AP History Midterm

Card Set Information

Author:
sarahcaitlin
ID:
123705
Filename:
AP History Midterm
Updated:
2011-12-14 17:36:14
Tags:
Civil War
Folders:

Description:
Civil War
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user sarahcaitlin on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. William H. Seward
    Senator of New York. Was antislavery & argued that God's moral was higher than the Constitution
  2. Jefferson Davis
    1st and only president of/ the Confederacy
  3. C.S.S. Alabama
    • British-built sea vessels that went to the Confederacy were also a problem.
    • In 1862, the C.S.S. Alabama escaped to the Portuguese Azores, took on weapons and crew from Britain, but never sailed into a Confederate base, thus using a loophole to help the South.
  4. Morrill Tariff Act
    It was a high protective tariff that increased duties 5%-10%. The increases were designed to raise additional revenue and provide more protection for the prosperous manufacturers.
  5. Fort Sumter
    • where South Carolina attacked April 12, 1861 to begin the Civil War.
    • Virginia, Arkansas, and Tennessee all seceded after the attack on Fort Sumter.
  6. Confederate Plan to Win War
    survive until Northern war spirit was broken
  7. Confederate Weaknesses
    less soldiers, no navy, less manufactoring by far
  8. Confederate Advantages
    • vast in size (difficult to conquer)
    • homefield advantage
    • fighting a defensive war
    • highly qualified senior officers
    • unified under president
  9. Anaconda Plan
    • Winfield Scott's plan to win the war for the Union.
    • to cut off all of the ports to keep the South from getting supplies. Won't work right away, will work over time.
  10. Clement L. Vallandigham
    • became a spokesperson for Peace Democrats
    • the leader of the Copperheads during the Civil War. He was briefly imprisoned in 1863 for maintaining in a speech that the war was being fought to free African-American and enslave whites. The 1864 Democratic platform reflected his pro-Southern views.
  11. John Wilkes Booth
    a southern actor; April 14, 1865; shot Abraham Lincoln to death in Ford's Theater.
  12. Monitor
    • Was involved in the first naval battle between ironclad ships against the Merrimack.
    • The biggest Confederate threat to the Union came in the form of an old U.S. warship reconditioned and plated with iron railroad rails: the Virginia (formerly called the Merrimack), which threatened to break the Union blockade, but fortunately, the Monitor arrived just in time to fight the Merrimack to a standstill, and the Confederate ship was destroyed later by the South to save it from the North
    • The lessons of the Monitor vs. the Merrimack were that boats needed to be steam-powered and armored, henceforth.
  13. Emancipation Proclomation
    • freed only the slaves in the states in the rebellion
    • did not free all slaves
    • intended to hurt southern production
    • also kept Great Britain and France from assissting the Confederacy
    • changed the focus of the war to slavery
    • was not popular in the North (led to riots in NY City)
  14. Copperheads
    • Copperheads were those who were totally against the war, and denounced the president (the “Illinois Ape”) and his “nigger war.”
    • Most famous was Clement L Vallandigham
  15. First Battle of Bull Run
    On July 16, General McDowell began to move on Confederate General Beauregard at Manassas Junction. McDowell attacked Beauregard’s soldiers, with aid from the forces of Johnston, near the bridge over Bull Run River and drove them to the Henry House Hill, but Jackson checked the advance and routed the raw Union troops.
  16. Battle of Gettysburg
    • Gettysburg: It was Lee’s second invasion of the North. Meade and Lee met just west of Gettysburg. First, the Union was pushed to Cemetery Hill. Then the South took the Peach Orchard but were repulsed. On July 3 Lee ordered George E. Pickett’s division forward in its infamous disastrous charge against the Union center.
    • won by the Union
  17. March to the Sea
    • led by Sherman
    • He burned Atlanta and set off, with a force of 60,000, on his famous march to the sea, devastating the country. His troops burned barns and houses, and destroyed the countryside. His march showed a shift in the belief that only military targets should be destroyed. Civilian centers could also be targets.
  18. Appomattox Court House
    where the war ended, April 9, 1865
  19. consequence of war
    state power decreased, federal increased.
  20. Edwin M. Stanton
    He was a politician who seceded Simon Cameron as secretary of war c1860. He caused a kind of civil war within Congress by opposing Lincoln at almost every turn. This only added to the problems that Lincoln had to deal with during the Civil War.
  21. Trent Affair
    warships stopped a British ship, the Trent, which was taking two confederate officers to England. This took place in 1861 off of the coast of Cuba. This showed the Americans impressing people now, nearly caused a war with Britain. This shows the separation between North and South at the time.
  22. National Banking Act
    The banking system was used to create the sale of government bonds and to establish a uniform bank note currency. The system could purchase government savings bonds and money to back the bonds. The National Banking Act was made during the Civil War, and was the first real step taken toward a singular, unified banking system since1836.
  23. Laird rams
    The Laird rams were two double-turreted, ironclad steamers, built by a company in England for the Confederate navy. The United States threatened war if these ships were released to the South, so the British purchased them for the royal navy. This was another source of diplomatic tension during the Civil War.
  24. border states
      1. 1. they are on the North-South border and…
      2. they are slave-states. They have not seceded, but at any moment, they just might.
      3. The remaining Border States (Missouri, Kentucky, Maryland) were crucial for both sides, as they would have almost doubled the manufacturing capacity of the South and increased its supply of horses and mules by half
  25. Union Plan to Win the War
    Anaconda Plan
  26. Union Weaknesses
    • the South is so big, its difficult to conquer
    • fighting an offensive war
    • mostly foreign territory
  27. Union Advantages
    • Wealth
    • Industry
    • Manpower
    • US Navy
    • Railroad Transportation
  28. suspension of habeas corpus
    Ex parte Milligan was an 1866 Supreme Court limiting the authority of martial law and the suspension of habeas corpus in times of war. In this case, the court declared that "martial law can never exist where the courts are open in the proper and unobstructed exercise of their jurisdiction."
  29. Andrew Johnson
    • succeeded Lincoln when he was murdered
    • Southern Democrat, before the South seceded, and Lincoln was a Northern Republican. These too covered almost all issues of the election.
  30. Salmon P. Chase
    Led by Salmon P. Chase and John P. Hale, free-soilers, abolitionists, and others convened in Buffalo, N.Y., in August 1848 to set up a broadly based party, Free Soil Party
  31. Merrimack
    • Was involved in the first naval battle between ironclad ships against the Monitor.
    • The biggest Confederate threat to the Union came in the form of an old U.S. warship reconditioned and plated with iron railroad rails: the Virginia (formerly called the Merrimack), which threatened to break the Union blockade, but fortunately, the Monitor arrived just in time to fight the Merrimack to a standstill, and the Confederate ship was destroyed later by the South to save it from the North
    • The lessons of the Monitor vs. the Merrimack were that boats needed to be steam-powered and armored, henceforth.
  32. 13th amendment
    completely abolishes slavery
  33. Union Party
    The Union party included all of the Republicans and the war Democrats. It excluded the copperheads and peace Democrats. It was formed out of fear of the republican party losing control. It was responsible for nominating Lincoln.
  34. Battle Antietam
    • enabled President Lincoln to issue the Emancipation Proclomation
    • THE bloodiest day in US History
    • persuaded GB and France to stay out of war
  35. Battle of Vicksburg
    General Grant was given command of the Union forces attacking Vicksburg. The city fell and surrendered on July 4, 1863. Due to back-to-back Union military victories at the Battle of Gettysburg and the Battle of Vicksburg, all Confederate hopes for foreign help were lost.

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview