ANTH 1140 Exam 3 Worksheet

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ANTH 1140 Exam 3 Worksheet
2011-12-13 17:04:53
ANTH 1140 Exam Worksheet Video Book

Worksheet that will be on ANTH 1140 Exam 3 (compiled from videos and book)
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  1. eating & food preparation
    TSV: Women get up, light the fire, grind the corn and make tortillas. They feed the husbands and children before feeding themselves”
  2. recreation/relaxation
    TSV: Every year they celebrate a big fiesta involving a large feast and over-indulgent drinking by the men.
  3. work/production
    TSV: The women weave textiles to sell in the city, and the men go to work on plantations (picking cotton, for instance). Average income is $100/year. Children begin working at a very early age (<12 y/o)
  4. language
    TSV: Most mayans live in isolated villages, and each speak unique languages (22 across guatemala)
  5. use of space
    AML: Space is divided for hygiene purposes. There's a building next to the main house to cook food, and a separate place to steam bathe.
  6. male/female
    TSV: Men are the primary bread-winners. They leave for months at a time to work, while the women stay back to care for the children.
  7. marriage/sex/family
    TSV: Marriages are arranged (often negotiated at the big fiesta when large groups of people come together). Also, even when a member of the family dies, they are still counted as being part of the family.
  8. childrearing
    TSV: Men and women create large families (8+ children). While the men work, women are largely responsible for raising the children (feeding, clothing, and general care)
  9. status, hierarchy
    AML: Lwin learns in school that Ladinos <> Mayans. His teacher talks down to Maya children, saying they are useless and inefficient compared to the Ladinos.
  10. social mobility
    MVAL: None. Lacking formal education and language training, Mayans (Guatemalan immigrants) can only work menial field jobs
  11. economics
    TSV: Agriculture dominates the Mayan economy. Trade agreements (e.g. NAFTA) were negotiated to facilitate the export of goods such as coffee, fruit, etc.
  12. systems of organization & associations
    EZLN formed to fight for the rights of the indigineous peoples of Mexico (spokesman = Subcommandante Marcos)
  13. government & laws
    TSV-S: Guatemalan Government reacted violently to the threat of communism and raided any town suspected to be a facilitator (e.g. Todos Santos)
  14. identity/view of self
    MVAL: Residents of Indiantown still participate in the Fiesta de San Miguel so that the children canappreciate their heritage.
  15. soul
    TSV: The Maya believe that their souls are tied to a spirit animal, which plays a part in their health (e.g. Shaman sets up a cage to capture their spirit animal)
  16. health & illness
    TSV: Lack of professional medicine. Instead, the villagers rely on a Chaman who prays for their health in a series of ritualistic practices.
  17. supernaturals/God
    TSV: Chaman is a ritual practicioner who prays to the mountains (where the gods/ancestors live) for the health of the land, people. He offers candles, incense, and animal blood. They set fire to the whole thing and offer it to the deities (and booze in a metal cup, quincunx cross)
  18. magic
    AML: The Maya people rely on magic to heal and protect their loved ones. Example: Lwin comes home from school feeling drowsy. His mother tries to cure his eyesight by placing lemon and orange rinds and a cat’s tail over his eyelids.