Bio Final

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Bowgirl0209
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Bio Final
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2011-12-13 12:00:48
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  1. What are the 11 Characteristics of living things?
    • CRCRC FLAG ID
    • CELLS
    • REPRODUCE
    • CARBON BASED
    • REACT TO STIMULI
    • CONVERT TO ENERGY
    • FORM AND SIZE
    • LIFESPAN
    • AFFECTED BY ENVIRONMENT
    • GROW
    • INTER AND RELATED WITH EACHOTHER
    • DNA
  2. What are the 5 plant organisms?
    stem, root, leaf, flower, and fruit
  3. stem (function)
    support, plant storage, transport food
  4. root (function)
    absorb water and minerals, store food, anchor plant
  5. leaf (function)
    make food, store food
  6. flower (function)
    reproduce (sexual)
  7. fruit ( function)
    to get seed away from plant
  8. What are the six plant tissues?
    dermis, parenchyma, fiber, xylem, phloem, cambium
  9. dermis (function)
    protection
  10. parenchyma (function)
    make food, store food
  11. fiber ( function)
    give strength and support
  12. xylem (function)
    transport water (wood)
  13. phloem (function)
    transport food (bark)
  14. cambium (function)
    makes all other tissues
  15. Sepel
    protects a flower bud before it opens
  16. Pollen
    a package that carries 2 sperm cells inside
  17. Pistil
    Contains all of the female flower parts
  18. Petal
    Helps attract animal polinators to the flower
  19. Stamen
    makes pollen
  20. Stigma
    Catches pollen
  21. Receptacle
    Holds all of the flower parts together
  22. Hydrogen
    H
  23. Oxygen
    O
  24. Carbon
    C
  25. Nitrogen
    N
  26. Calcium
    Ca
  27. Phosphorus
    P
  28. Potassium
    K
  29. Sulfur
    S
  30. Sodium
    Na
  31. Chlorine
    Cl
  32. Magnesium
    Mg
  33. Iron
    Fe
  34. Zinc
    Zn
  35. Manganese
    Mn
  36. Copper
    Cu
  37. Fluorine
    F
  38. Iodine
    I
  39. Mercury
    Hg
  40. Silver
    Ag
  41. Lead
    Pb
  42. Calcium ion
    Ca++
  43. Chloride
    Cl-1
  44. Fluorine
    F-1
  45. Hydrogen ion
    H+
  46. Iodide
    I-1
  47. Magnesium ion
    Mg++
  48. Oxide
    O-2
  49. Potassium ion
    K+
  50. Sodium ion
    Na++
  51. Sulfide
    S-2
  52. Ammonium
    NH4+
  53. Bicarbonate
    HCO3-1
  54. Carbonate
    Co3-2
  55. Hydroxide
    OH-1
  56. Nitrate
    NO3-1
  57. Phosphate
    PO4-3
  58. Sulfate
    So4-2
  59. proton
    • Charge- possitive +
    • Location-Nucleus
    • Job- determines element
    • Weight- 1 amu
  60. neutron
    • Charge-Neutral
    • Location- nucleus
    • Job- determines weight
    • Weight- 1 amu
  61. electron
    • Charge- Negative -
    • Location- Electron cloud
    • Job- allows atom to make bonds and charge or atom
    • Weight- 0 amu
  62. Carbohydrates
    • Examples- simple sugars, glucose, fructose
    • building blocks- simple sugars
    • uses in living things- energy, energy storage, build cell membranes in plants
  63. Lipids
    • Examples- fats, oils, waxes, sterols, phospholipids
    • Building blocks- glyceral and fatty acid
    • uses in living things- energy storage, shemical messengers, protection, and make cell membrane
  64. Proteins
    • Examples- keratin, hemoglobin, insulin, actin
    • Building blocks- amino acids
    • uses in living things- protect, receptors, Id labels, enzymes, messengers, build things, transport
    • PRIME BUT
  65. Nucleic Acids
    • Examples- DNA and RNA
    • building blocks- nucleotides
    • uses in living things- instructions for building proteins and carry genetic blueprint from parent to offspring
  66. eyepiece
    part you look through; has a 10x lens
  67. coarse focus
    used first and only on LOW power ; gets object in clear view
  68. fine focus
    used in ALL powers; see details clearly and see depth of object
  69. arm
    • connects the body to stage and base
    • -handle fro carrying the microscope
  70. body
    holds eyepiece and objectives ; rotates when you change from one power to another
  71. nosepiece
    holds the objectives; rotates when you change from one power to another
  72. objectives
    hold the main lenses of the microscope
  73. clips
    hold the slide flat
  74. stage
    place where you put the slide
  75. diaphragm
    has 5 holes for adjusting the amount of light
  76. light
    shines light through an object
  77. base
    supports the whole microscope
  78. chrloroplast
    makes food through photosynthesis
  79. ribosomes
    makes proteins
  80. cell wall
    gives shape to cell, protection
  81. cell membrane
    controls what enters and leaves the cell
  82. golgi bodies
    • packages wastes into fro removal from cell (makes vacuoles)
    • make lysosomes
    • makes new pieces of cell membrane
  83. large cental vacuole
    storage, gives support so cell doesn't inflate PLANT CELL ONLY
  84. ER
    transport things from place to place (cell highway)
  85. lysosome
    contains contains enzymes that digest large molecules
  86. nucleus
    contains cells DNA
  87. nucleolus
    makes ribosomes
  88. nuclear membrane
    controls what exits and enters the nucleus
  89. chromatin
    strands of DNA, instrucrtions for cell structure
  90. mitochondria
    powerhouse for cell (powerhouse)
  91. vacuole
    storage, moves things around the cell
  92. cytoplasm
    storage, move things around the cell (cell soup)
  93. What are the 11 cell processes?
    • DRESS SMARTER
    • DIGESTION
    • RESPIRATION
    • EXCRETION
    • SYNTHESIS
    • STORAGE
    • SECRETION
    • MAKE FOOD/GET FOOD
    • ABSORPTION
    • REPRODUCTION
    • TRANSPORATION
    • RESPONSE
  94. Pollination
    process of pollen moving from stamen to stigma
  95. Double fertilization
    one fertilizaton makes the embryo and another fertilization makes the endosperm
  96. Whats the difference between a simple leaf and a compound leaf?
    compound leaf has the blade divided into leaflets and a simple is all one leaf.
  97. What are the 4 characteristics of inorganic compounds?
    • 1. ionic bonds
    • 2. molecules usually small... 2 atoms or less
    • 3. don't have to come from living organisms
    • 4. not carbon-based
  98. dicot
    • seed splits into two parts
    • ex bean
  99. noble gases
    neutral and stable NOT NEUTRAL
  100. compound
    2 or more atoms BONDED together
  101. 2 inorganic acids
    • hydrogen nitrate HNO 3
    • hydrogen chloride HCl
  102. 2 inorganic bases
    • Potassium Hydroxide KOH
    • Sodium Hydroxide NaOH
  103. ion or ratical that begins the formulas for all acids iss...
    H
  104. Name the ion or radical that ends the formulas fro all bases is..
    OH
  105. Name to salts..
    • Potassium Choride KCl
    • Sodium Chloride NaCl
  106. Formula for glucose
    C6H12O6
  107. Name an inorganic chemical compound
    hydrogen choride
  108. Why does carbon make covalent bonds insted of becoming an ion?
    Halfway between 4 and 8, carbon has 4 elections on outer shell

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