Ch 11 Questions

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cwhite94
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123510
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Ch 11 Questions
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2011-12-13 20:14:59
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POLS V1
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FINAL
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  1. Senate alone has power to ______.
    approve treaties w/ foreign nations
  2. Most democracies outside the United States have a(n)
    parliamentary system.
  3. Gerrymandering contributes to the
    increasing pattern of polarization between the two parties in the House AND politics driven by ideology.
  4. The drafting of most legislation is done in standing committees, and the proportions of Democrats and Republicans on a standing committee are controlled by the majority party in each house. The majority party gives the minority a percentage of seats on standing committees based on ____.
    the minority party’s percentage of seats held in each house.
  5. Shortly after World War I, President Woodrow Wilson submitted to the Senate the Treaty of Versailles, which contained the charter for the proposed League of Nations. The Senate took the following action on the proposed treaty:
    The Senate rejected the proposed treaty.
  6. The key feature of the Great Compromise was its provision for
    population-based representation for states in the House and equal representation for states in the Senate.
  7. Celebrities often testify before congressional committees in the hopes
    that their star power will influence legislation, and in 2009, singer and teen idol ____ testified before a Senate committee to argue in favor of greater funding for research on Type 1 diabetes, a disease from
    which the singer suffers:
    Nick Jonas
  8. Members of the Senate serve ____-year terms.
    six
  9. When an election immediately follows a new U.S. census, incumbents typically enjoy the advantage of
    gerrymandered districts.
  10. The most powerful person in the Senate is the
    majority leader.
  11. Which of the following statements concerning the Speaker of the House is incorrect?

    A) None of these
    B) The Speaker's duties are listed in the Constitution.
    C)The Speaker chairs sessions from the rostrum with gavel in hand.
    D) The Speaker is a constitutional officer.
    E) The Speaker is the majority party's leader.
    B) The Speaker's duties are listed in the Constitution.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. A major reason for the use of committees in Congress is that they

    A) allow each party a say in legislation.
    B) allow members of Congress to develop and use expertise in certain policy areas.
    C) advise the president on policy.
    D) control the use of filibusters.
    E) aid incumbents in reelection.
    B) allow members of Congress to develop and use expertise in certain policy areas.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. The national parties continue to be strong forces in the legislative process because

    A) they control the nomination of House and Senate candidates.
    B) party leaders can help rank-and-file members get on preferred committees and climb the leadership ladder.
    C) they provide most of the funding for House and Senate campaigns.
    D) they often write and initiate proposed legislation.
    E) they determine who will get prime office space in the Capitol buildings.
    B) party leaders can help rank-and-file members get on preferred committees and climb the leadership ladder.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. The text identifies ____ as an important "external source of influence" on Congress.

    A) constituents
    B) parties
    C) All of these
    D) interest groups
    E) the president
    C) All of these
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. The Great Compromise concerned

    A. dispute of trading rules and regulations .
    B. powers of the presidency.
    C. representation between the states.
    D. slavery.
    E. division of voting rights.
    C. representation between the states
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. Which of the following is not a power of
    the U.S. Congress?

    A. to declare war
    B. to borrow and coin money
    C. to create federal courts
    D. to raise an army and navy
    E. to regulate intrastate commerce
    E. to regulate intrastate commerce
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. Which of the following are the current majority
    in Congress?

    A. blue-collar workers and soccer moms
    B. college-educated lawyers and businessmen
    C. Hispanics
    D. former actors and actresses
    E. African Americans
    B. college-educated lawyers and businessmen
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. Which of the following can occur after the
    president vetoes a bill?

    A. It cannot be reconsidered in that session of Congress.
    B. It becomes law if it receives unanimous support from each house.
    C. It becomes law if it is re-passed by a simple majority in each house.
    D. It becomes law if it is re-passed by at least three-fourths of the membership of each house.
    E. It becomes law if it is re-passed by at least two-thirds of those voting in each house.
    E. It becomes law if it is re-passed by at least two-thirds of those voting in each house.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. Traditionally, the Senate allows unlimited
    debate on measures before it votes, but there is a procedure for ending debate.
    What is this procedure called?

    A. germaneness rule
    B. unanimous consent agreement
    C. filibuster
    D. pocket veto
    E. cloture vote
    E. cloture vote
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. What term is used for the formal charging of a
    government official with “treason, bribery or other high crimes and
    misdemeanors”?

    A. filibuster
    B. casework
    C. gerrymandering
    D. impeachment
    E. apportionment
    D. impeachment
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. Every ten years we conduct a census which tracks
    our population shifts. What do we call the procedure in the House of
    Representatives to mirror these population shifts?

