Chapter 12 Questions

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Anonymous
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123656
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Chapter 12 Questions
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2011-12-14 14:09:16
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POLS V1
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FINAL
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  1. How do presidents exert influence over public policy & judiciary?
    appoint judges
  2. Most important person of president's Executive Team?
    White House Chief of Staff
  3. Who is next in line to succeed the president after the vice president?
    Speaker of the House
  4. Which is NOT a reason the modern presidential cabinets are so ineffective?

    A) cabinet meetings good for nothing
    B) cabinet members have limited expertise
    C) presidents have other staff members advising them
    D) choices often political appointments
    E) too large
    A) cabinet meetings good for nothing
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. What presidential directives carry the force of law?
    executive orders
  6. According to Richard Neustadt, presidential power is embodied in what characteristic?
    persuasion
  7. American gov. turned around 180 degrees with Ronald Reagan in office. According to him, what was the major impediment for America at that time?
    government
  8. Which of the following best describes the “honeymoon period"?

    A) It rarely exists anymore because the media place new presidents under close scrutiny from the moment they take office.
    B) It lasts for about a year, and gives the president a good opportunity to use public support to get his or her proposals through Congress.
    C) Most presidents make no major policy efforts during this period.
    D) It is always a period of unquestioned success for the president, both legislatively and in terms of public popularity.
    E)Few serious legislative initiatives are approved during this time.
    • B) It lasts for about a year, and gives the president a good opportunity
    • to use public support to get his or her proposals through Congress.
  9. Which of the following is an example of a delegated power?

    A) The War Powers Resolution of 1973
    B) A televised presidential address in which the president asks the American people to urge members of Congress to pass a particular bill
    C) President Nixon's imposition of wage and price controls
    D) A power that the president holds in reserve
    E) President Lincoln's expansion of the military during the Civil War
    C) President Nixon's imposition of wage and price controls
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. Surveys suggest that most of the Americans polled consider the following characteristic most important for someone serving as president of the United States:
    A) ability to deal with Congress
    B) morality
    C) intelligence
    D) be a strong leader
    E) ability to raise money
    D) be a strong leader
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Which of the following influences a president the most?

    A) U.S. Supreme Court rulings
    B) The White House staff
    C) The National Security Council
    D) The Cabinet
    E) Congress
    B) The White House staff
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. The Executive Office of the President employs close to ____ individuals, and has an annual budget of $800 million.
    A) 3,000
    B) 1,000
    C) 9,000
    D) 800
    E) 1,700
    E) 1,700
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. During the 1995-1996 session of Congress, the new Republican majority, controlling the House for the first time in forty years, did the following rather than bargain with President Clinton:

    A) Centralized government.
    B) Conducted overrides of every Clinton veto.
    C) Let the federal government briefly shut down twice.
    D) Eliminated half of President Clinton’s Cabinet.
    E) Failed to approve a federal budget.
    C) Let the federal government briefly shut down twice.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. The main communication link between the White House and Congress consists of:

    A) close friends of the president who are members of Congress.
    B) the Cabinet.
    C) the legislative liaison staff.
    D) party leaders.
    E) the vice president and his staff.
    C) the legislative liaison staff.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. According to Richard Neustadt, a president must make wise choices about which policies to push and which to put aside, and the following president described such decisions as a lot like poker by saying, “I knew when to get out of a pot. I didn’t stick around when I didn’t have the cards.”

    A) Gerald Ford
    B) George W. Bush
    C) Richard Nixon
    D) Lyndon Johnson
    E) Bill Clinton
    C) Richard Nixon
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. The following Chief of Staff of President Obama has a reputation of in-your-face aggressiveness, and his profane manner led one of his two brothers to give him a sign for his White House desk that says, “Undersecretary for Go &*%$ Yourself.”

    A) Rahm Emanuel
    B) James Carville
    C) H.R. Haldeman
    D) Hamilton Jordan
    E) George Stephanopoulos
    A) Rahm Emanuel
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. The power of Congress to declare war against a foreign country has not been used in the war against terrorism because:

    A) Congress did not have the votes for a declaration of war.
    B) there is no al Qaeda nation.
    C) the United Nations opposed it.
    D) NATO opposed it.
    E) None of these
    B) there is no al Qaeda nation.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. A disagreement has developed between Japan and the United States over the relocation of a U.S. air base on the following island, a place where Americans fought ground battles with Japanese troops in World War II:

    A) Okinawa.
    B) Hiroshima.
    C) Nagasaki.
    D) Guadalcanal.
    E) none of these
    A) Okinawa.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. President Bush and other members of his administration interpreted the Constitution as granting the president the power to see to it that the laws are ‘faithfully executed”, and his decisions overrode any efforts by Congress to give independent decision making powers to any agency of government under the theory of ____.

