Aerial Apparatus Driver Handbook

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Author:
waxamus
ID:
123411
Filename:
Aerial Apparatus Driver Handbook
Updated:
2011-12-26 22:55:24
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Aerial Handbook
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Description:
Chapter 5-10
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  1. Ladder Chapter 5

    First goal of driver is....
    get apparatus and crew to scene safely
  2. Ladder Chapter 5

    Driver/opperator is govened by.....
    • 1. Federal Laws
    • 2. State or Provencial motor vehicle codes
    • 3. city ordinances
    • 4. NFPA Standards
    • 5. Dept. Policies

    pg. 144
  3. Ladder Chapter 5

    Emergency vehicles are generally not exempt from laws that require vehicles to stop for.....
    school buses with flashin signal lights

    pg. 144
  4. Ladder Chapter 5
    Disobiendant drivers can be subject to two types of proscution
    • 1. civil
    • 2. criminal

    pg. 145
  5. Ladder Chapter 5

    What is found in diesel emmissions include
    benzene derivatives and 100s of harmful chemecal compounds

    pg 146
  6. Ladder Chapter 5

    Never operate the battery switch when....
    the engine is running

    pg. 146
  7. Ladder Chapter 5
    Manual Shift Transmission Starting (TorF)
    The starte control should be operated in intervals of no more than 30 sec, with a rest of 60 sec between each try.
    True

    pg. 147
  8. Ladder Chapter 5

    How many sec. after starting does oil gauge need to read sufficient oil pressure?
    5 to 10 sec

    pg. 148
  9. Ladder Chapter 5
    If there is not enough air pressure to realease parking break, what can ou do?
    allow engine to high idle to build up air

    pg. 148
  10. Ladder Chapter 5
    Never use the clutch pedal as a ........... while driving manual transmission
    • foot rest
    • pg. 150
  11. Ladder Chapter 5
    Shift the transmission to a .......... gear when climbing a hill
    low

    pg 151
  12. Ladder Chapter 5

    ......... occurs when the throttle is applied while the transmission is in too high a gear.
    Engine Lugging

    pg. 152
  13. Ladder Chapter 5
    To extend the life of the engine, choose a gear that allows the engine to operate at ... or .... rpm lower than max recommended rpm
    200 or 300

    pg. 154
  14. Ladder Chapter 5
    What are the three points of potential contact
    • 1. Angle of approach
    • 2. Angle of departure
    • 3. Break over angle


    pg. 154
  15. Ladder Chapter 5
    Considerations when stopping
    • Weight of apparatus
    • condition of breaks, tires and road surfaces
  16. Ladder Chapter 5
    two mechanisims utilized to assist in breaking
    • engine brakes
    • other types of retarding devices
  17. Ladder Chapter 5
    driver should shut down engines during long idling periods. It is a wast of fuel that in ....... hr you can waste........gallon of full
    • one hour
    • 1/2 gallon

    pg. 155
  18. Ladder Chapter 5
    If need to leave engine running set in high idle or set RPMs to ......... to .......
    900 to 1,100 RPMs

    pg 155
  19. Ladder Chapter 5
    Never rev a diesel engine before shutting down. Allow to cool for .... to ....
    3 to 5 min.
  20. Ladder Chapter 5
    time it takes a driver to move foot to brake is.....
    Reaction Distance

    pg. 157
  21. Ladder Chapter 5
    distance from the time brakes are applied to the time it stops is ....
    Braking distance

    pg. 157
  22. Ladder Chapter 5
    the sum total of driver's reaction distance and braking distance......
    Total stopping distance

    pg. 157
  23. Ladder Chapter 5
    Momentum (p) is the velocity (v) of the vehicle multiplied by its mass (m)
    p=vm

    pb. 159
  24. Ladder Chapter 5
    common cause of skids is driver error, to include:
    • 1. driving to fast for road conditions
    • 2. weight shifts
    • 3. failing to anticipate obstacles
    • 4. improper use of auxiliary braking device
    • 5. impoper maintenance of tire
    • pg. 159
  25. Ladder Chapter 5
    ABS (antilock braking system) uses digital technology that computes decisions off of sensors in the braking systems. The computer makes these decisions ........ times per sec
    20

    pg. 159
  26. Ladder Chapter 5

    Front Brake Limiting Valve systems were installed before mid 70s. It reduces the air pressure in the front steering axle by ........ percent. This kept it from locking up
    50

    pg. 161
  27. Ladder Chapter 5
    Automatic Traction Control (ATC) improves traction on slippery roads by ............ drive wheel overspin
    reducing

