk turning
    • Step 2. Weight transfer in place
    • Step 3. Forward walk turning
  31. Spot Turn to LEFT, Men's body turn
    Step 1-3 one full turn to LEFT
  32. Spot Turn to LEFT, Shaping
    Start and Finish in Open Hold, no hold
  33. Spot Turn to LEFT, Lady's Foot Position
    • Step 1. LEFT foot forward across body turning to finish LEFT foot back & slightly to side
    • Step 2. RIGHT foot in place
    • Step 3. LEFT foot to side
  34. Spot Turn to LEFT, Lady's footwork
    Ball flat throughout
  35. Spot Turn to LEFT, Lady's Action
    • Step 1. Forward walk turning
    • Step 2. Weight transfer in plave
    • Step 3. Forward walk turning
  36. Spot Turn to LEFT, Lady's body turn
    Step 1-3. One full turn to RIGHT
  37. Underarm turn to LADY's RIGHT, Men's Foot Position
    • Step 1. RIGHT foot back
    • Step 2. LEFT foot in place
    • Step 3. RIGHT foot to side
  38. Underarm turn to LADY's RIGHT, Men's Foot work
    Ball Flat throughout
  39. Underarm turn to LADY's RIGHT, Men's Action
    • Step 1. Backward walk
    • Step 2. Weight transfer in place
    • Step 3. Side step
  40. Underarm turn to LADY's RIGHT, Men's body turn
    No turn
  41. Underarm turn to LADY's RIGHT, Shaping
    • Start on Open Position L-R
    • Move LEFT hand in a circle over the lady's right shoulder allowing her to turn to the right
    • Finish in Open Position L-R
    • Can finish in Close Hold.
  42. Underarm turn to LADY's RIGHT, Lady's foot position
    • Step 1. LEFT foot forward across body turning to finish LEFT foot back and slightly to the side
    • Step 2. RIGHT foot in place
    • Step 3. LEFT foot to side
  43. Underarm turn to LADY's RIGHT, Lady's foot work
    Ball flat throughout
  44. Underarm turn to LADY's RIGHT, Lady's Action
    • Step 1. Forward walk turning
    • Step 2. Weight transfer in place
    • Step 3. Forward walk turning
  45. Underarm turn to LADY's RIGHT, Lady's body turn
    Step 1-3. One full turn to RIGHT
  46. Spot Turn to RIGHT, Man's Foot Positions
    • Step 1. LEFT foot forward and across body turning to end with LEFT foot back and slightly to the side.
    • Step 2. RIGHT foot in place
    • Step 3. LEFT foot to side
  47. Spot Turn to RIGHT, Man's Footwork
    Ball Flat Throughout
  48. Spot Turn to RIGHT, Man's Action
    • Step 1. Forward walk turning
    • Step 2. Weight transfer in place
    • Step 3. Forward walk turning
  49. Spot Turn to RIGHT, Man's Body Turn
    Step 1-3. One complete turn to the RIGHT
  50. Spot Turn to Right, Shaping
    Start and finish in Open Position, no hold
  51. Spot Turn to Right, Lady's Foot Position
    • Step 1. RIGHT foot forward and across body turning to end with RIGHT foot back and slightly to the side
    • Step 2. LEFT foot in place
    • Step 3. RIGHT foot to side
  52. Spot Turn to Right, Lady's Footwork
    Ball flat throughout
  53. Spot Turn to Right, Lady's Action
    • Step 1. Forward walk turning
    • Step 2. Weight transfer in place
    • Step 3. Forward walk turning
  54. Spot Turn to Right, Lady's Body Turn
    Step 1-3. One complete turn to Left
  55. Underarm Turn to Lady's Left, Man's Foot Positions
    • Step 1. LEFT foot forward, TOE turned out (outside partner)
    • Step 2. RIGHT foot in place
    • Step 3. LEFT foot back and slightly to the side
  56. Underarm Turn to Lady's Left, Man's Footwork
    Ball Flat throughout
  57. Underarm Turn to Lady's Left, Man's Action
    • Step 1. Checked forward walk
    • Step 2. Weight transfer in place
    • Step 3. Backward walk turning
  58. Underarm Turn to Lady's Left, Man's Body Turn
    • Step 1-2. No turn
    • Step 3. 1/8 to Left
  59. Underarm Turn to Lady's Left, Shaping
    • Commence in Open CPP (1/8 turn to R)
    • Circle Left hand over lady's right shoulder indicating a turn to the left
    • Finish in Open Position (L-R)
    • Can finish in Close Hold
  60. Underarm Turn to Lady's Left, Lady's Foot Position
