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do personality tests measure?
are the two fundamental components of personality assessment?
- person is consistent to some extent
- person is distinctive to some extent
type of validity is most important for personality tests?
validity, due to lots of error
are the major tenants of Psychoanalytic Theory?
- of unconscious
- hierarchy of ego adaptive mechanism
are the major tenants of Type Theories?
individuals into distinct types or categories
is the “Type A” personality? What test was designed to assess Type A?
- A: coronary-prone behavior pattern (friedman/roseman)
- B: easy going, relaxed lifestyle
are the major tenants of Phenomenological Theories?
the importance of self, (Rogers)
is the Q-sort? What theory is it based on? How does it work?
- of cares with statements about self, 9 piles with restrictive rules.
- Should come out balanced (statements: most/least like me)
Whatare the major tenants of Behavioral & Social Learning Theories?
- behavior as learned and as situation-specific
- are our behaviors
are the major tenants of Trait Theories? What tests were designed based on
different trait theories?
- personality with regard to traits or charateristics used to describe
- others in every day life. Ppl have a set of traits that causes them to be
- similar acaross situations.
- cattell: surface and source traits
- trait dimensional Theory
is the five factor model? What are the five factors? What is the evidence
for the existence of these five factors?
- dimensional representation of personality structure based on broad
- factors of personality.
- Neuroticism: (emotional/nervous
- v. unemotional/calm)
- Openness to experience. (curious/untradional v. conventional/narrow
- (soft-hearted/helpful v. suspicious/ruthless)
- (organized/ambitious v. aimless/unrealiable)
are the drawbacks of trait theories of personality?\
- to define/measure
- traits cause behavior or describe behavior
Traits have low predictive
is a projective technique?
- ambiguous stimuli to elicit a response thought to reveal unconscious
- aspects of personality.
many projective tests were among the top 15 most commonly used tests?
Where do they rank? (from the lecture)
- Sentence completion methods. 4.thematic apperception test. 5. Rorschach.
- 7. Projective drawings. 15.Children’s Apperception Test.
are the four classifications of projective techniques & what are
examples of each?
Association Techniques: associate
- word/picture to something. Ex. Rorschach inkblot test
- Completion Tech. used incomplete
- sentence stems. Ex. “my mother is a BLANK. Rotter incomplete sentences
- Construction Tech. Construct a
- story about something. Tematic Apperception Test
- Expression Tech. draw a picture,
- person, house-tree-person (HTP); Kinetic Family Drawings (KFD)
is the Rorschach? How is it administered? How is it scored? What is the
reliability & validity? What are the criticisms?
- Inkblots, 10 cards. Scored by: location,
- determinant, content, popular v. Orginal. Reliability from 0.0-.83. Little
- predictive validity
are incomplete sentence blank tests? How are they used? In general, what
are the psychometric properties of these tests?
- Incomplete Sentence Blanks (Risb)
- Sentence completion series, forer
- structured sentence completion tests, geriatric sentence completion form,
- Washington university sentence completion test.
- half reliability/ Interscorer R.,/ Most
- VAILD PROJECTIVE TEST USED TO ASS ADJUSTMENT. But not good enough
- validity to make decision on someone.
is the TAT? What is the theory behind this test? How is it administered
& scored? What are the psychometric properties?
- clinical tool to used to understand ones unconscious needs/conflicts
- through ambiguous pictures.
- standard administration, subjects area sked to make up a story that
- includes whats happening in the pic ect..
- Murrays personality theo60ry of Needs and Press.
- and Validity POOR. R under .30
are projective drawings? What are examples? How are they used? How are
they interpreted? What are the psychometric properties?
- to assess intellectual maturity.
- TREE Person, Family Kinetic Drawing ect.
- by drawings
- various ways
limitations in reliability & validity, why are projective tests still
so often used?
- Used as a tools for additional resources during