    A) the Cheney Doctrine.
    B) the unitary executive.
    C) presidential pre-emption.
    D) presidential war powers.
    E) the Bush Doctrine.
    B) the unitary executive.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. The president can grant pardons and reprieves except in cases:

    A) involving members of Congress.
    B) involving a political component.
    C) from the District of Columbia.
    D) involving felonies.
    E) of impeachment.
    E) of impeachment.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. According to the Constitution, the minimum age requirement for the president is

    A) thirty.
    B) fifty.
    C) forty-five.
    D) forty.
    E) thirty-five.
    E) thirty-five.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. The following law, passed in 1921, required executive branch departments and agencies to clear their proposed budget bills with the White House:

    A) none of these
    B) The National Debt Act
    C) The Legislative Liaison Act
    D) The Line Item Veto Act
    E) The Budget and Accounting Act
    E) The Budget and Accounting Act
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. Presidential vetoes tend to increase when

    A) the Supreme Court exercises judicial review with some frequency.
    B) it is the president's second term.
    C) the legislation involves civil rights.
    D) members of the House and Senate are facing an election.
    E) the opposite party controls Congress.
    E) the opposite party controls Congress.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. The Constitution requires that the president provide Congress with information on the state of the Union

    A) whenever he or she pleases.
    B) after the mid-term election.
    C) from time to time.
    D) at the behest of the Supreme Court.
    E) once every two years.
    C) from time to time.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. The phrase "divided government" refers to

    A) the separation of powers among the three branches.
    B) different parties controlling the presidency and Congress.
    C) Democrats and Republicans agreeing on a coalition government.
    D) Congress and the president being opposed by the Supreme Court.
    E) specialization in Congress based on committees.
    B) different parties controlling the presidency and Congress.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. By the “power to persuade,” Richard Neustadt means that a president must have

    A) the ability to deal with adversaries.
    B) None of these
    C) an ability to choose priorities carefully.
    D) All of these
    E) the ability to bargain.
    D) All of these
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. meow?

    A) mew
    B) meow
    C) meuo
  28. What’s the main reason President George
    W. Bush was so ineffective during his second term in office?

    A. There were too many scandals.
    B. Democrats regained control of Congress in 2006.
    C. Scooter Libby was convicted and pardoned.
    D. The vice president was too vocal.
    e. All of the above.
    B. Democrats regained control of Congress in 2006.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. Which of the following is one of the president’s
    checks on Congress?

    A. appointment power
    B. ability to grant pardons
    C. veto power
    D. commander-in-chief power
    E. administrative head of the nation
    C. veto power
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. Although our founding fathers wanted a strong
    government, what were they most wary of?

    A. powerful electorate
    B. powerful president
    C. powerful military
    D. powerful Congress
    E. powerful Court
    B. powerful president
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. Which of the following actions of our president
    is not empowered by our Constitution?

    A. to act as commander in chief of the military
    B. to make treaties
    C. to appoint federal officers
    D. to act as administrative head of the nation
    E. to act as chief of his or her political party
    E. to act as chief of his or her political party
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. Approximately how many vetoes were issued by our
    first sixteen presidents, from the time of Washington
    to Lincoln?

    A. about 75
    B. just shy of 100
    C. over 150
    D. just a few more than 125
    E. almost 60
    E. almost 60
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. When government is unable to act on policy
    issues, how do we describe that situation?

    A. presidential fault line
    B. congressional quagmire
    C. congressional veto
    D. congressional stalemate
    E. gridlock
    E. gridlock
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. Which of the following would not be
    considered a part of the Executive Office of the President?

    A. White House chief of staff
    B. Office of Management and Budget (OMB)
    C. secretary of state
    D. national security adviser
    e. all of the above
    C. secretary of state
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. According to the Constitution, what entity has
    the power to declare war?

    A. Supreme Court of the United States
    B. president
    C. president, on the advice of the National Security Council
    D. Congress
    E. president, with the advice and consent of the Senate
    D. Congress
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. What term is used to describe an endorsement
    from voters for the winner of a presidential election and her or his policies?