    • Step 1. RIGHT foot foward across body turning to finish RIGHT foot back and slightly to the side
    • Step 2. LEFT foot in place
    • Step 3. RIGHT foot to the side and slightly forward
  61. Underarm Turn to Lady's Left, Lady's Footwork
    Ball Flat throughout
  62. Underarm Turn to Lady's Left, Lady's Action
    • Step 1. Forward walk turning
    • Step 2. Weight transfer in place
    • Step 3 Forward walk turning
  63. Underarm Turn to Lady's Left, Lady's Body Turn
    Step 1-3. 7/8 turn to left
  64. Check from Open CPP, Men's Foot Position
    • Step 1. LEFT foot forward in Open CPP, TOE turned out
    • Step 2. RIGHT foot in place
    • Step 3. LEFT foot to side
  65. Check from Open CPP, Men's Footwork
    Ball flat throughout
  66. Check from Open CPP, Men's Action
    • Step 1. Checked forward walk
    • Step 2. Weight transfer in place
    • Step 3. Side step
  67. Check from Open CPP, Men's Body Turn
    • Step 1. 1/8 to Right (started during previous beat of music)
    • Step 2-3. 1/4 turn to left , 3/8 turn if finish in Open PP
  68. Check from Open CPP, Shaping
    • Start in Open CPP,
    • Finish in Open position (L-R)
  69. Check from Open CPP, Lady's Foot Position
    • Step 1. RIGHT foot forward in Open CPP, TOE turned out
    • Step 2. LEFT foot in place
    • Step 3. RIGHT foot to side
  70. Check from Open CPP, Ladies Footwork
    Ball Flat throughout
  71. Check from Open CPP, Ladies Action
    • Step 1. Checked forward walk
    • Step 2. Weight transfer in place
    • Step 3. Side step
  72. Check from Open CPP, Ladies Body Turn
    • Step 1. 1/8 to Left, started during previous music beat
    • Step 2-3, 1/4 to Right, 3/8 if ending in Open PP
  73. Check from Open PP, Men's Foot Position
    • Step 1. RIGHT foot forward in Open PP, TOE turned out
    • Step 2. LEFT foot in place
    • Step 3. RIGHT foot to side
  74. Check from Open PP, Men's Footwork
    Ball flat throughout
  75. Check from Open PP, Men's Action
    • Step 1. Checked forward walk
    • Step 2. Weight transfer in place
    • Step 3. Side step
  76. Check from Open PP, Men's Body Turn
    • Step 1. 1/8 to Left (started during previous beat of music)
    • Step 2-3. 1/4 turn to Right , 3/8 turn if finish in Open PP
  77. Check from Open PP, Shaping
    • Start in Open CPP,
    • Finish in Open position (R-L)
  78. Check from Open PP, Lady's Foot Position
    • Step 1. LEFT foot forward in Open PP, TOE turned out
    • Step 2. RIGHT foot in place
    • Step 3. LEFT foot to side
  79. Check from Open PP, Ladies Footwork
    Ball Flat throughout
  80. Check from Open PP, Ladies Action
    • Step 1. Checked forward walk
    • Step 2. Weight transfer in place
    • Step 3. Side step
  81. Check from Open PP, Ladies Body Turn
    • Step 1. 1/8 to Right, started during previous music beat
    • Step 2-3, 1/4 to Left, 3/8 if ending in Open PP
  82. Hand to Hand: Man's Foot Position
    • Step 1: LEFT foot back in Open Fallaway Position
    • Step 2: RIGHT foot in place
    • Step 3: LEFT foot to side
    • Step 4: RIGHT foot back in Open Fallaway Position
    • Step 5: LEFT foor in place
    • Step 6: RIGHT foot to side
    • Step 7: LEFT foot back in Open Fallaway Position
    • Step 8: RIGHT foot in place
    • Step 9: LEFT foot to side
  83. Hand to Hand: Man's Footwork
    Ball Flat throughout
  84. Hand to Hand: Man's Action Used
    • Step 1: Backward walk
    • Step 2: Weight transfer in place
    • Step 3: Forward walk turning
    • Step 4: Backward walk
    • Step 5: Weight transfer in place
    • Step 6: Forward walk turning
    • Step 7: Backward walk
    • Step 8: Weight transfer in place
    • Step 9: Forward walk turning
  85. Hand to Hand: Man's body turn
    • Step 1: 1/4 Left, commenced on previous beat
    • Step 2: no turn
    • Step 3: 1/4 Right
    • Step 4: 1/4 Right, commenced on previous beat
    • Step 5: no turn
    • Step 6: 1/4 Left
    • Step 7: 1/4 Left, commenced on previous beat
    • Step 8: no turn
