Chapter 11

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Author:
alanna
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123180
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Chapter 11
Updated:
2011-12-12 21:46:35
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Anthropology
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Ethnicity and Race
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  1. Assimilation
    The process of change that a minority group may experience when it moves to a country where another culture dominates; the minority is incorporated into the dominant culuture to the point that it no longer exists as a separate culture unit
  2. Cultural Colonialism
    Within a nation or empire, dominiation by one ethnic group of nationality and its culture/ideology over others-- e.g. the dominance of Russian people, language, and culture in the former Soviet Union
  3. Descent
    Rule assigning social identity on the basis of some aspect of one's ancestry
  4. Discrimination
    Policies and practices that harm a group and its members
  5. Ethnic Group
    Group distinguished by cultural similarities( shared among members of that group) and differences (between that group and others); ethnic group members share beliefs, values, habits, customs, and norms, and a common language, religion, history, geography, kinship, and/or race
  6. Ethnicity
    Identification with, and feeling part of, an ethinic group, and esclusion from certain other groups because of this affiliation
  7. Ethnocide
    Destruction by a dominante group of the culture of an ethnic group
  8. Genocide
    Policies aimed at, and/or resulting in, the physical extinction(through mass murder) of a people perceived as a racial group, that is, as sharing defining physical, genetic, or other biological characteristics
  9. Hypodescent
    A rule that automatically places the children of a union or mating between members of different socioeconomic groups in the less privileged group
  10. Majority Groups
    Superordinate, dominant, or controlling groups in a social-political hierarchy
  11. Minority Groups
    Subordinate groups in a social-political hierarchy, with inferior power and less secure access to resources than majority groups have
  12. Multiculturalism
    The view of cultural diveristy in a country as something good and desirable; a multticultural society socializes individuals not only into the dominant(national) culture, but also into an ethnic culture
  13. Nation
    Once a synonym for "ethnic group", designating a single culture sharing a language, religion, history, territory, ancestry, and kinship; now usually a synonym for "state" or "nation-state"
  14. Nation-state
    An autonomous political entity, a country like the United States or Canada
  15. Nationalities
    Ethnic groups that once had, or wish to have or regain, autonomous political status(their own country)
  16. Phenotype
    An organism's evident traits, its "manifest biology"-- anatomy and physiology
  17. Plural Society
    A society that combines ethnic contrasts, ecological specialization (i.e. use of different environemental resources by each ethnic group), and the economic interdependence of those groups
  18. Prejudice
    Devaluing(looking down on) a group because of its assumed behavior, values, capabilities, or attributes
  19. Race
    An ethnic group assumed to have a biological basis
  20. Racism
    Discrimination against an ethnic group assumed to have a biological basis
  21. Refugees
    People who have been forced(involuntary refugees) or who have chosen (voluntary refugees) to flee a country, to escape persecution or war
  22. Stereotypes
    Fixed ideas-- often unfavorable--about what members of a group are like

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