Clinical Therapy Psych

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Clinical Therapy Psych
2011-12-14 04:13:50
Clinical Therapy Issues

Chapter 15 (only...for final)
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  1. Behavioral Therapy: Aversion and Social-learning
    • Behavior Therapy: begins with specific behavioral goals and then helps the client learn how to achieve those goals.
    • Aversion Therapy: an attractive stimulus is paired with a noxious stimulus in order to elicit a negative reaction to the target stimulus.
    • Social-Learning Therapy: clients learn how to overcom ecertain behavioral problems by observing and imitating thebehaviors of other people without those behavioral problems.
  2. Cognitive Therapy: (Rational Emotive Therapy)
    Seeks to improve people’s functioning by changing their thoughts and beliefs.

    Rational-Emotive Therapy: assumes that thoughts precede emotions, and that unpleasant feelings are a result of irrational thoughts.
  3. Cognitive-Behavior Therapy
    a hybrid of cognitive and behavior therapy.
  4. Humanistic Therapy I:
    Person-Centered Therapy: the therapist listens to the client with total acceptance & unconditional positive regard.
  5. Humanistic Therapy II: Gestalt Therapy:
    the therapist has people act out unfulfilled fantasies or dreams in a safe environment to achieve satisfaction regarding those needs
  6. Family Systems Therapy:
    an individual’s problems arise in a family setting and therefore must be dealt with by working to improve family relationships and communication.
  7. Group Therapy vs. Self-Help Groups:
    Group Therapy: involves the treatment of many clients all at once.

    Self-Help Groups: same as group therapy but without a therapist.
  8. Tarasoff Case:
    established that a therapist who knows that a client has harmful intent towards an identified person or persons has a duty to break confidentiality with the client to protect the endangered person.
  9. Community Psychologists
    Focus on the needs of groups rather than individuals and look at various ways to circumvent mental illness or lessen its damaging effects.

    • Prevention: methods aimed at stopping mental illness before it begins.
    • Intervention: identifying a disorder in its early stages and relieving it.
    • Maintenance: taking steps to prevent an illness from becoming more serious.
  10. The M’Naghten Rule:
    In order to be judged insane at thetime of a crime, a person must be so disordered that they cannot understand what they are doing. (Insanity Defense)
  11. Psychoanalysis (Free Association and Transference)
    Free Association: the client thinks about a problem and then says everything that comes to mind related to it

    Transference: the client’s experience of feelings previously associated with a parent or other important figure are “transferred” to the therapist.