English Lit Terms

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English Lit Terms
2011-12-14 00:31:46
English literary terms

AP English 11 Literary terms
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  1. Diction
    Style of speaking or writing as dependent upon choice of words
  2. Imagery
    The formation of mental images, figures, or likenesse of things, or such images collectively.
  3. Figurative Languages
    Speech or writing that departs from literal meaning in order to achieve a special effect or meaning, speech or writing employing figures of speech
  4. Simile
    A figure of speech in which two unlike things are explicitly compared
  5. Metaphor
    A figure of speech in which a term or phrase is applied to something to which it is not literally applicable in order to suggest a resemblence
  6. Personification
    The representation of a thing or abstraction of a thing in the form of a person, as in art
  7. Prose
    The ordinary form of writing language, without metrical structure, as distinguished from poetry or verse
  8. Structure
    A complex system considered from the point of view of the whole rather than of any single part
  9. Syntax
    The study of the rules of the formation of grammatical sentences in a language
  10. Theme
    A unifying or dominant idea, motif etc., as in a work of art
  11. Motif
    A recurring subject, theme, idea, etc., especially in a literary, artistic, or musical work
  12. Tone
    An accent particular to a person, people, locality, etc., or a characteristic mode of sounding words in a speech.
  13. Allusion
    A passing or casual reference; an incidental reference of something
  14. Apostrophe
    A digression in the form of an address to someone who's not present, or to a personified object or idea
  15. Symbol
    Something used for or regarded as representing something else
  16. Synecdoche
    A figure of speech in which part of it is used for the whole or the whole for a part, the special for the general or the general for the special.
  17. Analogy
    Similarity or comparability
  18. Anathema
    A person or thing detested or loathed
  19. Antithesis
    Opposition; Contrast
  20. Ad Hominem Arguement
    Appealing to one's prejudices, emotions, or special interests rather than to one's intellect or reason
  21. Myth
    Any invented story, idea or concept
  22. Novel
    A fictitious prose narrative of considerable length and complexity, portraying characters and usually presenting a sequential organization of action and scenes
  23. Parody
    A humorous or satirical imitation of a serious piece of literature or writing
  24. Satire
    The use of irony, sarcasm, ridicule, or the like, in exposing, denouncing or deriding vice, folly, etc.
  25. Alliteration
    The commencement of two or more stressed syllables of a word group either with the same consonant sound or sound group
  26. Assonance
    Resemblance of sounds
  27. Balanced Sentence
    A sentence consisting of two or more clauses that are parallel in structure.
  28. Cumulative Sentence
    The Combination of two ore more consecutive sentences
  29. Inversion
    Any change from a basic word order or syntactic sequence
  30. Parallelism
    Agreement in direction, tendency, or character; the state or condition of being parallel
  31. Periodic Sentence
    A sentence that, by leaving the completion of its main clause to the end, produces an effect of suspense
  32. Rhetorical Question
    A question asked solely to produced an effect or to make an assertion and not to elicit a reply
  33. Allegory
    A representation of an abstract or spiritual meaning through concrete or material forms
  34. Aphorism
    A terse saying embodying a general truth, or astute observation
  35. Dirge
    Sung piece of lament
  36. Elegy
    Spoken piece of lament
  37. Epigram
    Any witty, ingenious, or pointed saying tersely expressed
  38. Epitaph
    A commemorative inscription on a tomb or mortuary monument about the person buried at the site
  39. Fable
    A short tale to teach a moral lesson, often with inanimate objects as characters
  40. Lyric
    Pertaining to or writing Lyric Poetry
  41. Antecedent
    Preceding; Prior
  42. Caricature
    The art or process of producing such pictures
  43. Chiasmus
    A reversal in the order of words in two otherwise parallel phrases
  44. Clause Paradox
    A statement or proposition that seems self contradictory or absurd
  45. Consonance
    Correspondence of sounds
  46. Onomatopoeia
    The formation of a word by imitation of a sound made by or associated with its referent
  47. Conceit
    An excessively favorable opinion of one's own ability, importance, wit, etc.
  48. Epithet
    Any word or phrase applied to a person or thing to describe an actual or attributed quality
  49. Euphemism
    The substitution of a mild, indirect, or vague expression for one thought to be offenseive, harse, or blunt
  50. Hyperbole
    Obvious and intentional exagerration
  51. Verbal Irony
    A figure of speech in which what is said is the opposite of what is meant
  52. Pathetic Fallacy
    The endowment of nature, inanimate objects, etc. with human traits and feelings ( emotions )
  53. Oxymoron
    A figure of speech by which a locution produces an incongruous, seemingly self-contradictory effect
  54. Colloquialism
    Characteristic of or appropriate to ordinary or familiar conversation rather than formal speech or writing; informal
  55. Connotation
    The associateed or secondary meaning of a word or expression in addition to its explicit meaning
  56. Denotation
    The explicit or direct meaning or set of meanings of a word or expression
  57. Juxtaposition
    An act or instance of placing close together or side by side, especially for comparison or contrast
  58. Pedantic
    Ostentation of one's learning
  59. Predicate Adjectives
    An adjective used in the predicate, especially with a copulative verb and attributive to the subject
  60. Predicate Nominative
    A predicate noun or adjective in the nominative case
  61. Subject Complement
    A word or a group of words, usually functioning as an adjective or noun, that is used in the predicate following a copula and describes or is identified with the subject of the sentence
  62. Subordinate Clause
    A clause that modifies the principal clause or some part of it or that serves a noun function in the principal clause
  63. Syllogism
    An extremely subtle, sophisticated, or deceptive argument
  64. Rhetoric
    The undue use of exaggeration or display; Bombast
  65. Didactic
    Teaching or intending to teach a moral lesson
  66. Extended metaphor
    A metaphor that is extended through a stanza or entire poem
  67. Genre
    A class or category of artist endeavor having a particular form, content, technique, or the like
  68. Homily
    An inspirational saying or cliche
  69. Situational Irony
    An outcome that turns out to be very different from what was expected
  70. Dramatic Irony
    Irony that is inherent in speeches or a situation of a drama and is understood by the audience but not grasped by the characters in the play
  71. Litote
    Understatement, especially that in which an affirmative is expressed by the negative of its contrary
  72. Metonymy
    A figure of speech that consists of the use of the name of one object or concept for that of another to which it is related, or of which it is a part