Final Psych Sect 1

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Final Psych Sect 1
2011-12-13 21:26:26
Section General Psychology

Intro & History of spsychology
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  1. Psychology
    the study of mental processes (cognitions & emotions) and behavior
  2. Nature V. Nurture
    • debate is ever present in psychological issues
    • personality decisions emotions and behavior are impacted by both
    • Genetic Makeup (NATURE) and Environment (NURTURE)
    • Note: our background and circumstances may have influenced who we are, but we are responsible for who we become
  3. Psychology
    both a natural science and a social science
  4. applied research
    which is the application of principles to practical problems
  5. basic research
    work that builds upon our knowledge base about various phenomena
  6. Social Psychology
    • examines primarily social interactions or phenomena that occur within a social context
    • peer pressure, mob mentality, social interactions, social rules, prejudice, self perceptions etc.
  7. Developmental Psychology
    • examines how people change over the lifespan
    • in thought behavior motivation
  8. Educational Psychology
    • examines processes of learning and learning disabilities.
    • Develops new ways of teaching.
    • Theories of learning and teaching.
  9. Industrial and Organizational Psychology
    examines behaviors in the workplace or some other organized group
  10. Clinical Psychology
    • specialized in the diagnosis and treatment of serious mental disorders
    • most versatile
    • expanse of training
    • assessment, treatment, research, data analysis, etc.
  11. Counseling Psychology
    Similar to clinical psychology but the focus on empirical skills is much less
  12. Neuropsychology
    • the intersection of psychology and neurology
    • professional to go see after serious head injury or after a stroke
  13. History of Psychology
    • only been around for 100 yrs
    • Philosophical roots
    • physiological medicinal roots
    • earliest root in psychology traced to 400 BC Hippocrates "father of medicine"
  14. Biological Approach/Neuroscience
    • behavior is caused by or stems from genes, the brain, and the nervous and endocrine systems
    • experience and behavior result of chemical & electrical activities in and around the cells
  15. Contemporary Paradigms in Psychology
    • Biological Approach
    • Psychodynamic Approach
    • Behavioristic APproach
    • Humanistic Approach
    • Cognitive Approach
    • Evolutionary Approach
    • Cognitive Behaviorism
  16. Psychodynamic
    Behavior driven from powerful inner forces such as instinct, biological drives, and attempts to resolve conflicts between personal needs and social demands to act properly main purpose of of actions is to reduce tension
  17. Behavioristic Approach
    interested in overt behaviors that that can be objectively recorded
  18. Humanistic Approach
    • People are innately good and are capable of choice, main task of human
    • is to strive for growth and development of their potential
  19. Cognitive Approach
    Focus is human thought and processes of knowing, attending, remembering, problem solving
  20. Evolutionary
    • combines psychology with with Darwin's concept of natural selection
    • mental and physical abilities have evolved over time
  21. Cognitive-Behaviorism
    • predominate today
    • successfully combines the strengths of both Cognitive paradigm and the Behavioral paradigm