Biology.txt

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jstreel
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123789
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Biology.txt
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2011-12-15 00:59:28
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biology
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biology final exam
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  1. Which is true about both photosynthesis and aerobic respiration?
    They require enzymes
  2. A reactant in glycolysis is:
    Glucose
  3. Glycolysis is a step in:
    Aerobic and anaerobic respiration
  4. Which is produced in the aerobic breakdown of glucose?
    Water
  5. Which is a reactant in photosynthesis?
    Oxygen
  6. In the presence of oxygen ____ molecules of ATP can be formed.
    36
  7. Where is the electron transport system located?
    Mitochondria
  8. Glycolysis uses the energy from 2 ATP molecules, but forms ______ molecules of ATP
    Four
  9. The Keene cycle is also know as the:
    Citric acid cycle
  10. Muscle burning and cramps during exercise is the result of __________ build up
    Lactic acid
  11. T or F. Glycolysis occurs in the mitochondria
    False
  12. T or F. Both autotrophs and heterotrophs undergo respiration
    True
  13. T or F. The net gain of ATP molecules after glycolysis is 4 ATP
    False
  14. T or F. More energy is released in aerobic respiration than anaerobic respiration
    True
  15. T or F. The total amount of energy gained by through anaerobic respiration is 36 ATPs
    False
  16. T or F. Activation energy and enzymes are needed in order for respiration to occur
    True
  17. T or F. During prolonged exercise an organism may undergo anaerobic respiration
    True
  18. T or F. Heterotrophs use radiant energy in an indirect manner
    True
  19. T or F. Respiration is an endothermic reaction
    False
  20. T or F. The net flagon of ATP molecules in the electron transport system is 36 ATPs
    False
  21. T or F. The reactants of respiration are glucose and water
    False
  22. T or F. Lactic acid fermentation occurs in muscle cells
    True
  23. T or F. Alcoholic fermentation is used in the making of bread
    True
  24. T or F. Fermentation is 16 times more efficient than aerobic respiration
    False
  25. T or F. Most energy is released in the krebs cycle of aerobic respiration
    False
  26. T or F. All steps of aerobic respiration need oxygen
    False
  27. T or F. Plants undergo respiration
    True
  28. T or F. Both plants and animals undergo photosynthesis
    False
  29. T or F. Extra glucose is stored as fat
    False
  30. T or F. Our body is able to convert lactic acid back I to pyruvic acid in the presence of oxygen
    True
  31. Stage of respiration which releases the most energy
    Hydrogen electron transport chain
  32. The breakdown of pyruvic acid that results in the release of CO2 and an ATP
    Krebs cycle
  33. Process that is involved in making pickles, cheese, and yogurt
    Lactic acid fermentation
  34. Process in which glucose is broken down into two pyruvic acids
    Glycolysis
  35. Organism responsible for alcoholic fermentation
    Yeast
  36. The absence of oxygen
    Anaerobic
  37. Stored chemical energy
    Glucose
  38. Where the hydrogen-electron transport chain occurs
    Cristae
  39. Builds up in muscle cells during exercise in the absence of oxygen
    Lactic acid
  40. Aids in the rising of bread dough
    Alcoholic fermentation
  41. Energy molecule
    ATP
  42. The presence of oxygen
    Aerobic
  43. A three step process that releases energy from glucose and converts it to ATP
    Respiration
  44. Which of the following is not an example of a heterotroph? A.animal B.plant. C. Bacteria. D.fungi
    B.plant
  45. ATP --> ADP +_________+ energy
    P Phosphate group
  46. A-p~p~p. A represents
    Adenosine
  47. A-p~p~p. P represents
    A phosphate group
  48. A-p~p~p. The ~ represents
    High energy bond
  49. A-p~p~p represents
    ATP
  50. What is need in order to make. A-p~p~p
    Energy and ATPase
  51. The ultimate source of energy for almost all living things is
    Sunlight
  52. Oxygen is a by-product of the:
    Photo phase
  53. Which of the following is not a required condition for photosynthesis?
    Sufficient oxygen
  54. T or F. More energy is needed to build an energy storing molecule than is actually stored in it
    True
  55. T or F. All organisms use cellular respiration to obtain energy
    True
  56. T or F. Energy is stored in the bonds between adenosine and the phosphate group
    False
  57. T or F. Photosynthesis occurs I. The mitochondria
    False
  58. T or F. Chlorophyll b, c, and d do not absorb light wavelength
    False
  59. T or F. All of PGA molecules formed in the dark reaction are used to make glucose
    False
  60. T or F. Water is split during the photo phase
    True
  61. T or F. The dark reaction occurs in the grana
    False
  62. T or F. The energy needed for the formation of ATP comes from the electron transport chain
    True
  63. T or F. Shorter wavelengths carry more energy than longer wavelengths
    True
  64. Ingredient of ATP
    ADP
  65. Organelle in which photosynthesis occurs
    Chloroplast
  66. The natural energy for photosynthesis
    Sunlight
  67. Light absorbing compounds
    Pigments
  68. Green-blue pigment responsible for photosynthesis
    Chloroplast A
  69. Flattened sacs of photosynthetic materials
    Thylakoid membranes
  70. An electron carrier molecule
    NADP+
