COM495 Final

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Cindy17614
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123426
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COM495 Final
Updated:
2011-12-13 15:05:27
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Capstone Com theories
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Final
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  1. In terms of
    defining communication, there are three points of critical conceptual
    differentiation:
    Level of observation, intentionality, and normative judgment
  2. The
    advantage of organizing theories of communication in terms of contexts of
    levels, (interpersonal, group, organizational, mass) is that it reinforces the
    tendency to think of these levels of communication as types that are different
    from one another.
    FALSE
  3. It is
    inappropriate to think of the field of communication as a social science; after
    all, not much of what we know to be commination theory is derived from the
    social sciences.
    FALSE
  4. The real
    growth in professional communication, as we know today, came:
    • mainly
    • afer World War II
  5. In the past,
    communication professionals tended to think of their audiences as being
    relatively active. Nowadays, the research that has been conducted confirms that
    audiences are indeed active: largely, individuals show active consideration of
    their choices, they are self-aware, they are conscious consumers.
    FALSE
  6. Play Theory
    suggests that play behavior is a normal part of human communication, and that
    media provides an important opportunity for individuals to be playful.
    TRUE
  7. Brain research now shows that children and adults are
    substantially more conscious while engaged in television viewing than we had
    previously thought.
    FALSE
  8. Theories are a form of discourse. More precisely, theories are
    discourse about discourse, or metadiscourse.
    FALSE
  9. Theories are a form of discourse. More precisely, theories are
    discourse about discourse, or metadiscourse.
    TRUE
  10. Theories can be and ought to be evaluated. In an effort to do so,
    the authors have identified 6 criteria to evaluate theory.
    • Theoretical scope, appropriateness, heuristic
    • value, validity, parsimony, and openness.
  11. The critical tradition is well exemplified by
    • Marxist
    • Theory.
  12. One theory we have studied makes two premises: first, that people
    know which opinions are prevalent and which are not; second, that people adjust
    their expressions of opinions to these perceptions. This theory is called:
    Public Opinion and the Spiral of Silence.
  13. The title of Lance Strate’s talk last week was
    On the Binding Biases of Time
  14. In terms of defining
    communication, there are several points of critical conceptual differentiation.
    • Level of observation, intentionality, normative
    • judgment
  15. The disadvantage of organizing
    theories of communication in terms of contexts of levels is that it
    • reinforces the tendency to think of these levels
    • of communication as types that are different from one another.
  16. In class discussions, we note
    that the real growth in professional communication, as we know it today, came
    in the eyars immediately following World War 1.
    False
  17. The idea that media are a social
    institution is
    theoretical.
  18. In the past, communication
    professional tended to think of their audiences as being relatively active.
    Nowadays, the research that has been conducted confirms that audiences show
    • more
    • passivity than we once had thought was there.
  19. In the 1960s, it was typical for
    academics and communication practitioners to envision Americans as being part
    of a mass society. It is much more difficult to make the same claim today that
    Americans are part of a mass society.
    True
  20. The theory that media structure
    issues/realities for the public is commonly known as
    agenda-setting function.
  21. Play theory suggests that
    • that play behavior is a normal part of human
    • communication, that media provides and important opportunity for individuals to
    • be playful, that play is a kind of behavior that prepares us for other
    • experiences.
  22. Theories are rarely if ever, a
    form of discourse.
    False
  23. The
    Agenda-Setting Function is a three-part process consisting of:
    media, public, and government agenda.
  24. A very real possibility and one
    that has many social observers concerned, is that the continuing movement from
    mass society to communities could eventually result in the devolution of
    society.
    True
  25. Argumentative individuals are by
    definition assertive, although not all assertive people are argumentative.
    True
  26. Consistency theories are based on
    the assumption of
    homeostasis.
  27. According to Goffman, a frame is
    a basic organization pattern used to define the strip.
    True
  28. addresses the way we infer the cause of
    behavior—both our own and others.
    Attribution theory
  29. According to Langer, the central
    problem of philosophy and of communication is
    • symbols
    • because they underlie all human knowing and understanding.
  30. Affiliation
    • seems
    • to correlate positively with uncertainty reduction.
  31. If two people have a relationship
    in which they have the same degree of authority and power (throughout various
    aspects of their relationship), this can be referred to as a balanced
    relationship.
    False
  32. Parents in consensual families
    tend to be traditional in their marital orientation.
    True
  33. From the standpoint of social
    penetration theories, it is assumed that the function of communication is
    environmental control.
    True
  34. The perception of an individual’s
    position in a group is a function of three dimensions: suggestions, opinions,
    and information.
    False
  35. A bona fide group is a naturally
    occurring group. In this sense, all groups, unless they are artificially
    created in a laboratory, are bona fide, because all groups are part of a larger
    system.
    True
  36. Functional theories of group
    communication view the process as an instrument by which groups make decisions,
    emphasizing the connection between the quality of communication and the quality
    of the group’s output.
    True
  37. Group cohesiveness can be both a
    positive and negative feature for individuals within the group as well as those
    individuals outside of it.
    True
  38. In class we noted that the single
    most important variable in establishing influence in a group is visibility.
    True
  39. Theories of organizational culture
    emphasize the ways people orient themselves around specific group rules that
    are found in virtually all organizations.
    False
  40. Organizational culture is
    something that is made through everyday interaction with the organization: not
    just task work, but all kinds of communication.
    True

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