    pg. 162
  28. Ladder Chapter 5
    What is the most likely place for a collision involving an emergency vehicle.
    Intersections

    pg. 163
  29. Ladder Chapter 5
    Avoid passing......
    • vehicles on the right side
    • and
    • other emergency vehicles

    pg. 164
  30. Ladder Chapter 5
    Snow chains may lose effectivness in snows deepr than....
    3 to 6 inches

    pg 166
  31. Ladder Chapter 5
    In snow and/or ice it takes an E. vehicle ...... to ...... more times to stop than on dry pavements
    3 to 15 times more

    pg. 166
  32. Ladder Chapter 5
    Under normal operating conditions the inter-axle differential switch should be left in the ........... position
    unlocked

    pg 166
  33. Ladder Chapter 5
    (T/F)
    sometimes, increasing the speed of an apparatus by only 20 mph can decrease the audible distance of the siren by 250 feet or more
    True

    pg. 167
  34. Ladder Chapter 5
    When more than one unit is responding to a call what should the distance be between them?
    • 300 to 500 ft
    • pg168
  35. Ladder Chapter 5
    Traffic Control Devices include......
    • traffice signals infront of fire stations
    • strobe light emmitters (opticom)
    • audible systems equiped with a microphone to hear the
  36. Ladder Chapter 5
    Tiller operator's driving assignments include:
    • 1. straight line driving
    • 2. turning and backing
    • 3. proper placement of the trailer at fires.
  37. Ladder Chapter 5
    T/F
    Tiller operator should ALWAYS trail in-line on straghtaways
    true

    pg. 172
  38. Ladder Chapter 5

    Do not overtill on turns. Turning speed should be below 20-25 mph
    • true
    • pg. 174
  39. Ladder Chapter 5
    The NFPA Standard for a fire service vehicle operations training program
    • NFPA 1451
    • pg 176
  40. Ladder Chapter 6
    T/F
    There are hard and fast rules for positioning the ladder
    • False
    • pg. 188
  41. Ladder Chapter 6
    It is crucial to obtain the optimum scen position for ladders and preferable on the first attempt
    pg. 188
  42. Ladder Chapter 6
    If 2 ladders on scene, one to front one to the back
    pg. 189
  43. Ladder Chapter 6
    if 2 ladders on scene with understood condition one approaches while other stages one block away
    pg. 189
  44. Ladder Chapter 6
    When 1 ladder arrives should take place in strategicaly sound position in front of building
    pg. 189
  45. Ladder Chapter 6
    Buildings less than 5 storries, ladder is on the ...........
    Building more than 5 storries, ladder is on the.....
    • outside
    • inside

    pg. 189
  46. Ladder Chapter 6
    4 main Tactical uses for any arial device are....
    • 1. Rescue
    • 2. Access to upper floors
    • 3. Ventilation
    • 4. Fire suppression
  47. Ladder Chapter 6
    Long extensions at low angles place the ......... amount of stress on the arial device.
    maximum

    pg. 190
  48. Ladder Chapter 6
    T/F
    Stresses are those factors that work against the strength of the aerial device.
    true

    pg. 190
  49. Ladder Chapter 6
    RESCUE
    the best rescue approach is from...... and if possible driver should position unit for rescue at the .........of the building
    • upwind
    • corner
    • pg. 191
  50. Ladder Chapter 6
    RESCUE
    in platform, position unit directly in front of target
    pg. 92
  51. Ladder Chapter 6
    ACCESS TO UPPER LEVELS
    1. used as a means of egress
    2. Allows interior attack crews to advance hoselines toward the fire area from the unburned side.
    pg. 192
  52. Ladder Chapter 6
    VENTILATION
    1. May position to work off apparatus
    2. Flat roof position from the unburned side
    3. 6 ft above roof for visibility and egress
    4. Horizontal vent: Upwind and above the window
    pg. 193
  53. Ladder Chapter 6
    Elevated Master Streams can be used as....
    • 1. Blitz attacks
    • 2. defensive attacks
    • 3. exposure protection

    pg. 194
  54. Ladder Chapter 6

    Never use a master stream as an externa fire attack device when.....
    Crews are working inside the building

    pg. 194
  55. Ladder Chapter 6

    Master Arial Stream can be used closer to the ground but only when
    the turntable is directly inline with the intended target

    pg. 194
  56. Ladder Chapter 6
    Target the master stream at the ceiling of the fire area. this will....
    not disturbe the thermal balance and create a near perfect atmosphere for stream conversion.

