comprehensive final

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comprehensive final
2011-12-12 14:09:06
last final

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  1. What occurs in the mouth?
    digestion of carbs and killing of invading microorganisms
  2. what doesnt occur in the mouth
    absorption of carbs and digestion of fat
  3. If the ileoceal sphincter failed to function properly,
    feces would fail to move into the colon
  4. the superior portion of the stomach that is the entry area for food is the
    cardiac region
  5. the functions of the liver are
    • making albumin
    • making clotting factors
    • removing excessive nutrient molecules from the blood
    • making bile for fat digestion
  6. the esophagus is lined with
    stratified squamous epithelium
  7. chyme through the digestive flow
    gastroesophageal sphincter- cardia- gastric body- pyloric sphincter- duodenum- jeuunum- iliem- ileoceal sphincter
  8. function of the kidney
    • makes urine
    • removes toxins from the blood
    • adjust maount of h20 in blood
    • stimulates bone marrow production
    • not: remove c02 from the blood
  9. the urinary bladder is located in the
    pelvic cavity
  10. the ureters
    carry urine from the kidney to the urinary bladder.
  11. the area where the ductus deferens passes through the wall of the abdomen is called the
    inguinal ring
  12. during which part of pregnancy does organogenesis occur?
    the first four weeks of the first trimester
  13. what is responsible for reabsorbtion of water and sodium??
    • distal convoluted tubule
    • loop of henle
    • proxal convoluted tubule
    • not: glomerlus
  14. ovum pathway
    fimbria- infundibulum of the uterine tube- isthmus of uterine tube- fundus of the uterus- body of uterus- internal os of cervix- cervical canal- external os of the cervix
  15. the urethra
    part of it passes through the prostate gland in males and is directly anterior to the vagina in women
  16. the glomerulus is located in the
    renal cortex and it serves to filter blood
  17. the endometrium is found in the
    uterus and serves to nourish an embryo
  18. what is found in the spermatic cord?
    • testicular artery, ductus deferens, pampeniform plexus
    • not: seminiferous tubules
  19. what controls testicular temp?
    • scrotum
    • pampiniform plexus
    • cremaster muscle
    • not: epididymis
  20. the ductus arteriosus is
    a connection between the aorta and the pulmonary artery
  21. what happens if the foramenovale fails to close?
    blood goes directly from the right atrium to the left atrium leading to low blood oxygen in the babies circulation.
  22. after passing through the gastroesohageal sphincter the chyme
    goes to the cardia of the stomach
  23. endocardium is made of
    simple squamous epithelium
  24. the posterior horns of the spinal cord are
    sensory and are made of grey matter
  25. the central canal is lined with
    ependymal cells
  26. nerves involved in tasting food
    • cranial nerve 1
    • cranial nerve 7
    • cranial nerve 9
    • not: 5
  27. nerve that carries info about texture and temp of food
    cranial nerve 5
  28. inhalation
    • contraction of diaphragm
    • contraction of the exteral intercostal muscles
  29. if the visceral and parietal pleura detached
    the longs would collapse away from the ribcage
  30. blood flow into kidney
    desending aorta- renal artery- segmental arteries- interlobar arteries- interlobular arteries
  31. testicle
    • manufacture of testosterone occurs in the interstitial cells
    • make sperm in the seminiferous tubules.
    • rete testis- epididymis- ductus deferens- out the testicle
  32. diaphysis
    made of compact bone
  33. epiphysis
    stores red bone marrow
  34. periosteum
    made of dense irregular connective tissue
  35. endosteum
    lines the medullary cavity
  36. fornices of the vagina
    sperm can hide out for 3-4 days
  37. fimbria
    responsible for sweeping the ovum into the uterine tube at ovulation
  38. clitoris
    primary organ of sexual arousal
  39. myometrium
    responsible for cervical dialation
  40. first 4 weeks
    the blastocyst implants
  41. first trimester
    the placenta is fully formed
  42. second trimester
    the fetus quickens
  43. third trimester
    testes descend in the male fetus
  44. effacement
    refers to the thinning of the cervix
  45. braxton hicks contractions
    random, painlessuterine contractions
  46. passage of mucus plug
    occurs about 48 hous prior to labor
  47. lightening
    the baby descends a couple of inches