pys testing 1

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pys testing 1
2011-12-14 16:46:45
psych testing

final !
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  1. What
    do personality tests measure?
  2. Personality
    • traits
    • Motivation
    • Personal
    • adjustment
    • Psychiatric
    • symptomotology
    • Social
    • skills
    • Attitudes
  3. What
    are the two fundamental components of personality assessment?
  4. Each
    • person is consistent to some extent
    • Each
    • person is distinctive to some extent
  5. What
    type of validity is most important for personality tests?
  6. Construct
    validity, due to lots of error
  7. What
    are the major tenants of Psychoanalytic Theory?
  8. Role
    • of unconscious
    • Vailant’s
    • hierarchy of ego adaptive mechanism
    • Projective
    • techniques
  9. What
    are the major tenants of Type Theories?
  10. Sorts
    individuals into distinct types or categories
  11. What
    is the “Type A” personality? What test was designed to assess Type A?
    • Type
    • A: coronary-prone behavior pattern (friedman/roseman)

    • i.
    • Hostile/angry

    • Type
    • B: easy going, relaxed lifestyle
  12. What
    are the major tenants of Phenomenological Theories?
  13. Emphasize
    the importance of self, (Rogers)
  14. What
    is the Q-sort? What theory is it based on? How does it work?
  15. Stack
    • of cares with statements about self, 9 piles with restrictive rules.
    • Should come out balanced (statements: most/least like me)
  16. Whatare the major tenants of Behavioral & Social Learning Theories?
    • View
    • behavior as learned and as situation-specific
    • We
    • are our behaviors
  17. What
    are the major tenants of Trait Theories? What tests were designed based on
    different trait theories?
    • Dfined
    • personality with regard to traits or charateristics used to describe
    • others in every day life. Ppl have a set of traits that causes them to be
    • similar acaross situations.

    • Tests:
    • cattell: surface and source traits
    • Eysenc:
    • trait dimensional Theory
    • Five-Factor
    • Model
  18. What
    is the five factor model? What are the five factors? What is the evidence
    for the existence of these five factors?
  19. A
    • dimensional representation of personality structure based on broad
    • factors of personality.
    • Neuroticism: (emotional/nervous
    • v. unemotional/calm)
    • Extraversion:
    • Openness to experience. (curious/untradional v. conventional/narrow
    • interests)
    • Agreeableness
    • (soft-hearted/helpful v. suspicious/ruthless)
    • Consientiousness
    • (organized/ambitious v. aimless/unrealiable)
  20. What
    are the drawbacks of trait theories of personality?\
    • Difficult
    • to define/measure
    • Do
    • traits cause behavior or describe behavior

    Traits have low predictive
  21. What
    is a projective technique?
  22. Use
    • ambiguous stimuli to elicit a response thought to reveal unconscious
    • aspects of personality.
  23. How
    many projective tests were among the top 15 most commonly used tests?
    Where do they rank? (from the lecture)
  24. 3.
    • Sentence completion methods. 4.thematic apperception test. 5. Rorschach.
    • 7. Projective drawings. 15.Children’s Apperception Test.
  25. What
    are the four classifications of projective techniques & what are
    examples of each?
  26. Association Techniques: associate
    • word/picture to something. Ex. Rorschach inkblot test
    • Completion Tech. used incomplete
    • sentence stems. Ex. “my mother is a BLANK. Rotter incomplete sentences
    • Blank.
    • Construction Tech. Construct a
    • story about something. Tematic Apperception Test
    • Expression Tech. draw a picture,
    • person, house-tree-person (HTP); Kinetic Family Drawings (KFD)
  27. What
    is the Rorschach? How is it administered? How is it scored? What is the
    reliability & validity? What are the criticisms?
    • Inkblots, 10 cards. Scored by: location,
    • determinant, content, popular v. Orginal. Reliability from 0.0-.83. Little
    • predictive validity
  28. What
    are incomplete sentence blank tests? How are they used? In general, what
    are the psychometric properties of these tests?
    • Rotter
    • Incomplete Sentence Blanks (Risb)

    • i.
    • Used to determine if

    • Sentence completion series, forer
    • structured sentence completion tests, geriatric sentence completion form,
    • Washington university sentence completion test.
    • Good-split
    • half reliability/ Interscorer R.,/ Most
    • validity to make decision on someone.
  29. What
    is the TAT? What is the theory behind this test? How is it administered
    & scored? What are the psychometric properties?
  30. Projective
    • test
    • A
    • clinical tool to used to understand ones unconscious needs/conflicts
    • through ambiguous pictures.
    • No
    • standard administration, subjects area sked to make up a story that
    • includes whats happening in the pic ect..
    • Theory:
    • Murrays personality theo60ry of Needs and Press.
    • Reliability
    • and Validity POOR. R under .30
  31. What
    are projective drawings? What are examples? How are they used? How are
    they interpreted? What are the psychometric properties?
  32. Designed
    • to assess intellectual maturity.
    • House
    • TREE Person, Family Kinetic Drawing ect.
    • Graded
    • by drawings
    • Interpreted
    • various ways
    • Poor
    • psychometrics
  33. With
    limitations in reliability & validity, why are projective tests still
    so often used?
  34. Illusory validation
    • Used as a tools for additional resources during
    • interview.