chem

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Author:
andreathors16
ID:
123224
Filename:
chem
Updated:
2011-12-12 20:25:49
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  1. metabolism
    chemical reaction in living organisms
  2. catabolism
    • breakdown from lage to small mollecules
    • exothermic- produces energy
  3. anabolism
    • sysnthesis of large molecules frm smaller ones
    • endothermic needs energy
  4. rna
    a=u c=g
  5. dna
    • a=t c=g
    • deoxyribonucleic acid
  6. bases
    adenine guanine cytosine thymine uracil
  7. nucleosides
    nitrogen containing base+ sugar
  8. nucleotide
    nitrogen containing base + sugar + phosphate
  9. introns
    non expressed part of a chromosome
  10. exons
    expressed part of chromosome
  11. purine
    adenine guanine
  12. pyrimidines
    cytosine thymine uracil
  13. OH- H
    ribose - deoxyribose
  14. deoxyribose + adenine =
    deoxyadenosine
  15. ribose + adenine =
    adenosine
  16. ribose + uracil + 2 phosphate groups=
    uridine diphosphate
  17. nucleoside in dna are linkied by a
    phosphoester bond
  18. transcription
    • dna to rna
    • in the cell nucleus
  19. translation
    • rna to protiens
    • in cytosol by ribosomes in rough er
  20. replication
    dna to x2 dna
  21. dna strands are held together by
    hydrogen bonds between bases and hydrophobic interactions
  22. translocation
    movement of ribosome along an mRNA
  23. mutagens
    agents that cause a mutation
  24. carcinogens
    agents that cause cancer
  25. frameshift mutations
    shift normal reading of sequence bases
  26. 2 sugars in nucleic acid
    ribose and 2-deoxyribose
  27. 4 nucleotides in DNA
    • deoxyadenosine monophosphate
    • deoxyguanosine
    • deoxycytidine
    • deoxytyidine
  28. backbone of DNA is not
    bases
  29. TGCTAC
    acgatg
  30. sugar in rna
    ribose
  31. codons
    mRNA that code for an amino acid to start or stop
  32. anticodons
    tRNA
  33. lactose turns genes
    • on
    • and histidine turns genes off
  34. glycogenesis
    • glucose to glycogen (starch)
    • ana
  35. glycogenolysis
    • starch to glucose
    • cat
  36. digestion
    carbs to glucose
  37. glycolysis
    • glucose to pyrvic acid
    • cat
  38. anarobic
    • pyruvic acid to lactic acid
    • cat
  39. areobic
    • pyruvic acid to acetal CoA
    • cat
  40. gluconeogenesis
    • amino acid to pyruvic acid
    • ana
  41. lipogenesis
    • acetyl CoA to fatty acids
    • ana
  42. b-oxidation pathway
    • fatty acids to acetyl CoA
    • cat
  43. turnover
    • protien to amino acids
    • cat
  44. translation
    • amino acids to protien
    • ana

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