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2011-12-13 22:56:34
Sociology Final

Sociology Final
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  1. Sociology
    Social Science, deals with various social groups we encounter in world today; study social groups modes of organization, processes, relationships between groups; deals with group behavior
  2. Major clue that we are talking about something in "sociologic" terms
    Groups or family
  3. What country produced "founding fathers" of social science
  4. Sociology of funeral service
    Addresses funeral & disposition of remains, various social groups; begins with arrangment conference, ends with gravesite

    Affect of death and how family responds
  5. Who are interested in internal organization and operation of social groups; the ways they maintain or change organizations and the relationship between social groups
  6. Culture
    Abstract patterns of and for living and dying, which are learned directly or indirectly
  7. Learning from parents and formal education
    Direct learning
  8. Learning stimulated by our culture environment
    Indirect learning
  9. Urbanization
    Increase in percentage of population living in urban settlements and resulting increase in influence of urban culture and lifestyles
  10. Urbanization affects people
    In loss of individual
  11. Cultural universal
    Abstract patterns concerned with living and dying, which are identifiable in all cultures
  12. Ethnocentrism
    Emotional attitude that one's own race, nation, group, or culture is superior to all others
  13. Difference between a rite, a ritual and a ceremony
    Ceremony - performance; not as much symbolic

    Rite - event; ritual enactment

    Ritual is within rite
  14. Any type of rite where body of deceased is present
  15. Memorial service
    Funeral rite where body is NOT present
  16. All-inclusive term to describe either a funeral or memorial service
    Funeral Rite
  17. Traditional funeral rite
    Those that follow prescribed ritual or ceremony which may be dictated either by religious beliefs or social customs of society
  18. Adaptive funeral rite
    Adjusted to needs and wants of those directly involved; altered to suit trends of times
  19. Humanistic funeral rite
    Devoid of religious connotation
  20. Characterisitic of humanistic funeral rite
    No religious connotation; led by family or friends
  21. A rite that can be identified with pre-literate society
    Primitive Funeral Rite
  22. Funeral rite is a social function
  23. Enculturation; also called what
    Method by which culture or way of life, are learned by new members; or called socialization
  24. Mores; called what
    Morally-binding behaviors relating to death that must be followed; "must-behaviors"
  25. Taboos
    Must-behavior tells individuals to abstain from certain dealings with death
  26. "Must-behaviors" required by those who "govern"
  27. Specific steps to carry out laws
  28. Creation of system which governs through departments and subdivisions managed by sets of officials following an inflexible routine
  29. Living or happening in same period
  30. Custom
    Social behavior as directed by tradition of people
  31. Cremation
    Process by which dead human body is reduced to inorganic bone fragments in specially designed retort
  32. Someone involved in any and all of various stages of funeralization is known as a ________
    Funeral Service Practitioner
  33. A basic focus of a great deal of sociological study focuses on the _____
    Family unit
  34. The funeral director's main concern about the families they serve
    Impact of death of a member of family
  35. Funeral directors client
    The family
  36. A FD needs to understand the make-up of the familly unit in order to give adequate _______ to a family
    Advice and counsel
  37. It is important for the funeral director to determine the _____ the deceased played in the family to understand the kind of impact the death will have
  38. When a family member dies, the FD first had to determine who ____ the family unit
  39. Family _____ is divided into three main types
  40. Three main family types


  41. Patriarchal family
    Male is doninant governing force; oldest male makes decisions
  42. Matriarchal family
    Female is decision maker; oldest female of family rules
  43. In Egalitarian families _____ family members have a voice in family governance and decision making
  44. How many identifiable types of family system are there
  45. Joint Family
    Father, Mother, all unmarried children and married sons wife and children; farm based; strong religious faith; conservative; little mobility, tied to land; all members contribute; large

    Loss would be less due to size
  46. Married daughters of joint family belong
    With family of their husband
  47. Family types are found in Appalachian region, Deep South, some Native American tribes and Amish communities
    Extended (Joint) Family
  48. The distinct characteristics of joint families; makes them very ____
    Farm based; Self sufficiant
  49. Joint familys have ____ religious faith
  50. Joint families are very ____ in thought and dress
  51. Joint families are not very ____ . They tend not to take vacations or relocate
  52. The effect of a death on an extended family
    Less hard due to size
  53. Type of family where other members of the unit raise the children if a parent dies
    Joint Family
  54. The death of a child in a large ____ family is lessened somewhat because of the number of other children in the unit
    Extended (Joint)
  55. Major family type is the smallest
    Nuclear family
  56. Nuclear family
    Mother, father and their unmarried children; matriarchal, patriarchal, or egalitarian; one of smallest units; economic condition centers around total income; both parents work; more liberal in through and dress; mobile, take vacations, willing to relocate for work; death is greater loss, especially or parent; more child-oriented
  57. Governance can be patriarchal, matriarchal or egalitarian
    Nuclear Family
  58. The economic condition of the ____ family centers of the total income of the unit. Both parents may work to support the family
  59. Characteristic of nuclear family
    Smallest, more mobile, liberal
  60. Impact of death greatly affects a ____ family
  61. If one parent dies, the ____ family may suffer economic difficulties
  62. If the FD is serving a patriarchal family and the father has dies, what might the family be looking for in the (male) funeral director
  63. The ____ family have interacting links that can assist the family with security, protection and help. These links can come through kinship, social friendships, fraternal associations of via the church group to which the family belongs
    Nuclear; Extended Nuclear
  64. Linkages (mentioned before) can be described as a ______ family system
    Modified Extended Nuclear
  65. Urbanization, industralization and bureaucratization are responsible for brining about gradual _____
  66. Industralization (hint: Ford Motor Co)
    Change from independent multitalented slef sufficent family centers to employment of family members in jobs outside unit making them dependant on outside resources for their needs
  67. According to Abraham Maslow, all people have basic ____
  68. Most basic needs, according to Maslow
    Food, water, shelter, food
  69. Highest of Maslow's need and the one that most people rarely achieve
    Self Actualization
  70. If a member of a nuclear family dies, which one of Maslow's needs will be most shattered
  71. When selecting a funeral rite, a family may base its decision on three areas of _______
  72. Three areas
    Freedom of choice