    A. congressional delegation of power
    B. mandate
    C. pardon power
    D. inherent power
    E. home rule advantage
    B. mandate
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. Which of the following has not been a major factor in increasing presidential power?

    A. congressional delegations of power
    B. theory of inherent presidential power
    C. crises such as war or depression
    D. constitutional amendments expanding presidential power
    E. increasingly aggressive use of formal powers
    D. constitutional amendments expanding presidential power
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. When contemporary presidents face resistance
    from Congress, what do they typically do?

    A. promote their objectives to a small group of party loyalists
    B. rely on the power of the veto
    C. bargain with a small number of party and committee leaders
    D. rely exclusively on fate and circumstance to win key votes
    E. rally broad coalitions of public support to pressure Congress to act
    E. rally broad coalitions of public support to pressure Congress to act
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. Lyndon B. Johnson used to use justice and
    injustice as code words for the values of

    A. sharing and hoarding.
    B. equality and inequality.
    C. order and chaos.
    D. punishment and freedom.
    E. freedom and incarceration.
    B. equality and inequality.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. What other major country attacked Iraq at the same time the United States did in March of 2003?

    A. Russia
    B. Great Britain
    C. Germany
    D. France
    E. China
    B. Great Britain
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. President George W. Bush named three countries
    as the axis of evil in today’s world. Besides Iraq
    and North Korea, Bush also named

    A. Syria.
    B. Afganistan.
    C. Iran.
    D. Myanmar.
    E. China.
    C. Iran.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  42. What did the Articles of Confederation provide
    for?

    A. parliamentary government
    B. no head of state
    C. powerful head of state
    D. president similar to the one defined in the Constitution
    E. weak head of state
    B. no head of state
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  43. What was President Ford’s most controversial act
    in office?

    A. pardoning Nixon
    B. defeating communism
    C. ending the Vietnam War
    D. replacing Nixon
    E. initiating daylight savings time
    A. pardoning Nixon
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  44. Which president first required that all major
    legislation by an agency or department be cleared by the White House?

    A. Abraham Lincoln
    B. Teddy Roosevelt
    C. Dwight Eisenhower
    D. Woodrow Wilson
    E. Franklin Roosevelt
    E. Franklin Roosevelt
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  45. What do we call the situation in which one party
    controls Congress while the other party controls the White House?

    A. divided government
    B. checks and balances
    C. cabinet government
    D. pluralism
    E. separation of powers
    A. divided government
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  46. Which of the following is not a
    constitutional requirement to become a presidential candidate?

    A. be at least thirty-five years of age
    B. be a U.S.-born citizen
    C. have lived in the United States
    D. believe in the pursuit of happiness
    a minimum of fourteen years
    e. None of the above; all are constitutional requirements.
    D. believe in the pursuit of happiness
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  47. Who is third in line to become U.S. president if the sitting
    president becomes incapacitated?

    A. secretary of state
    B. president pro tempore
    C. secretary of defense
    D. Speaker of the House
    E. attorney general
    B. president pro tempore
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  48. How would we best describe the contemporary role of the president in the legislative process?

    A. The president is active only if his party controls Congress.
    B. Under the separation of powers, the president distances himself from the process.
    C. The president may serve as chief lobbyist and be active in all stages of legislation.
    D. The president proposes and Congress disposes.
    E. The president can largely determine the content of legislation passed by Congress.
    C. The president may serve as chief lobbyist and be active in all stages of legislation.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  49. Which of the following is not one of the
    chief roles of the U.S. president?

    A. chief law enforcer
    B. commander in chief
    C. chief diplomat
    D. chief lobbyist
    E. chief lawmaker
    E. chief lawmaker
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  50. What is the dilemma of majoritarianism versus
    pluralism for the U.S. president?

    A. The president must please the masses, while catering to Congress.
    B. The president must please the justices, while catering to Congress.
    C. The president must do what is good for the whole country, while pleasing many constituencies.
    D. The president must please a few people, while ignoring the masses.
    E. The president must do what is good for a few, in order to get a little for everyone.
    C. The president must do what is good for the whole country, while pleasing many constituencies.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  51. Executive orders

    A. carry the weight of law.
    B. are explicitly described in the Constitution.
    C. require the approval of the Supreme Court.
    D. require the approval of Congress.
    e. none of the above.
    A. carry the weight of law.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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