    pg. 195
  57. Ladder Chapter 6

    Position the ladder on the ............. to decrease the chance of damage in collapse and radiant heat
    corners

    pg. 195
  58. Ladder Chapter 6
    Driver must be aware of surface conditions. Soft surfaces are a ........ resort. Also be aware of ............conditions
    • Last
    • Changing


    pg. 196
  59. Ladder Chapter 6
    Vaulted Surfaces can be a problem when parking. Manholes are a good indiaction of these surfaces. These surfaces are .............. for the support of the erial apparatus
    unstabble

    pg. 196
  60. Ladder Chapter 6
    Stabilizer pads provide better.....
    weight distribution

    pg. 196
  61. Ladder Chapter 6
    When possible, driver should avoid parking on ....... surfaces
    snowy or icy. Opperator should monitor the ground for melting conditions that would lessent the stabilizer effectiveness.

    pg. 197
  62. Ladder Chapter 6
    In cold conditions, avoid parking so that the stream will be operated against the wind thus icing the ladder. If build up of ice,.............. is a method of removing the ice by ext. and ret. the ladder
    • ice shrugging
    • pg. 198
  63. Ladder Chapter 6
    In hot weather, consider that heat may ............. firm paved surfaces
    • weaken
    • pg. 198
  64. Ladder Chapter 6
    In windy conditions, the overal stability may be weakend by the force of the wind. The wind also ............ the other loads placed on the device
    magnifies.

    pg. 198
  65. Ladder Chapter 6
    With electrical hazards and other obstructions it is just as important to look up as it is to look down. Maintain a distance of at least ........... feet between the aerial device and overhead elec. lines
    10 feet