    Class or social level

    Economic position of family
  73. Freedom of ____ of an individual (allows control of economic factors involved with a funeral or memorial_ or family is a basic characteristic of a democratic society
  74. Third subdivision of socioeconomics affecting the American funeral rite
    Call of social level
  75. Although class structure and social stratification is not defined in American life today, it is present
  76. Inividuals rarely change more than one class level in a ____
  77. ____ is a major criticism of the funeral profession
  78. It is said a family with a higher income may be able to explore more funeral options than other families, but the type of funeral they select is based upon the intangible factor of how that family perceives the funeral rite
  79. The social class to which a person belongs (their occupation, income, living standards, availability to medical care) may determine their
    Life expectancy
  80. Major area that affects the American funeral rite
    Area of country, location
  81. ______ funerals are strong in the south, whereas in the west, memorial services with cremation have become the contemporary choice
  82. Ethnic concentrations as well as economic levels in different sections of American cities cause a great deal of variation in a funeral rite
  83. Often the _____ selected for a funeral is determined by the region in which the family lives (Example: wood producing areas and wood caskets)
  84. Style of casket and type of flowers are determined by _____ and _____
    Geographic prefrence; region
  85. Neo-localism
    Tendency to relocate away from area where they were born/raised
  86. An effective _____ is needed to introduce the funeral home including facilities and services to the consuming public
    Public relations
  87. The dominant religion in the US basically
    Judeo Christian
  88. Freedom of choice is one of the basic tenets of the American
  89. Capitalism
    Economic system in which envestment in and ownership of the means of production, distribution, and exchange of wealth is made and maintained chiefly by private individuals or corporations, especially as contrasted to cooperatively or state-owned means of wealth
  90. America is a very ___ society
    Youth oriented
  91. With respect to death, Americans are generally a ____ society
    Death denying
  92. Thanatology
    Study of death, dieing and grief
  93. With respect to neo-localism, America is a nation on-the-go. _____ is common and an accepted way of life
  94. Class
    Social grouping in which members possess roughly equivalent culturally valued attributes
  95. Demographics
    Vital statistics, or of births, deaths, marriages, in a population
  96. Socail Mobility
    The up-ward or downward movement of a person or family within the social classes of their society and culture
  97. Subcultures
    Groups within groups; divisions of a culture
  98. A period of time prior to the funeral which family and society at-large to comfort on another over the death of someone they knew or were related to is called _____
  99. A period of time where family and the society-at large can see the deceased in an open casket setting is called ____
  100. The funeral home is normally the site for the committal service
  101. Some ways a FD may make multiple use of the funeral home
    Church, community groups
  102. The deceased myst be viewed by at least one member of the family
  103. Calling hours must be set up to enable all members of the working public to participate in the visitation at a funeral home
  104. Method of pricing that makes a separate charge for each item of service or merchandise
  105. Three keys to successful funeral service in the future
    YOUR personal commitment to service

    YOUR adaptation and acceptance of change

    YOUR belief in yourself and in your profession
  106. Folkways
    Construed as somewhat less compulsive than mores of the same society, and do not call for a strong reaction from the society if violated
  107. Kin
    Blood relatives
  108. Amcient versus
  109. Another term for depersonalization
    Annanimity (lose sence of self_
  110. Single parent family
    One adult
  111. Categorization of people be money, prestige, power, and ranking of social status is called
    Class or social stratification
  112. Religion
    Culturally entrenched pattern of behavior made up of: 1 - sacred beliefs, 2 - emotional feelings accompanying the beliefs and 3 - overt conduct presumably implementing the beliefs and feelings
  113. A sensitive FD does when family members disagree on funeral options
    Summarize, offer options; encourage agreement
  114. Blended family
    Traditionally the family one acquires when a parent enters a new marriage, whether the parent was widowed or divorced; stepfamily
  115. In a nuclear family, when on spouse dies, who raises the children
    Surviving spouce
  116. Cultural relativism
    Attitude that all groups equal and important
  117. Religious groups that forbid cremation
    Orthodox Jews and muslums
  118. Within an extended patriarchal family, who would assume the leadership position in the familly
    Tom age 37, son
  119. Viewing the body may be beneficial in that it will reduce ___
  120. A deceased Native American on a scaffold is an example of what type of funeral rite
  121. A ribbon cutting at a store can be described as a _____
  122. A babtism is a
  123. The traditional location for the preparation of a dead human body for funeralization in early America
  124. The person in charge of a funeral
  125. Because funerals are present in every known society, they can be classified as a _______
    Cultural universal
  126. If we are able to relocate or travel we are said to be
  127. The sone and his family are included in what type(s) of families
  128. Urbanization has affected the funeral director in that
    it is hard to know families they serve
  129. In the past 50 years, church yard cemeteries have given way to
    Modern memorial parts or parks ?
  130. The first event signaling the beginning of a new family unit
  131. Sociology of funeral service begins with that at-need arrangement conference and ends with
  132. The upward occupational mobility of a nuclear family is
  133. How long the process of socialization lasts