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What are we born with?
the capacity to choose and have needs.
Who are the peeps for Reality Therapy?
behavior is generated form within the person for the purpose of satisfying needs.
What kind of word do we live in?
- We do not live in any real world.
- Individuals may have perceptions of reality, but they cannot know reality itself.
- We have our own perceptions of reality.
How do infants survive?
The CHOOSE behaviors they know for survival-crying, food
How do infants become creative in getting what they need?
use LANGUAGE as a TOOL and choose how to ask for what they want creatively.
We are born with the ability to experience the world as:
Function: Five basic essential psychological needs that get us through life and how we get what we need.
eating, drinking, seeking shelter, resisting illness, sexual reproduction, and waste management (personal)
- Need to share
- Met by friends, family, pets, or collections
- To be better than others
- Can conflict with our need to belong
- Marriage-need for love conflicts with need for power
- Want to be in control
- Living large (Dr. Muro's joke)
- •How we wish to live life
- •How we wish to express ourselves
- •With whom we wish to associate
- •What we want to read and write
- •How we worship (or not worship)
- •Not as vital as first four
- •Singing & dancing
- Organized behaviors with which we are familiar
- The second, a behavioral system that we are constantly reorganizing (creative!)
- “Driven by our ever-present needs, we require a large supply of behaviors to deal with ourselves, and the world around us” (Glasser, 1985, p.90).
Four components of “Total Behavior”
Total Behavior: Doing
- •Doing is active behavior—walking, talking, or moving
- •May be involuntary
Total Behavior: Thinking
- •Both voluntary and involuntary thoughts
- •Night dreams
Total Behavior: Feeling
- •Happy or sad
- •Angry or content
- •Pleasure or pain
Total Behavior: Physiology
- •Voluntary and Involuntary mechanisms
Role of the Environment
- •Argued that this is a choice—we act the way that we see others, but this is a choiceful <sic> decision
- •We choose the way we interact with others.
- •NOT the source of human behavior
- •People can choose the good or the apparent good
- •It takes time to practice this behavior of correct choices (experience)
- •People choose behavior, hence, people choose to be depressed, anxious, etc.
- •Reason #1•By choosing to depress or anxietize, individuals can keep their anger under control
- •Reason # 2•Depress or anxietize to get others to help them•Helping without begging
- •Reason #3•Unwilling to be more effective•Difficult to choose to be better
- •Reason # 4•Choosing to depress or anxietize can give power over others•Others need to comfort the person, encourage, etc
- •To quote the Partridge Family:
- •C’mon, get Happy
- •Choosing to be happy
How Change Occurs
- •Four Basic Steps:
How Change Occurs
- •Ask the client what it is they want (being specific—general “I want to be happy” “I want to have a fulfilling life” don’t cut it. We need to know what it is that will get them there).
- •See total behavior—how are they getting things in life done?
How change occurs
•Ask the following questions:
- •Does your behavior help you?
- •Are you getting what you want?
- •Are you breaking rules?
- •Are your wants reasonable?
- •How does it help to look at it like that?
- •Making plans to do better
- •Commit to plans
- •(Verbal or written contract)
Conditions Necessary for Change:
- •Therapist is warm
- •Establishment of that environment shows helpfulness
Role of the Client
- •Work Hard!
- •Must be willing to make choices
- •Stick to choices
- •Open to new ideas
Capacity for Change
- •It Can Work!
- •Clients must be cognitive, higher functioning, willing to work, etc.
- •Not good with lower functioning clients
- •Not good with personal growth--insight
Source of Resistance
•Don’t want to choose to change; change is hard work.
Role of Counselor
- •Therapist takes attitudes:
- •No excuses for failure to follow through
- •No criticism, arguing with, or punishing client
- Does not give up on client
Goals of Counseling
- •To help individuals meet their physiological needs for belonging, power, freedom, and fun in responsible and satisfying ways.
- •The more severe the symptom, the more the client is unable to meet needs
- •Educational Approach
- •Unconscious process/dreams are not in Reality Therapy
Relationship with the Client
- •Not patronizing
- •Not telling others what to do; let them come up with own ideas
- •Reality Therapy is not technique-focused, however:
- •Being Positive
- •Paradoxical Techniques