ISU TEC 152 Review
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ISU TEC 152 Review
Illinois State University Technology TEC 152
Illinois State University TEC 152 Final Exam Review
What is an Operating System?
An interface between a user and the hardware
What is a platform
A term used to describe a type of operating system
What are some advantages of Apple?
Better OS level color control
Integrated Media Applications
Media Hardware Interface
What are some advantages of a PC?
Wider software Availability
When and for what purpose was UNIX created?
1970s for super computers
What are some advantages of UNIX
Stable and reliable for networks and multitasking
What is Mac OS X and Microsoft 7 based off of
What is the open source OS based on UNIX?
What is the purpose of the motherboard?
ROM and RAM
What are HERTZ?
Data pulses per second
What is cache?
RAM attached to the processor
What does DIMM stand for?
Dual In-Line Memory Modules
What does SIMM stand for?
Single In-Line Memory Modules
What is Bandwidth?
Speed to send/receive data
What does IDE stand for?
Integrated Drive Electronic
What does ATA stand for?
Advanced Technology Attachment
What is an SSD?
Solid State Drive
Descrive a Solid State Drive?
Name some removable storage media
Who are the two major producers of graphics cards?
NVidia and ATI
What is IEEE
What are four main production roles?
What is the role of the Director/Producer?
The person who’s ultimately in charge
Plans production schedule, assigns tasks
In charge of the overall vision of the project
What is the role of the Writer/Art Director?
Helps weave the story together
What is in involved with the role of the Videographer?
Uses composition techniques and shooting
strategies to create raw footage and good
What is involved with the role of the Editor?
Does the technical work of editing video
Works to insure that story is told in specified
time length, if required
What is involved with the role of the talent?
Interview subjects/Actors and Actresses
Voiceover artists (reading/translating voices
What are the three stages of Video Making?
What is involved with Pre-Production?
Outline & script
Plan locations and talent
What is involved in the production stage of video making?
Shooting video (and still shots)
What is involved in the Post-Production Stage?
Assemble clips, add transitions & titles, edit sound
What is involved with Story Boarding?
Mapping out the flow of the story using
drawings and/or text
Brainstorming what ideas will be conveyed where in the video’s timeline
Identify major ideas/images to be conveyed
The more specific and detailed the easier
production and post-production techniques become
What are the three parts of Story Stucture?
What is involved with the tease?
Allows viewer to focus on what the film is
Introduces one or more main characters
Establishes setting/location critical to the story
Presents a conflict/set up a problem/asks a question
What is involved with the body of a story?
The main plot; the meat of the story
Get to know the characters, what they're
doing and why they’re doing it
See the action unfold
The body usually makes up 80% of a video
What is involved with the conclusion of a story?
Wrapping up, giving closure
Sometimes recaps point of story
Whatever you promised or asked in your
tease needs to have been delivered
In what direction is panning with a camera?
Side to Side
In what direction is tilting with a camera?
Up and Down
When should zooming be done?
Between filming and not during
What is Lead Room?
When someone is walking or running in video make sure to leave plenty of room in front of them.
Name three types of shots.
What is a wide shot?
When you are zoomed out all the way
Wide shots establish context
They show the audience where we are
and what’s going on.
What are the most common shots in video?
Medium shots are by far
the most common ones
What is a close-up shot?
A Close-Up Shot
shows a subject's
shoulders. It is
close enough to
show subtle facial
When would you use an Over the Shoulder shot?
Used in an
viewer feel like
Name three different camera angles.
What is Composition?
The way you arrange the items you are filming on the screen
What is the rule of thirds?
and the horizon
should usually fall
on one of the lines
or the points that
Where should you put the eyes with the rule of thirds?
No matter how wide or close a shot, you should put the eyes on the upper third line.
What is involved with framing?
Frame the subject with objects such as branches, signs, or walls. This directs the attention of the subjects.
How can you establish depth in a shot?
By placing an object or person closer to the camera it increases the depth in the picture. This helps the video look more 3D and less flat.
What is the Aspect Ratio for SDTV?
What is the aspect ratio for widescreen monitors?
What is the aspect ratio for HDTV?
What are two different aspect ratios for Modern Movies?
What does FPS stand for?
Frames per Second
What is the framerate of film?
What is the framerate of SDTV?
What is the framerate of HDTV?
One frame contains two images
Each image is a "field"
Better motion at expense of clarity
Great idea 60 years ago
Very Bad in the digital age
What is deinterlacing?
Throwing out an entire field and just use one to increase the digital clarity of film
Name some common video codecs.
What is H.263?
Newest Technology in Video Codecs
Best Compression Ratio
How does MPEG-4 compare among video codecs?
Used to be newest
How does DivX/Xvid compare among video codecs?
How does MPEG-1 compare among video codecs?
Not geared for the internet
Every computer can play
How does DV compare among video codecs?
Lossless codec for video editing
Not much compression applied
Video from firewire drive
How does flash video compare among video codecs?
95% of computers can play
Similar to MPEG-4
How does Sorenson 3 compare among video codecs?
Common for movie trailers
How does Windows Media compare among video codecs?
Windows 98 and up
Low CPU requirements
Name some common Audio Codecs?
Windows Media Audio
How does MP3 compare among audio codecs?
How does AAC compare among audio codecs?
Alittle better than MP3
iTunes Music Store
Not as widespread as MP3
What is the price range of a consumer level camera?
What is the price range of a professional level camera?
What does CCD stand for?
Charge Coupled Device
Describe the CCD Sensor
More Entrenched Technology
Less expensive to manufacture
What does CMOS stand for?
Who was the inventor of the single sensor: the bayer filter?
Dr Bryce Bayer-Kodak
What is dynamic range?
A measure of the ability of the sensor to record shadow detail
Name four types of connections from PC to TV.
What are two types of image stabilization?
Opitcal and Digital
What is Image Stabilization used for?
Used to reduce jittery video
Mainly a problem when in high zoom
What is Optical Stabilization?
lens mechanism moves to
compensate for external movement
What is digital stabilization
Software adjustment after the image
has been captured