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2011-12-14 11:39:39

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  1. Define Kinesiology?
    the study movement
  2. Ventral is a synonym of?
  3. Another word for rotatory motion? ch1
    angular motion
  4. flexion at the wrist can also be called? ch1
    palmar flexion
  5. flexion at the ankle can also be called? ch1
    plantar flexion
  6. What is considered midline for the toes? ch1
    the second toe
  7. What are the 4 joint motions combined in circumduction? ch1
    • flexion
    • abduction
    • extension
    • adduction
  8. What is the main sites of blood formation? ch2
    • ilium
    • vertebra
    • sternum
    • ribs
  9. Where is calcium and other mineral salts stored? ch2
    stored throughout all osseous tissue of the skeletal system
  10. Describe a compact bone? ch2
    • hard,
    • dense outer shell
    • thick along the shaft
    • thin at the ends of long bones
  11. Describe a cancellous bone? ch2
    • porous
    • spongy inside protion of the bone
    • filled with marrow
    • make the bone lighter
    • makes up most of the articular ends of bones

    aka: trabecuae
  12. What is the diaphysis?
    And what is it made up of? ch2
    shaft of bone

    made up of compact bone
  13. What is at each end of the diaphysis (shaft)? ch2
    • epiphysis
    • which tends to be wider than the diaphysis
  14. Bones are hollow in the middle. What is a medical term to discribe this?
    medullary canal
  15. What is the medullary canal filled with? ch 2
    • marrow
    • provides passage for nutrient arteries
  16. Define endosteum?
    And what does it contain? ch2
    a membrane that lines the medullary canal

    • contains Osteoclast:
    • which are mainly responsible for bone resorption
  17. In long bones, the flared part at each end of the diaphysis is called?

    And what is it made up of? ch2

    made up mostly of: cancellous bone and

    fuctions to support the epiphysis
  18. What is the periosteum? ch2
    • the thin fibrous membrane covering all of the bone
    • except the articular surfaces that are covered with hyaline cartilage.
  19. What does the periosteum contain? ch2
    • contains nerve and
    • blood vessels that are important in providing nourishment
    • promoting growth in diameter of immature bone and
    • repairing the bone
    • also serves as an attachment point for tendons and ligaments
  20. Define pressure epiphysis and its location? ch2
    is located at the ends of long bones where they receive pressure from the opposing bone making up that joint
  21. Where is a traction epiphyses located? ch2
    it is located where tendons attach to bones and are subjected to a pulling, or traction, force
  22. Multiple choice:
    Which bone tends to have more equal dimensions of height, length, and width, giving them a cubical shape. ch2

    Long, short, flat or irregular bones
    short bones
  23. Multiple Choice:
    Which bones are basicallly tubulare shaped with a diaphysis and two bulbous ends (epiphysis)? ch2

    long, short, flat or irregulare bones
    long bones
  24. Multiple Choice:
    Which type of bone have a very broad surface but are not very thick. Tend to have a curved surface rather than a flat one. And are made up of two layers of compact bone? ch2

    long, short, flat or irregular bone
    flat bones
  25. Multiple Choice:
    Which type of bone has a variety of mixed shapes. Such as vertabrae and sacrum. ch2

    short, flat, irregular or sesamoid bone
    irregular bone