soc 101 #2

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  1. collective action
    actions that take place in groups and diverge from the social norms of the situation. 2 types: croud collective action and mass collective action
  2. croud collective action
    the group of people have face to face proximity
  3. mass collective action
    not as close. not face to face
  4. convergence theory
    collective action happens when people with the same ideas and tendencies gather in the same place. (riots after soccer games)
  5. contagion theory
    the tendency of people to conform to the behavior of others with whom they are in close contact. (packing up early in the classroom)
  6. emergent norm theory
    emphasizes the influence of key notes in promoting particular norms
  7. social movement
    • collective beavior that is organized, purposeful and institutionalized but not ritualized.
    • motivated by social or political aim
    • use conflict and direct action
    • collective identity
    • shared commitment to social change
  8. alternative social movements
    little social change and specific change
  9. redemptive social movements
    specific group with more change
  10. reformative social movements
    target entire population but look for limited social change
  11. revolutionary social movement
    whole population and big change
  12. Classical model of social movements
    based on concept of structural weakness in society that results in the psychological disruption of individuals
  13. resource-movilization theory of social movements
    emphasizes political context and goals but also states that social movements are unlikely to emerge without the necessary resources
  14. political process model of social movements
    focuses on the structure of political opportunities. when political opportunities are favorable to particular challenger the chances are better for success of a social movement led by challenge
  15. 3 stages of social movements
    • emergence
    • coalescence
    • routinization
  16. emergence
    social problem being addressed is first identified
  17. coalescence
    resources are mobilized. concrete action taken
  18. routinization
    social movement is institutionalized and a formal structure develops to promote the cause.
  19. social movement organizations
    group developed to recruit new memeber and coordinate participation in a particular social movement
  20. social change
    transformations in social institutions, political organizations and cultural norms across time. can be major or minor. can affect everyone or a specific group of people. aim of all social movements is social change
  21. causes of social change
    • social movements
    • technological innovation
    • emergence of new ideas
    • changes in cultural identities
    • conflict
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soc 101 #2

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