the study of mental processes (cognitions & emotions) and behavior
Nature V. Nurture
debate is ever present in psychological issues
personality decisions emotions and behavior are impacted by both
Genetic Makeup (NATURE) and Environment (NURTURE)
Note: our background and circumstances may have influenced who we are, but we are responsible for who we become
both a natural science and a social science
which is the application of principles to practical problems
work that builds upon our knowledge base about various phenomena
examines primarily social interactions or phenomena that occur within a social context
peer pressure, mob mentality, social interactions, social rules, prejudice, self perceptions etc.
examines how people change over the lifespan
in thought behavior motivation
examines processes of learning and learning disabilities.
Develops new ways of teaching.
Theories of learning and teaching.
Industrial and Organizational Psychology
examines behaviors in the workplace or some other organized group
specialized in the diagnosis and treatment of serious mental disorders
expanse of training
assessment, treatment, research, data analysis, etc.
Similar to clinical psychology but the focus on empirical skills is much less
the intersection of psychology and neurology
professional to go see after serious head injury or after a stroke
History of Psychology
only been around for 100 yrs
physiological medicinal roots
earliest root in psychology traced to 400 BC Hippocrates "father of medicine"
behavior is caused by or stems from genes, the brain, and the nervous and endocrine systems
experience and behavior result of chemical & electrical activities in and around the cells
Contemporary Paradigms in Psychology
Behavior driven from powerful inner forces such as instinct, biological drives, and attempts to resolve conflicts between personal needs and social demands to act properly main purpose of of actions is to reduce tension
interested in overt behaviors that that can be objectively recorded
People are innately good and are capable of choice, main task of human
is to strive for growth and development of their potential
Focus is human thought and processes of knowing, attending, remembering, problem solving
combines psychology with with Darwin's concept of natural selection
mental and physical abilities have evolved over time
successfully combines the strengths of both Cognitive paradigm and the Behavioral paradigm