Card Set Information

2012-02-25 04:37:42

1.2.3 and ground
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  1. Amidarone
    (Anti Arrhythmic VT,VF)

    • Effect: Slow the Condcution
    • S.E: Hypotension

    Antirrythmic agent- used for various types of tachyarrhythmias (fast forms of irregular heart beat), both ventricular and supraventricular (atrial) arrhythmias.increases the refractory period ,slows intra-cardiac conduction of the cardiac action potential
  2. Dobutamine
    • E: Increase the contractiliy of the heart muscle
    • SE: Phlebitis
  3. Anexate
    • (Flumazenil)
    • E: Antigonize the action of Benzodiazepine
  4. Frusemide
    • (Loop Diuretic-Inhibit of reabsortion of the sodium)
    • E: Treating Edema, CHF
    • SE: Dry Mouth
  5. Lidocane
    • E: Decrease the impulse of cardiac
    • SE: Hypotension
  6. Nitroglycerin
    Treatment for Angina, AMI, Hypertensive crisis
  7. SE: Hypotension
  8. Esomeprazole
    • (Nexium-Proton pump inhibitor)
    • Treatment for GRED
    • E: Reduce Gastric Acid Secretion
    • SE: Dearrhea, Nausea
  9. Noradrenaline
    • Use of CPR Case, Life threatinging Low BP
    • E: constricting the Blood Vessel
  10. Anarex
    • (Analgesia, Anti Pyretic)
    • Treatment for pain, Muscle Spasms
    • Paracetamole 450mg + orphenadrine 35mg
    • Side Effect: Dry mouth, consitipation
  11. Dopamine
    E: Increase myocardiac contractility/ Increase the cardiac ouput
  12. Heaprin
    • Use: prevent, treatment of Venous Thrombosis
    • D: as per dilution file
  13. Phenytoin
    • (anti-epileptic, Fits, control of Cranmal Seizure-tonic clonic)
    • E: Suppress the abnormal brain activity
  14. piriton syrup
    fast relief from the symptoms of: • Hayfever and other allergies /used for the fast relief from itchiness, redness and swelling of skin allergies and hayfever
  15. Procodin Syrup
    • E: Cough and Cold Mixture
    • SE: Liver disease, bronchial asthma. Infant <6 mth.
  16. Labetalo
    U: decrease the ICP/ Acute ishemic stroke/ SAH
  17. E: control Hyper bloood pressure
    B.N: Normodyne, Trandate
  18. Metoclopramide
    • (Anti emetic-Nausea and Vomiting)
    • E: Increase the rate of upper digestive tract emptying
  19. Loperamide
    • Anti Diarrheal
    • T: choronic diarhoea
    • SE: Abdo Pain, Toxic megacolon
  20. Mixture Magnesium Trisilicate
    • Antiacid/ Antareflux/ anti ulcerant
    • E: form the protective gel lining in stomach
  21. omeprazole
    • (Proton pump inhibitor)
    • B: Losec
    • E: supress the gastric acid/It slows or prevents the production of acid within the stomach.
    • side effect:abdominal or stomach pain

