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According to the Federal
Rules of Evidence, what are the criteria that must be met to serve as an
- Present info that that
- jury doesn’t know already
- Testimony cant have
- Testimony must have some
- accepted theory
What are the requirements
that must be met according to the Frye & Daubert decisions before a
psychologist might use a test in doing an evaluation for the courts?
General Acceptance theory
- only can be used (Frye)
- Theory must meet a strict
What is malingering? How
do psychologists assess malingering?
Faking an illness
- Assessed by clinical
- interview, assessment measures.
What is the SIRS? What is
- Structured interview
- reported symptoms
- Tons of questions with rare illness mixed in to try to
- catch malingering.
- Test of Memory
- 50 items should, and repeated to test memory. Fakers
- will over emphasize the error.
What makes an insanity
defense? Why is testing not used in insanity evaluations?
Cognitive Element: didn’t
- know they were doing something wrong.
- Volitional Element: knew
- was wrong but couldn’t stop
What is competency to
Is the person able to
- understand the legal system and stuff
- Looks at the current
- functioning not the past
What tests are used to
evaluate competency to stand trial?
- Assessment Measures
What are the three main
approaches or techniques used to assess someone’s risk of future violence?
- Actuarial Risk Measures-
- fancy math with variables
- Structure clinical
What tests are often used
in child custody evaluations? Why are these tests limited in their
- ASPECT- battery of tests,
- result used to code 59 items of parental custody inventory
- Custody Quotient-
- ParentChild Relationship
- Bricklin’s Tests
What are Heilbrun’s guidelines for selecting
tests to use if forensic assessments?
Test should be
- commercially available documented in the Mental Measurments Year book
- Reliability over .80
were the outcomes of these cases related to testing in school: Larry P. v
Riles, PASE v Hannon? Which case later overturned the Larry P decision?
- p. Riles: Banned CA IQ tests from 70’s to mid 90’s
- v Hannon: found tests not biased against children.
- v Honig later overturned by Larry P (his own case :P)
the three major advancements in disability assessment?
- Law 94-142: education for all handicapped CA kids
- Law 99-457: inlcued Pre school kids (3-5yrs old) free public education to
- all disabled preschoolers
- with Disabilities Act (1990): forbids discrimination against qualified
- individuals with disabilities.
was the outcome in Myart v. Motorola?
- but than latter overruled
- of events for more tests to be challenged in court
are the major outcomes of the Civil Rights Act of 1964?
- practices cant discrimante on the basis of race, color, religion, sex or
- nationality and one day immigration status.
is the EEOC? What do the EEOC Guidelines address?
- Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC):Developed guidelines for fair
- employee selection procedures.
- by courts to make determinations regarding legality of employee selection
was the outcome in Griggs v. Duke Power & what was emphasized?
- against the use of tests without their proper validation
- demonstration link of tests to job performance, burden is on the employer
- to show that the test is related
- to the job, Degrees aren’t every thing
are the major tenants of the Uniform Guidelines on Employee Selection?
- impact (4/5 rule)
is adverse impact and how is it defined using the 4/5ths rule?
- when selection procedures favor one group over another
- one group has a selection rate less than 4/5 (80%) of the group with the
- highest selection rate.
- Example: 100 white. 50 blacks. 80 Latinos.
- 60 hired (60%), 22 hired (adverse impact), 41 hired (no
is Affirmative Action?
employees to constitute a workforce that mirrors the local demoegraphics.
were the major laws put in place by the Americans with Disabilities Act of
- discrimination against qualified
- persons with disabilities
- Unless: 1. Would cause the company to much money, 2.
- Disability interferes with a factor considered to be a business necessity, 3.
- Disabled worker poses a threat to the health or safety of them selves or
are the major outcomes of the Civil Rights Act of 1991?
- subgroup norming of employee selection test
- Cant use different norms for different groups
- use of separate hiring and promotion lists.
What is Computer-Assisted
interpretation, test design, test format
In what ways can CAPA
improve the accuracies of the testing process?
No error in scoring,
What are the four types of
- Scoring Reports: no narratives, just included: scores,
- scales, and confidence intervals
- Descriptive Reports: brief scale by scale interpretation,
- tells meaning of scale scores, doesn’t integrate information.
- Actuarial Reports: interpretation based on objective/clear
- cut, based also on studies.
- When conditions are met superior to clinical judgment
- Computer-Assisted Clinical Report: Interpretation based on
- judgment of Dr. that have been coded and programed.
How is multimedia
currently used in testing?
Employment Testing: IBM Test- Quintronics. 30 Situation
- response questions.
- CRSA (CONFLICT RESPOLUTION SKILL ASSESSMENT): 9 conflict
- scenes, multiple stopping points to make decision –like those cool option
- story books.
- Stuff its expensive, correlates low with IQ
What is Computerized
- Adaptive Testing: basal and ceiling levels of current IQ
- Computerized Adaptive Testing: flexible item selection
- Highly precise: testing goes until high level of
- measurement precision is reached
- Highly efficient: few number items used. Fewer than
- MMPI, Mass. Wth good/better accuracy.
How does Computerized
Adaptive Testing improve on paper & pencil testing?
Super cool over all. Realiable user friendly
What are the general
predictions for the future of psychological testing?
- Wider use of computerized
- More focused tests
- Focus on clinical utility