    • Step 9: 1/4 Right
  86. Hand to Hand: Shaping
    • Step 1: start in Open Position (R-L) then achieve Open Fallaway Position
    • Step 3: Open position (L-R)
    • Step 4: Achieve Open Fallaway Position
    • Step 6: Open position (R-L);
    • Step 7: Achieve Open Fallaway Position
    • Step 9: Open position (L-R)
    • Figure can be finished on step 6 in Open CPP
  87. Hand to Hand: Lady's Foot Position
    • Step 1: RIGHT foot back in Open Fallaway Position
    • Step 2: LEFT foot in place
    • Step 3: RIGHT foot to side
    • Step 4: LEFT foot back in Open Fallaway Position
    • Step 5: RIGHT foor in place
    • Step 6: LEFT foot to side
    • Step 7: RIGHT foot back in Open Fallaway Position
    • Step 8: LEFT foot in place
    • Step 9: RIGHT foot to side
  88. Hand to Hand: Lady's Footwork
    Ball Flat throughout
  89. Hand to Hand: Lady's Action Used
    • Step 1: Backward walk
    • Step 2: Weight transfer in place
    • Step 3: Forward walk turning
    • Step 4: Backward walk
    • Step 5: Weight transfer in place
    • Step 6: Forward walk turning
    • Step 7: Backward walk
    • Step 8: Weight transfer in place
    • Step 9: Forward walk turning
  90. Hand to Hand: Lady's body turn
    • Step 1: 1/4 Right, commenced on previous beat
    • Step 2: no turn
    • Step 3: 1/4 Left
    • Step 4: 1/4 Left, commenced on previous beat
    • Step 5: no turn
    • Step 6: 1/4 Right
    • Step 7: 1/4 Right, commenced on previous beat
    • Step 8: no turn
    • Step 9: 1/4 Left
  91. Natural Top: Man's Foot Position
    • Step 1: Right foot crossed behind left
    • Step 2: Left foot to the side and slightly forward
    • Step 3: Right foot crossed behind left
    • Step 4: Left foot to side and slightly forward
    • Step 5: Right foot crossed behind left
    • Step 6: Left foot to side and slightly forward
    • Step 7: Right foot crossed behind left
    • Step 8: Left foot to the side and slightly forward
    • Step 9: Right foot closed to left
  92. Natural Top: Man's Footwork
    • Step 1: THT
    • Step 2: Ball Flat
    • Step 3: THT
    • Step 4: Ball Flat
    • Step 5: THT
    • Step 6: Ball Flat
    • Step 7: THT
    • Step 8: Ball Flat
    • Step 9: Ball Flat
  93. Natural Top: Man's Action Used
    • Step 1: Delayed Backward Walk; Latin Cross
    • Step 2: Side step
    • Step 3: Delayed backward walk; Latin Cross
    • Step 4: Side step
    • Step 5: Delayed backward walk; Latin Cross
    • Step 6: Side step
    • Step 7: Delayed backward walk; Latin Cross
    • Step 8: Side step
    • Step 9: Foot close with weight change
  94. Natural top: Man's Body Turn
    Steps 1-9: 1/4 to Right, achieving 2.1/4 turns over the whole figure
  95. Natural Top: Shaping
    Close Hold throughout
  96. Natural Top: Lady's Foot Position
    • Step 1: Left to side and slightly back
    • Step 2: Right foot forward across left
    • Step 3: Left foot to the side and slightly back
    • Step 4: Right foot forward across left
    • Step 5: Left foot to the side and slightly back
    • Step 6: Right foot forward across left
    • Step 7: Left foot to the side and slightly back
    • Step 8: Right foot forward and across left
    • Step 9: Left foot to side
  97. Natural Top: Lady's Footwork
    Ball Flat throughout
  98. Natural Top: Lady's Action Used
    Steps 1-9: Forward Walk turning (circling) sharply to the Right
  99. Natural Top: Lady's Body Turn
    Steps 1-9: 1/4 to Right
  100. Close Hip Twist: Man's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: Left foot to side
    • Step 2: Right foot in place
    • Step 3: Left foot close to right
    • Step 4: Right foot back
    • Step 5: Left foot in plcae
    • Step 6: Right foot to the side and slightly forward
  101. Close Hip Twist: Man's Footwork
    All Ball Flat except Step 2 which is Flat
  102. Close Hip Twist: Man's Action Used
    • Steps 1-3: Side Cucaracha
    • Step 4: Backward walk
    • Step 5: Weight transfer in place
