A & P

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jirizarry518
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123133
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A & P
Updated:
2011-12-12 18:33:32
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Chp
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Chp. 1
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  1. Abdominal
  2. Abdominopelvic quadrants (4)
  3. Abdminopelvic regions (9)
  4. Anatomical postion
  5. Anatomy
  6. Anterior
  7. Appendicular
  8. Axial
  9. cavities
  10. cell
  11. chemicl level
  12. control center
  13. cranial
  14. deep
  15. diaphragm
  16. directional terms
  17. disease
  18. digestion
  19. distal
  20. dorsal
  21. effector
    responding organ; for ex: voluntary and involuntary muscle, the bheart and glands.
  22. epigastric (region)
  23. feedback loop
    a highly complex and integrated communication control network , classified as negative or positive; negative feedback loops are the most important and numerous homestatic control mechanisms
  24. frontal
    lengthwise plane running from side to side, dividing the body into anterior and posterior portions
  25. homeostasis
    relative uniformity of the normal body's internal environment
  26. hypochondriac (region)
    the left and right upper regions of abdominopelvic cavity, just under the lower prt of the rib cartilage and on either side of the epigastric region; used when the abdominopelvic cavity is visualized as being subdivided into 9 regions as in tic-tac-toe grid.
  27. hypogastric (region)
    the central lower region of the abdominopelvic cavity, below the stomach and umbilicus (navel) and between the left an right iliac regions; used when the abdominopelvic cavity is visualized as being subdivided into 9 regions as in tic-tac-toe grid.
  28. hypothesis
    a proposed explanation of an observed phenomenon
  29. iliac (region)
    the left and right lower regions of the abdominopelvic cavity, near the iliac region of the pelvis an on either side of the hypogastric region; termnology used to describe the abdominopelvic cavity when it is visualized as being subdivided into 9 regions as in tic-tac-toe grid....aka...left and right inguinal regions
  30. inferior
    lower; opposite of superior.
  31. lateral
    of or toward the side; opposite of medial
  32. lumbar (region)
    the left and right middle regions of the abdominopelvic cavity, near the lumbar ar of the vertebral column and on either side of the umbilical region; terminology used when the abdominopelvic cavity is visualized as being subdividedinto 9 region as in tic tac toe.
  33. medial
    of or toward the middle; opposite of laterl
  34. mediastinum
    a subdivision in the midportion of the thoracic cavity.
  35. midsagittal plane
    a cut or plane that divides the body or any of its parts into two equal halves.
  36. negative feedback
    homeostatic control system in which information feeding back to the control center causes the variable to be changed in the direction opposite to that of the intial stimulus
  37. organ
    group of several tissue types that performs a special function.
  38. organization (structral levels)
    the characteristic of the body of being organized, that is, structured in different levels of complexity and coordinated in function; the human body is often said to be organized into different levels of organization: chemical, cell, tissue, orgn, system, and body.
  39. pelvic
    pertaining to the pelvis or hip bones.
  40. physiology
    the study of body function
  41. planes (of body)
    any completely flat cut through the body or any of its parts; a body plane can be oriented in any of several directions (e.g. sagittal, midsagittal, frontal (coronal), transverse (horizontal) and is used to visualize the body from different perspectives.
  42. pleura
    the serous membrane in the thoracic cavity
  43. pleural cavity
    a subdivision of the thorax
  44. positive feedback
    homeostatic control system in which information feeding ,back to the control center causes the level of a variable to be pushed farther in the direction of the original deviation, causing an amplification of the original stimulus; ordinarily this mechanism is used by the body to amplify a process and quickly finish it, as in labor contractions and blood clotting
  45. posterior
    located behind; opposite of anterior
  46. prone
    body lying horizontal position facing downward
  47. proximal
    next or nearest; located nearest the center of the body or the point of attachment of a structure opposite of distal.
  48. sagittal
    longitudal; like an arrow
  49. scientific method
    any logical and systematic approach to discovering principles of nature, often involving testing of tentative explanations called hypotheses.
  50. secretions (of Body)
    a cut, ordinarily flat, through the body or any body part
  51. sensor
    prart of a homeostatic feedback loop that detects (senses) changes in the physiological variable that is regulatedby the feedback loop
  52. spinal cavity
    space inside the spinal column through which the spinal cord passes
  53. superficial
    near the body surface
  54. superior
    higher; opposite of inferior
  55. supine
    body lying horizontal facing up
  56. system
    group of organs arranged so that the group can perform a more complex function than any organ can perform alone.
  57. theory
    explanation of a scientific priciple that hs been tested experimentally and found to be true; compare to hypothesis and law
  58. thoracic
    pertaining to the chest area of the body (upper trunk)
  59. tissue
    group of similar cells that perform a function
  60. transverse
    flat cut through the body (or body part) that is horizontal or crosswise and divides the body into upper and lower portions
  61. ventral
    of or near the belly; in humans, front or anterior; opposite o dorsal or posterior
  62. atrophy
    wasting away of tissue; decrease in size of a part; somtimes referred to as disuse atrophy
  63. pathology
    scientific study of disease

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