    pg. 199
  66. Ladder Chapter 6
    Articulating boom drivers have to monitor the ............. and the ................ around hazards
    • platform and boom joint
    • pf.199
  67. Ladder Chapter 6
    Stability of aerial app. can be improved by operating the aerial device in line with the ...........axis (app. body).
    • Longitudinal
    • pg. 200
  68. Ladder Chapter 6
    The app. is most stable when the device is operated directly over the front or rear of the vehical. angling away from this position.........the stability.
    • decreases
    • pg. 200
  69. Ladder Chapter 6
    An angle perpindicular to the apparatus is the ............ stable position
    • least
    • pg. 200
  70. Ladder Chapter 6
    Rear mounted arial device maximize the reach by ......... in to the location.
    • backing into
    • pg. 200
  71. Ladder Chapter 6
    Jacknifing.
    Tillered app. can ......... the stability by jacknifing the app. Greatest stability is at a ............ angle away from the ladder operation
    • increase, 60 degree
    • pg. 200
  72. Ladder Chapter 6
    Aerial Device stress. Stress is increased when the ladder rungs are operatioed non-parallel to the ground or when the app. is parked on an incline and the device must be opperated off the side.
    pg. 201
  73. Ladder Chapter 6
    The max loading for any unsupported aerial device (cantilever) occurs when operated at angles between ....... and ......... from horizontal
    • 70 and 80 degrees
    • pg. 203
  74. Ladder Chapter 6
    As ................ increases, aerial loading must decrease
    • extension
    • pg. 203
  75. Ladder Chapter 6
    when parking take into consideration the condition of the building and the extent of damage. Consider the colapse zone of ............ times the building height.
    • 1.5
    • pg. 204
  76. Ladder Chapter 6
    Unstable building indicators include......
    • bulging walls
    • sagging roofs
    • large cracks in the exterior
    • Falling bricks, blocks or mortar
    • interior collapse
    • Results of preincident plan pg. 204
  77. Ladder Chapter 6
    Fire intensity and/or growth may determing placement. Leave yourself a way out and don't make yourself an
    • exposure
    • pg. 205
  78. Ladder Chapter 6
    be mindful of ............debris
    • falling
    • pg. 205
  79. Ladder Chapter 6
    Level 1 staging is applied to the initial response for a fire or medical incident invloving more than one company.
    Level 2 staging is used in greater alarm situations where a lage number of emergency vehicles are responding to an incident
    pg. 206
  80. Ladder Chapter 6
    Level 1 staging:
    Later arriving units park or stage at least ...... bock before reaching the scene in the ............. of travel.
    • one block, and direction of travel
    • pg. 206
  81. Ladder Chapter 6
    Level 2 staging is used when numerous vehicales. A staging location will be created. First arriving unit will be ............... Will communicate available resources to Operations Section Chief.
    • Staging Area Manager.
    • pg. 206
  82. Ladder Chapter 6
    Staging Area: secure area that is free from ................ traffic. Staging maneger should be close to intrance with ........... lights on.
    • nonemergency traffic, emergency lights on
    • pg. 207
  83. Ladder Chapter 6
    Some of the most dangerous scenarios faced by firefighters are operations on highways, interstates, turnpikes and other busy roadways.
    pg. 208
  84. Ladder Chapter 6
    During nighttime incidents, use a ................ number of warning lights at the scene to prevent blinding other drivers
    • minimum
    • pg. 208
  85. Ladder Chapter 6
    consider parking additonal vehicles ........ to ........ ft behind the shilding apperatus, especially on elevated roadways
    • 150 to 200
    • pg. 209
  86. Ladder Chapter 6
    if deploying an areal apperatus on a roadway consider the vibration in relation to the stability, especialy on elevated roadways
    pg. 209
  87. Ladder Chapter 6
    Haz Mat
    Always stop well short of incident. Dont park over....... and........
    • manholes and drains
    • pg. 210
  88. Ladder Chapter 6
    Hazmat
    Park ........ and .......... of the inciedent
    • upwind and uphill
    • pg. 210
  89. Ladder Chapter 6
    HazMat
    Hot zone is the area surrounding the incident also know as the
    • restricted zone
    • exculsion zone
    • red zone
    • pg. 211
  90. Ladder Chapter 6
    HazMat
    Warm zone is the area next to the hot zone. used to support workers in the .......zone
    • hot
    • pg. 211
  91. Ladder Chapter 6
    HazMat
    cold zone encompasses the warm zone and is used to carry out all other support functions fo the incident.
    pg. 211
  92. Ladder Chapter 6
    Always treat a railroad track as an active railroad line. Never park an apparatus on the railroad tracks
    pg. 211
  93. Ladder Chapter 6
    keep app. at least .............. ft from tracks
    • 25
    • pg. 212
  94. Ladder Chapter 6
    allow the .............the best position for patient loading
    • ambulance
    • pg. 212
  95. Ladder Chapter 6
    The 3 basic types of aircraft incidents to which a aerial app may respond:
    • 1. Aircraft inc. involving extrication
    • 2. Aircraft inc. involving extrication complicated by fire
    • 3. Non-Incident-related aircraft fires
    • pg 213
  96. Ladder Chapter 6
    Do NOT position near running jet ingines or designated danger zones around jet engines
    pg. 214
  97. Ladder Chapter 6
    the aerial device in air craft situations may be used to :
    • ventilate
    • rescue passengers
    • deploy handlines to the interior
    • master stream applications
    • pg. 214
  98. Ladder Chapter 6
    Aircraft
    be mindful of:
    • Pools of jet fuel
    • Position upwind of any fire conditions or vapors
    • watch for wreckage
    • Stage near expected touchdown not directly where it is supposed to land
    • pg. 215
  99. Ladder Chapter 6
    Bridge operations
    Be mindfull of:
    • Load capacity
    • standard 10 ft from lines
    • bridge is in good repair for deploying ladder
    • alert of wind conditions
    • bridges are designed to move slightly
    • bridges are prone to freezing faster
    • pg. 216
  100. Ladder Chapter 6
    Frequently used to provide elevated master streams at fires involving large.....
    • storage tanks or fuel/chemical processing facilities.
    • pg. 216
  101. Ladder Chapter 6
    Storage/Proccessing Facilities
    Never stage inside the dike that surrounds the affected tanks. Always position outside the dikes walls.
    pg. 216.
  102. Ladder Chapter 6
    Storage/Proccessing Facilities
    More efficient to discharge foam streams........
    • downwind.
    • pg. 216
  103. Ladder Chapter 6
    Storage/Processing Facilities
    positioning challenges include:
    • Narrow driveways
    • Dead-end accesses
    • Overhead obstructions
    • pg. 217
  104. Ladder Chapter 6
    Technical rescue includes
    • Trench, below grade, confined space
    • pg. 218
  105. Ladder Chapter 6
    Technical Rescue
    general principles may be used for tech rescue
    • min angle and extension
    • avoid parking where there is debris y other unstable sur
    • do not stress with shock load
    • do not park in the way of other resources
    • mindful of exhaust fumes
    • distance from trench walls
    • shut down engine of used soley for person-power
    • pg. 219
  106. Ladder Chapter 7
    Stabilizers help minimize ................. on the suspension
    stress

    pg. 226
  107. Ladder Chapter 7
    The ladder's center of gravity is at the .................... midline of the chassis, between the front and rear axles. Stabilizers help broaden or widen the base from the tires to prevent tipping over. base of stability is effectively increased.
    • longitudinal
    • pg. 226
  108. Ladder Chapter 7
    "Gravity Circle" is.......
    the the theoretical safety zone that surrounds the center of gravity on an aerial app.
  109. Ladder Chapter 7
    Setting the stgabilizers on one side of an app shorter than the stab. on the other side is called
    • Short-Jacking
    • pg. 226
  110. Ladder Chapter 7
    When short-jacking is done, never work off the .............side.
    • short jacked
    • pg. 226
  111. Ladder Chapter 7
    If parked on a lateral grade, the center of gravity will shift to the ........... side. The gravity circle may extend beyond the base of stability
    • lower
    • pg. 228
  112. Ladder Chapter 7
    3 Types of stabilizing devices:
    Straight jacks- extend down from chassis

