Chapter 12

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Author:
alanna
ID:
123182
Filename:
Chapter 12
Updated:
2011-12-12 21:26:47
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Anthropology
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Description:
Applying Anthropology
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  1. Anthropology and education
    Anthropological research in classrooms, homes, and neighborhoods, viewing students as total cultural creatures whose enculturation and attitudes toward education belong to a larger context that includes family, peers, and society
  2. Applied Anthropology
    The application of anthropological data, perspectives, theory, and methods to identify, assess, and solve contemporary social problems
  3. Curer
    Specialized role acquired through a culturally appropriate process of selection, training, certification, and acquisition of a professional image; the curer is consulted by patients, who believe in his or her special powers, and recieves some form of special consideration; a cultural universal
  4. Development Anthropology
    The branch of applied anthropology that focuses on social issues in, and the cultural dimension of, economic development
  5. Disease
    An etic or scientificallly identified health threat caused by a bacteria, virus, fungusm parasite, or other pathogen
  6. Equity, increased
    A reduction in absolute poverty and a fairer (more even) distribution of wealth
  7. Health Care System
    Beliefs, customs, and specialists concernd with ensuring health and preventing and curing illness; a cultural universal
  8. Illness
    An emic condition of poor health felt by individual
  9. Medical Anthropology
    Unites biological and cultural anthropologists in the study of disease, health problems, health care systems, and theories about illness in different cultures and ethnic groups
  10. Overinnovation
    Characteristic of development projects that require major changes in people's daily lives, especially ones that interfere with customary subsistence pursuits
  11. Scientific Medicine
    As distinguished from Western medicine, a health care system based on scientific knowledge and procedures, encompassing such fields as pathology, microbiology, biochemistry, surgery, diagnostic technology, and applications
  12. Underdifferentiation
    Planning fallacy of viewing less developed countries as an undifferentiated group; ignoring cultural diversity and adopting a uniform approach( often ethnocentric) for very different types of project beneficiaries
  13. Urban Anthropology
    The anthropological study of life in and around world cities, including urban social problems, differences between urban and other environments, and adaptation to city life

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