Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy

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  1. Peep who started Rational Emotvie Behavioral Therapy?
    Albert Ellis
  2. Structure of Personality:
    • Born as constructivists (that is, we construct our own reality…)
    • Phenomenological
    • Biological link to temperament
    • Born with powerful innate tendencies to think irrationally and to defeat themselves
    • Considerable resources for human growth
    • Vulnerable to disturbance
  3. What tendencies are we born with?
    • Born with a tendency to want, to need, and to condemn
    • –Themselves
    • –Others
    • –The world, when they do not get immediately what they need
    • People think childishly all their lives
    • They can be mature only with real effort
    • People defeat the self with by their inborn and acquired self-sabotaging ways.
  4. Function of the Personality: Hedonism
    • Responsible Hedonism-seek pleasure and avoid pain
    • Long range hedonism
    • Enjoyment is a major goal of life
    • His work is about sexual pleasure and the hang ups we have regarding sex
    • Humanism
    • Holistic, goal directed organisms who are important because they are alive
    • Ethical humanism—emphasizes human interests over a deity
    • Religion, he contends, leads to absolutes of right and wrong, and lead to guilt and suffering
  5. View of Self:
    • People demand that their needs be met
    • They desire to have themselves taken care of at all times
    • Ego-oriented
    • Self-centered
    • Identity seeking
    • Try to outdo other people
    • Impress others
    • Unconditional Self –AcceptancePeople make missteaksThey have worthSome assets that get them through life are stronger than others they have—or some other people
    • Drive to be flexible
    • Logical
    • Not an absence of feeling or emotion
  6. Role of the Environment
    • People are reared with degrees of demandingness
    • Part of a social group, influenced by significant others
    • Suggestibility by others
  7. Healthy Functioning
    • Fulfilling the self in interpersonal relations
    • Enjoyable to love
    • loved by significant others
    • Relate to nearly everyone
    • The better one’s elations, the happier one will be
  8. Unhealthy Functioning
    • Caring too much about what others think
    • Desire for other’s approval
    • From the belief that people can only accept themselves when others accept them
  9. Unhealthy Functioning
    Look at the world as:
    • I can’t stand this adversity
    • It is awful that is exists (awfulizing)
    • I am a worthless person for not getting rid of it
    • I should be able to get rid of it (shoulding all over yourself)
    • I must get what I want (Musterbation)
  10. Basically: Humans create their own
    • Emotional consequences
    • Born with a proneness to do so
    • They learn to exaggerate their perceived consequences
    • They foolishly understand their distress, as they think about thinking
  11. Techniques to Avoid Pain
    • Magic and mysticism
    • Think therapist will take away the pain
    • Get the believer to feel better for a little while
    • Distraction
    • Sidetrack to other diversions
    • Divert to sports, yoga, reading, meditation
    • Then there is no time to demand acceptance by others and will not be anxious
    • Satisfy Demands
    • Therapist can give love and approval
    • Provide pleasurable solutions
    • Teach methods of having demands met
    • Give reassurance that the client will be gratified
  12. Change Occurs When
    • The therapist confronts the client’s thinking—and never mocks the client, only the thinking
    • People can stand adversities—they just do not like them

    lAdversities are not awful, they are inconvenient, disadvantageous, etc.

    lWhen they realize that they are not in control of the universe—they are not worthless (what drivel!)

    lE-Effective New Philosophies

    lStrive for desires

    lEvaluate badness

    lHigh frustration tolerance

    lNot globally rate self and others

    lDispute beliefs (the irrational ones)

    lWhere is holding this belief getting me?

    lIs the belief logical?

    lIs it really awful?

    lCan I not stand it?
  13. Change Occurs When
    • E-Effective New Philosophies
    • Strive for desires
    • Evaluate badness
    • High frustration tolerance
    • Not globally rate self and others
    • Effective New Emotions and Behaviors
    • It’s OK to feel
    • Disappointed
    • Sad
    • Annoyance
    • Concern
    • Regret
    • Frustration
  14. Role of the client
    • Client must think and work hard at understanding and contradicting their musturbatory beliefs
    • Must behave as their own therapists
  15. Capacity for change
    • Very positive, with “damn hard work”
    • They have to want it (to borrow a phrase from—ugh—Tim McGraw)
  16. Source of Resistance
    • Goals are too demanding
    • Goals are different from the therapist
    • Not ready to build a F!@#$%^& bridge and get over it
  17. Role of the counselor:
    • Directive
    • Expert
    • Challenging
    • Accept no excuses
    • Humor (and a bit of a smart ass, too)
    • Unconditional acceptance
    • Strong disputer
  18. Goals of Counseling
    • More realistic philosophy of life
    • Take care of the Stinking Thinking
    • Get behind the ideas that are driving the feelings
    • Full acceptance of the self
    • Renewed confidence in the self
    • The belief that it is the own shoulds that are messing the self up
    • Reduction of defenses
    • Reality testing
  19. Relationship with the Client
    • Important
    • Rapport building
    • Not necessarily warm, though some find Ellis that way
  20. Techniques-Emotive
    • Imagery-change inappropriate thoughts/feelings to appropriate ones
    • Role Playing
    • Shame attacking-being silly or doing odd things in public
    • Forceful self-statements-I want to get an A, but do not have to!
  21. Techniques--Behavioral
    • Activity Homework-Stay in uncomfortable situation and work it out
    • Reinforcements and penalties-reward themselves. Or punish (burn a $20)
    • Skill training-teach social skills—workshops on being calmer in public
Card Set:
Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy
2011-12-13 01:36:47

REBT,Dr. Muro-Theories
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