    • Step 6: Forward walk turning
  103. Close Hip Twist: Man's Body Turn
    • Step 1-5: no turn
    • Step 6: 1/8 turn left
  104. Close Hip Twist: Shaping
    • Step 1: Start in Close Hold then lower left arm
    • Step 3: recover Close hold
    • Step 4: Lower left arm
    • Step 5: Release Right Hand hold
    • Step 6: Finish in Fan position
  105. Close Hip Twist: Lady's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: Right foot back
    • Step 2: Left foot in place
    • Step 3: Right foot forward and across body
    • Step 4: Left foot forward, across body
    • Step 5: Right foot back and slightly to the side
    • Step 6: Left foot back
  106. Close Hip Twist: Lady's Footwork
    All Ball Flat except Step 3, which is Toe Flat
  107. Close Hip Twist: Lady's Action Used
    • Step 1: Backward walk
    • Step 2: Weight transfer in place then swivel to Left
    • Step 3: Delayed forward walk (bent knee) then swivel to Right
    • Step 4: Forward walk
    • Step 5: Forward walk turining
    • Step 6: Backward walk
  108. Close Hip Twist: Lady's Body Turn
    • Step 1: 1/2 turn Right
    • Step 2-3: 1/2 turn Left
    • Step 4: 1/4 turn right, started on previous beat
    • Step 5: 3/8 turn left
    • Step 6: 1/4 turn left
  109. Alemana: Man's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: Left foot forward, toe turned out
    • Step 2: Right foot in place
    • Step 3: Left foot closed to right
    • Step 4: Right foot back
    • Step 5: Left foot in place
    • Step 6: Right foot closed to left
  110. Alemana: Man's Footwork
    Ball Flat throughout except Step 5, which is Flat
  111. Alemana: Man's Action Used
    • Steps 1-3: Forward Cucaracha (Checked forward walk; weight transfer in place; foot close with weight change)
    • Steps 4-6: Back Cucaracha (backward walk; weight transfer in place; foot close with weight change)
  112. Alemana: Man's Body Turn
    no turn
  113. Alemana: Shaping
    • Start in Fan Position
    • Step 3, Left arm raised, indicating a turn to the right
    • Step 6: Finish in Close Hold
  114. Alemana: Lady's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: Right foot close to left
    • Step 2: Left foot forward
    • Step 3: Right foot forward
    • Step 4: Left foot forward across body without weight then turn to finish with left foot back
    • Step 5: Right foot forward
    • Step 6: Left foot forward
  115. Alemana: Lady's Footwork
    Ball Flat throughout except Step 4, which is outside edge of toe, flat
  116. Alemana: Lady's Action Used
    • Step 1: Foot close with weight change
    • Step 2: Forward walk
    • Step 3: Forward walk
    • Step 4: Delayed Forward Walk (knee straight)
    • Step 5: Forward walk then swivel to right
    • Step 6: Forward walk
  117. Alemana: Lady's Body Turn
    • Step 1-2: No turn
    • Step 3: 1/8 Right
    • Step 4: 3/4 Right
    • Step 5-6: 3/8 Right
  118. Alemana from Open Position (L-R), Man's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: Left foot forward, toe turned out
    • Step 2: Right foot in place
    • Step 3: Left foot closed to right
    • Step 4: Right foot back
    • Step 5: Left foot in place
    • Step 6: Right foot closed to left
  119. Alemana from Open Position (L-R): Man's Footwork
    Ball Flat throughout except Step 5, which is Flat
  120. Alemana from Open Position (L-R): Man's Action Used
    • Steps 1-3: Forward Cucaracha (Checked forward walk; weight transfer in place; foot close with weight change)
    • Steps 4-6: Back Cucaracha (backward walk; weight transfer in place; foot close with weight change)
  121. Alemana from Open Position (L-R): Man's Body Turn
    no turn
  122. Alemana from Open Position (L-R): Shaping
    • Start in Open Position (L-R)
    • Step 3, Left arm raised, indicating a turn to the right
    • Step 6: Finish in Close Hold
  123. Alemana from Open Position (L-R): Lady's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: Right back
