How were Cooks actions similar to the
“Gunboat Diplomacy” of 1826, 1839, and 1843?
Cooks actions were similar to all of the other instances of “Gunboat Diplomacy,” because he threatened the head of state, holding the king responsible for the actions of the Hawaiian constituency (e.g. the people). His actions, as well as those taken in 1826, 1839, and 1843, were examples of foreign aggression against the native populace. All of these actions were acts of war against the Hawaiian kingdom, as the threat of military force was applied in every situation. The use of guns by Cook and all of the others suggest that their foreign policy was more about guns than it was about diplomacy.