    A. reducement
    B. reapplication
    C. reduction
    D. didaction
    E. reapportionment
    E. reapportionment
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. Which of the following is a power solely of the
    U.S. Senate?

    A. regulate intrastate commerce
    B. impeachment
    C. casework
    D. ratify treaties
    E. overturn presidential vetoes
    D. ratify treaties
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. Approximately what percentage of incumbent U.S.
    representatives can expect to be reelected?”

    A. 70 percent
    B. 80 percent
    C. 50 percent
    D. 90 percent
    E. 60 percent
    D. 90 percent
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. What is the function of the Rules Committee in
    the House?

    A. It determines which members may vote and the length of debate on a bill.
    B. It determines only the length of debate on a bill.
    C. It determines whether a bill can be amended, while under consideration on the floor.
    D. It determines only which members are eligible to vote on a bill.
    E. It determines both the length of the debate and whether there are amendments.
    E. It determines both the length of the debate and whether there are amendments.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. 11. What is the most visible way that Congress performs its oversight
    function?

    A. discrediting and dismantling programs
    B. legislation
    C. informal contacts with agencies
    D. hearings
    E. reports
    D. hearings
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. 12. What do we call the temporary committee of Congress created to work out differences between the House and Senate versions of a specific piece of legislation?

    A. conference committee
    B. ad hoc committee
    C. standard committee
    D. joint committee
    E. select committee
    A. conference committee
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. To convict a president of impeachment, what
    portion of the Senate’s vote is necessary?

    A. simple majority
    B. simple minority
    C. three-fourths majority
    D. two-thirds majority
    E. unanimous vote
    D. two-thirds majority
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. Where does the real power of the U.S. Senate
    reside?

    A. president pro tempore of the Senate
    B. Senate secretary
    C. speaker of the Senate
    D. Senate majority leader
    E. vice president of the United States
    D. Senate majority leader
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. What term describes a delaying tactic used in
    the Senate that prevents action on legislation?

    A. gerrymandering
    B. filibustering
    C. logrolling
    D. cloture
    E. pairing
    B. filibustering
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. What term is used to describe a member of Congress who listens to what constituents want, but bases her or his vote on what she or he believes is best for them?

    A. delegate
    B. caseworker
    C. majoritarian
    D. pluralist
    E. trustee
    E. trustee
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. Approximately what percentage of bills pass
    through conference committee?

    A. 50 percent
    B. 20 percent
    C. 95 percent
    D. 5 percent
    E. 80 percent
    B. 20 percent
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. What do we call the process of reviewing agency
    operations to determine whether an agency is carrying out policies as Congress intended?

    A. veto power
    B. judicial review
    C. oversight
    D. germaneness
    E. legislative review
    C. oversight
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. Which of the following is common under a
    parliamentary system of government?

    A. The leader of the majority party usually heads the government.
    B. Legislators are chosen through proportional representation.
    C. The chief executive is directly elected by the people.
    D. There are extensive checks and balances between the executive and the legislature.
    E. Government is divided.
    A. The leader of the majority party usually heads the government.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. How many seats are currently approved for
    occupation in the House of Representatives?

    A. 435
    B. 535
    C. 350
    D. 515
    E. 475
    A. 435
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. Which of the following does not influence
    legislators on how they vote?

    A. the president
    B. political parties
    C. foreign diplomats
    D. interest groups
    E. constituents
    C. foreign diplomats
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. What is the greatest disadvantage of coalition
    governments?

    A. They tend to deny the will of the people too much.
    B. There are no real disadvantages of coalition governments.
    C. They tend to give too much power to the larger parties in power.
    D. They split up the votes, so that power is very tenuous.
    E. They give great leverage to small parties that do not appeal to most of the constituents.
    E. They give great leverage to small parties that do not appeal to most of the constituents.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. The growth of partisanship in Congress indicates
    future growth in

    A. representation.
    B. agenda building.
    C. pluralism.
    D. majoritarianism.
    E. proportionality.
    D. majoritarianism.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. first woman to become speaker of the house in 2007?
    Nancy Pelosi
  39. According to the Constitution, revenue (or tax) bill have to originate
    from the House
  40. Why do Americans hold Congress is such great disdain?
    interest group influences
  41. Which is NOT a power of Congress?

    A) raise an army & navy
    B) declare war
    C) coin money
    D) commission all officers
    E) naturalization of immigrants
    D) commission all officers
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  42. which agency holds the Impeachment Trial?
    the Senate
  43. Which agency confirms the presidention appointment of ambassadors, judges, and executive offices?
    Senate
  44. What is an advantage of being an incumbent?
    franking privilage
  45. What do we call meetings where committees & subcommittees actually debate & amend legislation?
    Mark-up sessions
  46. "Shadow speaker" in Congress?
    house minority leader

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