    • Step 2: Left foot in place
    • Step 3: Right foot forward
    • Step 4: Left foot forward across body without weight then turn to finish with left foot back
    • Step 5: Right foot forward
    • Step 6: Left foot forward
  124. Alemana from Open Position (L-R): Lady's Footwork
    Ball Flat throughout except Step 4, which is outside edge of toe, flat
  125. Alemana from Open Position (L-R): Lady's Action Used
    • Step 1: Backward walk
    • Step 2: Weight transfer in place
    • Step 3: Forward walk
    • Step 4: Delayed Forward Walk (knee straight)
    • Step 5: Forward walk then swivel to right
    • Step 6: Forward walk
  126. Alemana from Open Position (L-R): Lady's Body Turn
    • Step 1-3: No turn
    • Step 4: 1/2 Right
    • Step 5-6: 1/2 Right
  127. Open Hip Twist: Man's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: Left foot forward, toe turned out
    • Step 2: Right foot in place
    • Step 3: Left Foot to to Right instep
    • Step 4: Right foot back
    • Step 5: Left foot in place
    • Step 6: Right foot to the side and slightly forward
  128. Open Hip Twist: Man's Footwork
    Ball Flat throughout
  129. Open Hip Twist: Man's Action Used
    • Steps 1-3: Forward Cucaracha (Checked forward walk; weight transfer in place; Foot close with weight change)
    • Step 4: Backward walk
    • Step 5: Weight transfer in place
    • Setp 6: Forward walk turning
  130. Open Hip Twist: Man's Body Turn
    No turn until Step 6, then 1/8 Left
  131. Open Hip Twist: Shaping
    • Start in Open Position (L-R)
    • Step 3: Left hand almost on left hip
    • Step 6: Finish in Fan position
  132. Open Hip Twist: Lady's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: Right foot back
    • Step 2: Left foot in place
    • Step 3: Right foot forward
    • Step 4: Left foot forward across body
    • Step 5: Right foot back and slightly to the side
    • Step 6: Left foot back
  133. Open Hip Twist: Lady's Footwork
    Ball Flat throughout
  134. Open Hip Twist: Lady's Action Used
    • Step 1: Backward walk
    • Step 2: Weight transfer in place
    • Step 3: Forward walk then swivel to Right
    • Step 4: Forward walk
    • Step 5: Forward walk turning
    • Step 6: Backward walk
  135. Open Hip Twist: Lady's Body Turn
    • Step 1-3: no turn
    • Step 4: 1/4 turn right commenced on previous beat
    • Step 5: 3/8 Left
    • Step 6: 1/4 Left
  136. Expalin Time Signature
    • The Rumba time signature is 4/4
    • where the first number denotes the number of beats in a bar, and
    • the second number denotes the value of those beats (i.e. 4 = 4 quarters of a note = crotchet)
  137. Explain Rhythm
    • Rhythm is the regular occurence of an accented beat or beats in the music
    • it gives character to the music and dance
    • its signature, how we recognise the dance
    • in Rumba there is are two percussive accents, a slight one on beat 2 with a predominant accent on the 4th beat
  138. Explain Tempo
    • tempo is the speed at which the music is played
    • defined in bars per minute (sometimes beats per minute)
    • for Rumba this is 27 bars per minute (=108 beats)
  139. Explain Timing and Beat Value
    • Timing is the way we count the passing of the music to ourselves and our pupils
    • Helps us identify and control when things happen in the dance
    • For Rumba the timing is 2, 3, 4.1, where
    • A step is taken on the first half of the beat, with hip settling happening on the remainder of the step
    • -> first step in a bar is taken on beat 2 on 1/2 beat and we settle (hips) on & (2&)
    • -> next step is taken on beat 3 then settle (hips) (3&)
    • -> finally, we step on beat 4 and settle (hips) on &1&
  140. Some Principles for Rumba at Associate
    • Footwork is Ball Flat throughout except for Delayed Walks (Nat Top, Alemana & Close Hip twist) and Curcarachas (Alemana, Open Hip Twist, Close Hip Twist)
