World Religions

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Author:
taney12321
ID:
123556
Filename:
World Religions
Updated:
2011-12-13 23:06:18
Tags:
Buddhism
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Description:
Buddhism
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  1. Who was the awakened one
    Buddha
  2. Who is Buddhism's leader, when did he live and describe his life?
    Siddhartha Gautama who lived from 560-480 BCE married Princess Yasodhara, had a son (Rahula), lived 6 years as a mendicant (an ascetic), awakened at 35 and taught for 45 years thereafter
  3. What is the name of someone who gives up everything?
    mendicant/samana - owns nothing begs for food and clothing
  4. What is the name of the path that Buddhism teaches us to travel
    The Middle Path - choosing between excess and nothing (Balance)
  5. What is the name of the tree under which Buddha achieved enlightenment
    Bodhi or a fig tree
  6. What is the name of the monastic community of nuns and monks
    sangha
  7. What is the name of Buddha's teachings
    Dharma - not to be confused with Hindu dharma
  8. What is the name of the wheel of rebirth
    Samsara
  9. What is karma
    cause and effect
  10. What is desire in Buddhism
    tanha
  11. What is the name of one who has become enlightened
    arhat
  12. What is the goal of Buddhism
    nirvana
  13. What are the Four Passing Sights
    • old man
    • diseased man
    • dead man
    • wandering ascetic
  14. What are the three marks of Existence
    • Anatta (no self)
    • Anicca (impermanence)
    • Dukkha (suffering)
  15. What are the 5 precepts for all Buddhists
    • 1) Do not take life
    • 2) Do not steal
    • 3) Do not engage in sensuous misconduct
    • 4) Do not use false speech (lie)
    • 5) Do not drink intoxicants
  16. Wha are the Four Noble Truths
    Living = Dukkha (suffering)

    Dukkha (suffering) results from Tanha (Desire)

    A cure is at hand

    It is the 8fold path
  17. What is the Eight fold path
    • Right views
    • right intentions
    • right speech
    • right conduct
    • right livelihood
    • right effort
    • right mindfulness
    • right medication

    VISCLEMM
  18. What are three types of Buddhism
    • Theravada (Buddhist teachings, meditation, SE Asia)
    • Mahayana (Buddha, 1/2 of Buddhists, NE Asia)
    • Vajrayana (mandalas, mantras, mudras, tantrism, dalai lama, Tibet)

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