Women's History

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Women's History
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2011-12-14 16:56:45
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Women's History
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  1. Susette LaFlesche
    writer/speaker on behalf of Indian causes. Converted many white women to support Indian causes
  2. Lozen
    Apache woman who helped her people evade and attack the US army, until the Apaches finally surrendered. She performed all of the military and spiritual duties of a true warrior.
  3. Anti-Asian Legislation
    Attempt to restrict immigration from China and Japan. Chinese women were thought to most likely be prostitues--the Page Law of 1875
  4. The Grange
    Organization in 1867 to provide socialability and assistance to farm families isolated in the West and South. Women served as officers and delegates to national meetings.
  5. Populism
    An insurgent political movement of the 1890s that challenged the existing two-party system. It helped advance the cause of Women's Rights
  6. Jane Addams
    Leader in the AMerican settlement house in the US: the Hull House in Chicago. The Hull House was administered by a commuity of female college graduates like herself.
  7. Florence Kelly
    A Hull House member who developed a direct, long-term response to the frustrations and demands of immigrant life. Worked to develop protective labor laws to protect working class families from the worst of the wage labor system. Chief factor inspecor of Illinois helped compaign to improve factory conditions.
  8. WTUL
    Women's Trade Union League. Women's Labor organization founded in 1903. Objectives were to guard the home, estabilish an 8-hr workday, and to earn living wage
  9. "Public House Keeping"
    Women worked to drive out currupt machine politics and install reform mayors in various cities. Improved slum housing and established public amenities in Boston and New York
  10. Muller vs. Oregon (1908)
    US Supreme Court decision that allowed women's working hrs to be regulated by law. "Women are weaker than men."
  11. Triangle Shirtwaist Co. Fire
    30,000 teen girls, most Eastern European Jews went on strike. March 1911-Fire. 146 workers died. Mass Funeral
  12. NAWSA
    National American Women Suffrage Organization. Merged the NWSA and the AWSA in 1890. United ages but still racially segregated. Wrote suffrage amemndment in 1920.
  13. Carrie Chapman Catt
    NAWSA's most politically savy leader. President.
  14. National Women's Party
    Originally called the Congressional Union in 1913. Radical suffrage organzation led by Alice Paul and Lucy Burns. Goal was to pressure Congress to pass a suffrage ammendment.
  15. Margaret Sanger
    Nurse/reform activist who introduced "birth control." One of the 1st public activists for the cause. Influenced by Emma Goldman. Opened the 1st American Birth Control clinic in NYC in 1916. Founded the American Birth Control League.
  16. The Great Migration
    A migration of African Americans from Southern rural communities to urban centers in the North during and after World War I, as African Americans sought job opportunities as wartime labor. Women made up nearly half of the migrants, and for the first time entered factory work, but lost their jobs as the war ended.
  17. The 19th Amendment
    The constitutional amendment ratified in 1920 guaranteeing women’s suffrage. Also called the Susan B. Anthony Amendment, it gave women the right to vote in all elections nationally for the first time
  18. The New Woman
    A phrase intended to describe women of the 1920s who were businesslike and professional, smart and well-groomed, powerful and still feminine.
  19. Equal Rights Amendment
    constitutional amendment first proposed in 1923, calling for gender equality in the United States . Alice Paul and the National Woman’s Party (NWP) focused exclusively on passage of the amendment, which the NWP saw as a means to achieving political and economic equality with men.
  20. Women's New Deal
    A term applied to women’s experiences in the era of Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal.
  21. Dorothea Lange
    Photographer that took "A Mirgrant Mother"
  22. Francis Perkins
    Social Reformer, Secretary of Labor
  23. Mary Mcleod Bethune
    A black educator who used her position as head of the National Youth Administration's Division of Minority Affairs to push the New Deal to pay more attention to African Americans' needs.
  24. Molly Dewson
    Became the head of the Women's Division of the Democratic National Committee in 1932 and played an important role in bringing out the female vote for Franklin D. Rooeevelt in his first election.