    • For side steps, if following step is crossing in front then foot position is 'side and slightly back'
    • For side steps, if following step is crossing behind then foot position is 'side and slightly forward'
  141. Describe the Rumba Poise
    • Stand naturally with feet together and shoulders relaxed and level
    • Straighten the spine and raise the rib cage without raising the shoulders
    • Take a step to the side and transfer weight to the supporting leg, locking the knee
    • The other leg is straightened without locking the knee
    • Weight is fully transferred to the supporting leg, allowing the pelvis to move sideways and back
    • The weight is felt near the heel of the supporting foot
    • This pelvic settling does not alter the position of the upper body
  142. Figures Ending in Close Hold
    • Basic Movement
    • Natural Top
    • Alemana
    • Alemana from Open Position
    • Underarm turns can end in Close Hold
  143. Figures Ending in Fan Position
    • Fan
    • Open Hip Twist
    • Close Hip Twist
  144. Figures Ending in Open Position
    • Hockey Stick
    • Spot Turns
    • Checks
    • Hand to Hand
    • Fan, Close & Open Hip Twists end in open if man turns 3/8 rather than 1/8 to left
  145. List Exceptions to Ball Flat Footwork
    • Natural Top: Man's Steps 1,3,5 & 7, which are delayed backward walks THT
    • Close Hip Twist: Lady's Step 3, which is delayed forward walk Toe Flat (then swivel to Right)
    • Alemana: Lady's Step 4, which is a delayed forward walk outside edge of toe then flat
    • Cucaracha (except forward): Man's Step 2 is Flat
  146. List amount of turn and end position for Forward Walk Turning
    • 1/8 turn ends to side and slightly forward
    • 1/4 turn ends to side
    • 3/8 turn end back and slightly to side (this is the maximum turn)
    • Exceptions:
    • Fan: lady's step 2 ends back and slightly to side after 1/8 turn
    • Spot Turns: Man and Lady Step 1
  147. Describe Forward Walk
    • Assume correct poise and balance
    • Take one foot behind with no weight
    • Movement begins with the body
    • Just before point of imbalance, foot begins to move, toe then ball of foot with slight pressure into floor
    • Just before foot arrives in position the leg straightens
    • Weight is transferred by lowering moving heel and releasing stationery
    • Stationery leg retains some tension and is straightened; turns 1/16 outward to control the full weight transfer
    • Weight settles at a rate depending on the beat value of the step
  148. Describe Backward Walk
    • Assume correct poise and balance
    • Take one foot in front with out weight
    • The foot is moved, ball first then toe under the body with slight pressure into the floor but without affecting the poise; knee is slightly flexed
    • Movement continues to a point where the full weight can just confortably be retained on the stationey leg with its knew straight
    • Weight is transferred by lowering moving heel and releasing the stationery heel at a rate the depends of the beat value of the step
    • Tension is maintained in the stationery leg with the heel lightly touching or just released from thr floor
    • At the end of the move, the moving leg turns approximately 1/16 outward naturally (inherent turn)
  149. Discuss Checked Forward Wallk
    • There are occasions when we need to change direction with little or no turn; this is achieved with the Checked Forward Walk.
    • The Checked Forward Walk is like the normal forward walk except:
    • - the stepping foot moves to a position in advance of the body (in reality, the body does not 'catch up' with the foot)
    • - only part weight is transferred to the stepping foot
    • - the toe of the stepping foot is turned out approximately 1/16
    • - the knee of the stationary foot is flexed and allowed to approach the stepping knee (but not too much)
  150. Discuss Delayed Walks
    • Delayed walks are used to enhance rhythmic interpretation of the music.