  22. constipation
  • Magnesium Sulfate
    • U: Seizure prevention in pre-eclampsia
    • T; Hyper mganesium
    • E: Improvement of nerve impulse in heart, skeletal muslce
  • Calcium Gluconate
    • Treatment of Tetany, Hyperkalemia, Hypocalsumia
    • U: for resus when epineprine not works
    • Caution: Avoid rapid IV, 1.5mg per min
  • Rochephine
    • ceftriaxone
    • antibiotics.
  • Tramadol
    • Analgesia
    • Opoid
    • U: relieve pain
    • P.fetal: respiratory depression
  • Aspirin
  • Penicillin
    T:Penicillin acts by destroying the cell wall of bacteria.Penicillin is active against a number of types of bacteria including Streptococcus pneumoniae, Listeria, Neisseria gonorrhoea
  • ipratropium
  • hydrocortisone
    • W: natural corticosteroid produced by the adrenal glands located adjacent to the kidneys.
    • T:potent anti-inflammatory properties, and are used in a wide variety of inflammatory conditions -Asthma, Bronchitis, cilitis, Arthritis
    • DOSING: Should be taken with food.
  • prednisolone
    • synthetic adrenal corticosteroid. Corticosteroids are natural substances produced by the adrenal glands located adjacent to the kidneys
    • M:Corticosteroids have potent anti-inflammatory properties, and are used in a wide variety of inflammatory conditions such as arthritis, colitis, asthma, bronchitis, certain skin rashes, and allergic or inflammatory conditions of the nose and eyes.
    • T:prompt suppression of inflammation in many inflammatory and allergic conditions.- rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus, acute gouty arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, ulcerative colitis, and Crohn's disease.
    • Severe allergic conditions that fail conventional- bronchial asthma, allergic rhinitis, drug-induced dermatitis, and contact and atopic dermatitis.treatment may also respond to prednisolone
  • suxamethonium
    • E: Muscle Relaxant and short-term paralysis
    • RSI
  • plavix
    • (clopidogrel)Generic Name
    • M: Keeps the platelets in your blood from coagulating(clotting) to prevent unwanted blood clots that can occur with certain heart or bloofd vessel condition.
    • Warning:Plavix can make it easier for you to bleed, even from a minor injury
  • atropine
    • Bradicardia
    • (0.6mg)- max(2.4mg)
  • Aspirin
    (300mg) for chest pain
  • Propofol
    • 1. Sedation
    • 2. induction and maintenance of anesthesia
  • Dormicum
    • G:Midazolam
    • U: Sedation: For sedation in the premedication in advance of diagnostic or operative interventions.
    • (Midazolam)
  • Morphine
  • Pethidine
    type of medicine called an opioid painkiller.
  • Fentanyl
    B: Actiq, Duragesic
  • -a potent synthetic narcotic analgesic with a rapid onset and short duration of action
  • SE:(more than 10% of patients) include diarrhea, nausea, constipation, dry mouth, somnolence, confusion, asthenia (weakness), and sweating
  • title: Fentanyl Transdermal (Skin Patch)
  • katmin
  • agumentin
    • penicillin antibiotic
    • treat many different infections caused by bacteria- Pneumonia, ear infection. bronchitis,UTI
    • Do not use Augmentin if you are allergic to amoxicillin, liver problem, kidney diease
  • Atenolol
    • B:Tenormin
    • T:used to treat angina (chest pain) and hypertension (high blood pressure.
  • Diltiazem
    • (herbeseer)
    • Calcium channer blocker- It works by relaxing the muscles of your heart and blood vessels
    • T: Used in the treatment of hypertension, angina pectoris, and some types of arrhythmia/prescription medicine generally used to treat certain chest pain (angina) and hypertension (High Blood Pressure)
    • Here are some common side effects of Diltiazem

    • Swelling or water retention in feet or lower legs, hands
    • Headache
    • Difficulty breathing
  • claxin??
  • Benzodiazepins
    • Benzodiazepines enhance the effect of the neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), -results in sedative, hypnotic (sleep-inducing), anxiolytic (anti-anxiety), anticonvulsant, muscle relaxant and amnesic action
    • T:Ltreating anxiety, insomnia, agitation, seizures, muscle spasms, alcohol withdrawal and as a premedication for medical or dental procedures
  • Lorazepam
    • (Ativan)/Benzodizepam
    • anxity Drug
  • buscopan
    • (Hyoscine)
    • T: Helps relax the spasms (Smooth muscle spasm such as stomach, intestine, bladder)/relieve the pain of IBS and abdominal pain/abdominal spasms
  • diclofenac
    • (voteren)
    • NSAID
    • T: pain/fever/inflammation
    • 계열- ibuprfen/ dndomethacin/naproxen(aleve)/Fastum gel
    • M: NSAIDs work by reducing the production of prostaglandins, chemicals that cause pain, fever and inflammation
  • Phenergan
    • (Promethazine)
    • T: treat the allergy symtoms/itching associated with allergies
  • prednisolone
    • Corticosteroid
    • T: used to treat inflammatory conditions such as arthritis, colitis, asthma/bronchitis, certain skin rashes, and allergic or inflammatory conditions of the nose and eyes
    • SE: fluid retension of the face(chshing syndrom)
  • common GIT med
    • histamine 2 antagonists/ -dine medication
    • cimetidine, ranitidine- prevent reflux, GI bleeding, ulcer
  • proton pump inhibitor- omeprazole
    gastrokinetic agent- metoclopramide(enhance motility & acceleate gastic emptyfying/ CI-Hx seizure
  • Calcium Salt
    • M: Moderate nerve and muscle perfomance
    • U: epineprine fail to im- Myoca contraction during resus.
    • I: hyperkalemia, hypocalcalcemia. calcumchanner blocke toxicity. Hypocalclcemic tetany
    • Calcium chloride: >1ml/min
    • Calcium gluconte : > 1.3ml/min
  • Rochphine (Ceftroaxone)
  • Meytonidazole
    • (Flagyl)
    • T: used to treat bacterial infection of Vagina, Stomach, skin, and Joint
  • Metoclopramide Hydrochloride
    • B: Maxolon
    • T: treatment of nausea and vomiting
  • Propofel
    U: used to induce or maintain anesthesia during certain procedure (procedural sedation)
  • Chlorhexidine and Hydrogen peroxide
    • Chmical antiseptic for G+ -./ Disinfectant or cleanser
    • H2O2- use as antiseptic
  • Tramadol
    centrally acting synthetic analgesic used in treating moderate to moderately-severe pain eg) rheumatoid arthritis.