    A-Frame-extend down and away at an angle

    • Box Stabilizers: extend out and down (H-style)
    • pg 228
  113. Ladder Chapter 7
    In order to opperate the aerial device, must use the aerial hydraulic system by engaging the ....
    • PTO (power take off)
    • pg 229
  114. Ladder Chapter 7
    PTO provides power to the .............pump
    • hydraulic
    • pg 229
  115. Ladder Chapter 7
    Types of PTO:
    • Pneumatic,
    • eletric,
    • hydraulic,
    • combo of the 3
    • pg 229
  116. Ladder Chapter 7
    PTO opperates at what psi air pressure
    • 50 to 140
    • pg. 229
  117. Ladder Chapter 7
    PTO is a
    • rotating shaft that transfers power from the engine to auxiliary equipment.
    • pg. 230
  118. Ladder Chapter 7
    "hot-Shift" PTO
    • A PTO system that does not have to be in a drive gear. Can be opperated from neutral
    • pg. 233
  119. Ladder Chapter 7
    Avoid placing stabilizers over.....

    and avoid ice. can melt with exhaust.
    drainage areas, underground tanks, vaults, and utility access zones

    pg. 235
  120. Ladder Chapter 7
    Stabilzer controls can be found...
    • the rear,
    • midship
    • some ladders have it on both sides
    • pg. 236
  121. Ladder Chapter 7
    Box stabilizers are most common on newer app. They are a ...........part device
    two part- out and down.

    pg. 236
  122. Ladder Chapter 7
    The rear tire of the app should be lifted to different hights depending on manufacture. .......... Stabilizers should be planted firmly on the ground
    • All stabilizers
    • pg. 239
  123. Ladder Chapter 7
    Fulcrum-type stabilizers are like Box stabilizers but cannont be ...............
    • short jacked
    • pg. 239
  124. Ladder Chapter 7
    Names for vehicle placement
    • Slope, laterally (side to side)
    • Grade, Longitudinally (end to end)
    • pg. 240
  125. Ladder Chapter 7
    Correction of lateral (slope) uneveness can be corrected up to
    5 to 6 percent

    pg. 240
  126. Ladder Chapter 7
    When on a lateral grade most recomend to lower the stabilizers on the.............. side
    uphill

    • although it says till firm contact is made, not final deployment.
    • pg. 240
  127. Ladder Chapter 7
    on a latter grade (slope) it is preffered to opperate off the ...........side
    • uphill
    • pg. 240
  128. Ladder Chapter 7
    Which is more challenging to opperate on, a lateral grade (slope) or Longitudenal (grade)
    Longitudenal

    • There will be lack of parallel operation which will generate lateral and torsional stressess
    • pg 240
  129. Ladder Chapter 7
    On a longitudenal grade, app should be positioned to minimize stress caused by that grade. Should be opperated either directly over the ...... or .........
    • front or rear
    • - should not be placed crosswise on a grade

    pg. 241
  130. Ladder Chapter 7
    The interlock prevents the flow of hydraulic fluid into or out of the stabilization system whil the aerial device is in use
    pg 242
  131. Ladder Chapter 7
    older midship and tractor-trailer aerials are the most likely to have ..........
    • manual stabilizers
    • pg 244
  132. Ladder Chapter 7
    on midship aerials, the estension arm is stored.....to the ground
    • perpendicular
    • pg 244
  133. Ladder Chapter 7
    on tractor-trailer aerials, the extension arm is stored in a recessed position ................ the goose neck portion of the trailer
    • beneath
    • pg. 245
  134. Ladder Chapter 7
    creating an angle between the tractor and the trailer portions of the truck, stability is dramatically............
    • increased
    • pg. 247
  135. Ladder Chapter 7
    Max stability occurs when the angle of the tractor is ......degrees from the center line fo the trailer while opperating to the outside of that angle
    • 60
    • pg. 247
  136. Ladder Chapter 7
    on tillers, angles less that 60 is less stabil as are angles from ............. to 90..................
    • 61 to 90
    • pg. 247
  137. Ladder Chapter 7

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