  25. Rosie the Riveter
    Poster image that was part of a massive World War II propaganda campaign to urge women to do their part for their country by working in the defense industry. As men went off to war, women were needed in defense plants to provide the soldiers with war material.
  26. Japanese-American Internment
    The Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbor unleashed suspicions of Japanese and Japanese Americans in the United States. As a result, President Roosevelt ordered the evacuation and internment of some 110,000 people of Japanese descent living in the West; most of these were U.S. citizens born in the United States .
  27. The "baby boom"
    A term used to describe the dramatic rise in the birthrate in the period between the end of WWII and the early 1960s
  28. The Feminine Mystique
    Betty Friedan’s 1963 book, a best-seller that helped to ignite the second wave of feminism
  29. Women strike for Peace
    over 50,000 American women in at least forty communities staged a one-day peace demonstration protesting the nuclear arms race and the Sovied Union's and the United States' proposed redemption of atmospheric testing of bombs after a three-year moratorium
  30. Ella Baker
    One of the most influential “bridge leaders” of the modern civil rights movement. She began her activist work in the NAACP but soon became committed to mobilizing grassroots resistance. Baker played a pivotal role in the formation of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), influencing SNCC to embrace group-centered leadership with rotating officers. As a result, SNCC gave women the greatest opportunity to participate and influence the civil rights movement. Baker was also influential in the formation of the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party, which demanded but was refused seating at the Democratic National Convention in August 1964.
  31. SNCC
    Student Nonviolent Coordinating Commitee that emerged from yet another kind of mass protest, the sit-in movement that started in 1960 when 4 male studentts took seats at the "whites only" lunch counter at the local Woolworth's store, determined to "sit in" until they were served.
  32. Fannie Lou Hamer
    A local community leader in rural Mississippi who became a pillar of the southern civil rights movement. A forewoman on a cotton plantation, Hamer joined SNCC in 1963 and then registered to vote
  33. Women's Voluntary Assiciations
    Despite the cultural values that emphasized the domestic responsibilities of middle-class women, they participated in a wide range of organizations, both civic and political, in the 1950s.
  34. PCSW
    President’s Commission on the Status of Women (PCSW)—A federal commission appointed by President John F. Kennedy at the behest of Women’s Bureau chief Esther Peterson in 1961 to advance the cause of working women.
  35. NOW
    National Organization for Women (NOW)—A women’s organization founded in 1966 and modeled after the NAACP as a lobbying and litigating group. Focused on bringing about gender equality through legal and political means, NOW is considered representative of “liberal” feminism, as opposed to the “radical” women’s liberation movement.
  36. SDS
    Students for a Democratic Society. 40 college students meeting who protested against America's hypocritical claim to be the bastion of democracy.
  37. Women's liberation movement
    A women’s movement with the overriding goal of revolutionizing American consciousness and culture with regard to gender.
  38. Title IX
    A part of the Education Amendments Act of 1972 prohibiting sex discrimination in federally funded educational programs.
  39. Roe vs. Wade
    A 1973 Supreme Court decision that declared that all state laws making abortion a crime were unconstitutional
  40. Wounded Knee Occupation
    The 1973 occupation of the Wounded Knee Trading Post at the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in South Dakota
  41. Moynihan Report
    “The Negro Family: A Case for National Action” (The Moynihan Report)—A 1965 federal report written by Daniel Patrick Moynihan, then assistant secretary in the U.S. Department of Labor.
  42. STOP-ERA
    Stop Taking Our Privileges (STOP)-ERA was a grassroots organization founded by right-wing leader Phyllis Schlafly to block ratification of the Equal Rights Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.
  43. Thomas-Hill Hearings
    U.S. Senate Judiciary Committee hearings in 1991 that brought the issue of sexual harassment in the workplace to public consciousness.
  44. Post-1965 Immigration
    In 1965 the U.S. Congress passed the Immigration and Nationality Act that opened up America’s bordered to a new wave of immigrants.

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