    • The foot is moved to position without full weight transfer
    • Weight is transferred later than normal with turn appropriate to the step, when the knee is straightend
    • There are three types of Delayed Walk
    • 1. Delayed forward walk with flexed knee (used when follow by a turn toward the stepping foot, e.g. ladies Close Hip Twist, step 3)
    • 2. Delayed forward walk with straight knee (used when follow by a turn away from the stepping foot, e.g. ladies Alemana, stem 4)
    • 3. Delayed backward walk with flexed knee (e.g. man's Natural Top, steps 1, 3 ,5 & 7)
  151. Discuss Forward (and Backward) Walk Turning
    • For occations when we need to change direction but continue moving forward (or backward)
    • This is achieved by taking a step in the initial direction then gradually during to face the new direction during the 'settling' phase of the walk
    • Foot positions vary depending the amount of turn as follows:
    • 1/8 - foot is to the side and slighly forward (back)
    • 1/4 - foot is to the side
    • 3/8 - foot is backward (forward) and slightly to the side
    • the maximum that can practically be turned is 3/8, with any additional turn completed during the following step
  152. Describe Close Hold
    • Dancers stand facing one another approximately 6" (15cm) apart
    • The lady is slightly to the right of the man
    • Weight is on either foot with the lady standing normally opposite
    • The man's right hand is placed on the lady's back, cupping just below her left shoulder blade
    • His right arm is held in a gentle curve with his elbow at approximately chest height
    • The left arm follows a similar curve but the forearm is raised
    • The left hand, with straight wrist, is held at approximately nose height and gently holds the lady's right hand on an imaginary line between the two bodies
    • The ladys left hand is placed gently on the man's right shoulder
    • He left arm rests lightly on the man's right arm, following the same curve.
  153. Describe Promenade Position
    • From Close Hold both dancers turn outward, man to left lady to right
    • Turn can be between 1/8 and 1/4 each and the man's left arm is lowered
    • Hips, depending on following figure will be between 6" (15) apart and touching
    • If hips are in close proximity, the man's right arm is placed on her right shoulder blade and her left arm is placed across his back at approximately the man's shoulder blade level
  154. Describe Fallaway Position
    From promenade position, both dancers step backward, man on left foot, lady on right
  155. Describe Open Position
    • Dancers stand facing one another at approximately arms' length
    • Weight is on either foot with lady standing normally opposite
    • Hand hold in open position will depend on the following figure and can be
    • - no hold
    • - man's left to lady's right
    • - man's right to lady's left
    • - man's right to lady's right
    • - man's left to lady's left
    • - both hands
  156. Describe Open Promenade Position
    • From Open position, man and lady turn between 1/8 and 1/4 outward, man to left, ladt to right
    • in the 1/8 position, foot position is "side in open promenade position"
    • in the 1/4 position, foot position is "forward in open promenade position"
    • With L to R hand hold, turn out is limited to 1/8
  157. Describe Open Counter Promenade Position
    • From Open Position, man and lady turn between 1/8 and 1/4 outward, man to right lady to left
    • in the 1/8 position, foot position is "side in open promenade position"
    • in the 1/4 position, foot position is "forward in open promenade position"
  158. Describe Open Fallaway Position
    • From Open Position, man and turn outward 1/4
    • if started in L-R hand hold, man steps back on right foot, lady left foot
    • if started in R-L hand hold, man steps back on left foot, lady on right
  159. Describe Fan Position
    • Man stands on his right foot, which is to the side and slightly forward (following forward walk turning)
    • His right arm is held to the side flexed, just below shoulder height
    • His left arm is held almost at arms length, palm upward holding the lady's right hand gently, with his thumb on top of her hand
    • The ladys stands at right angles to the man
    • The lady's right arm is held flexed, just below shoulder height
    • Her left foot is back supporting her whole weight following a backward walk
    • Her left arm is held to the side, slightly flexed just below shoulder height
    • An imaginary line drawn from her feet would pass approximately 6" (15cm) in front of the man
  160. Discuss the Cucaracha
    • these are pressure steps normally danced by the man
    • they consist of three steps normally made without turn
    • the first step can be taken backward, sideways, diagonally or forward
    • it is a 'checked step' where only partial weight is collected on the stepping leg and its toe is turned out
    • on the second step, full weight is transferred to the supporting foot, in place
    • on the third step, the stepping foot is closed to the supporting foot
    • the heel of the supporting foot is not released, except with the forward cucaracha
    • Footwork is: Step 1 - ball flat; Step 2 - flat (except for forward cucaracha); Step 3 - ball flat

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