  71. The splitting of a water molecule through the use of the sun's energy
    Photosynthesis
  72. Step of photosynthesis where sunlight is trapped, O2 is released, and ATP is formed
    Light reaction
  73. Enzyme that breaks the bond between the third and second phosphate group
    ATPase
  74. Protein rich solution surrounding the thylakoids membrane
    Stroma
  75. Step in photosynthesis where glucose is formed
    Dark reaction
  76. Gas released into the atmosphere during photosynthesis
    O2
  77. Enzyme that catalyzes the assembling of ATP
    ATP synthase
  78. To avoid cytolysis, freshwater unicellular plants have:
    Cell walls
  79. Which does not affect how fast diffusion will occur?
    Kinetic energy of the membrane
  80. Which does not require energy from the cell?
    Passive mediated diffusion
  81. If too much fertilizer is in the soil of your potted plant, your plant may die because of:
    Plasmolysis
  82. An amoeba eating a food molecule is an example of:
    Phagocytosis
  83. Which cell would contain the greatest amount of mitochondria?
    Muscle cells
  84. Which is a correct pathway of the production, transport, and secretion of a cellular protein?
    Ribosome-ER-Golgie Bodies-cell membrane
  85. Which is not true of a capsule? A. Shiny in appearance. B.vary in thicknesses. C.not found in animals D.slimy to touch
    C.not found in animals
  86. A stomach is an example of
    Organ
  87. The inner membrane folds of mitochondria are called:
    Cristae
  88. Which plastid is responsible for the color of leaves in the fall
    Chromoplast
  89. T or F. A cell is the smallest unit that can carry on all process of life
    True
  90. T or F. The cell of animals are prokaryotic
    False
  91. T or F. An organism may contain more than one type of cell
    True
  92. T or F. Organelles contribute to the division of labor in the cell
    True
  93. T or F. A cell membrane is secreted by the cell
    False
  94. T or F. A cell is a colonial organism, if separated, could carry on the process of any of the cells in the organism
    True
  95. T or F. The size of an organism is related to the size of it's cells
    False
  96. T or F. When a cell becomes too large, it either slows down production of substances, secretes the material, or divides
    True
  97. T or F. Cytoplasmic streaming occurs due to the movement of organelles by microtubules
    True
  98. T or F. Ribosomes are found in the cytoplasm matrix only attached to endoplasmic reticulum
    False
  99. T or F. ER originates from mitochondria
    False
  100. T or F. Flagellum moves like a series of oars
    False
  101. T or F. Being the control center of the cell, the nucleus has complete control over the cell and can program it to do anything
    False
  102. T or F. Each nucleus has only one nucleoli
    False
  103. boundry that surrounds a cell or cell part
    cellular membrane
  104. structures simular to human organs found within cells
    organelles
  105. the entire substance of cell
    protoplasm
  106. green pigment found in chloraplast
    chlorophyll
  107. the folded inner membrane of a mitochondria
    cristae
  108. the firmness of a cell due to amount of water pressent
    turgor pressure
  109. cellular eating
    phagocitosis
  110. the study of cells
    cytology
  111. cellular drinking
    pinocitosis
  112. the movement of organelles within the cell
    cytoplasmic streaming
  113. watery substance of cytoplasm
    cytoplasmic matrix
  114. release of waste by fusion with the cell membrane
    egestion
  115. said all animals were composed of cells
    Schwann
  116. set apart a nucleus as a specialized structure used in reproduction and cell division
    brown
  117. named cells after rooms in a monestary
    Hooke
  118. said all plant were composed of cells
    Schleiden
  119. first to use the term protoplasm
    perkinje
  120. stores pigments
    chloroplast
  121. aids in the locomotion of unicellular organisms
    flagellum
  122. aids in the movement of cromosomes during cell division
    microtubules
  123. forms ATP
    mitochondria
  124. helps in the synthesis of proteins
    ribosome
  125. coiles up to form DNA during cell division
    chromatin material
  126. semi solid fluid material with small granuals suspended in it
    cytoplasmic matrix
  127. control center of the cell
    nucleus
  128. protects the cell
    cell membrane
  129. sac containing digestive enzymes
    lysosome
  130. processes processes and secretes cellular substances
    golgi bodies
  131. contains chloriphyll
    chloroplast
  132. one or more of these may be found in the nucleus: composed of rRNA and proteins
    nucleolus
  133. the sump pump of the cell
    contractile vacuole
  134. responsible for turgor pressure in a plant cell
    central vacuole
  135. wip like structure that stiks out from the surface of the cell
    flagellum
  136. which of the following is not one of the hummors
    A.blood
    B.phlegm
    C.plasma
    D.yellow bile
    plasma
  137. who divised the doctrine of hummors
    plato
  138. which of the following would not be included in an experiment
    multiple variables
  139. who beleaved a sweaty shirt and some wheat could create mice
    van helmont
  140. which of the following is not a reason to do reserch before experimentation
    A.avoid mistakes
    B.avoid redoing test
    C.better understand material
    D.all of the above
    All of the above
  141. something that is not alive nor ever has been
    inorganic
  142. T or F. observation consists of using one of the five sences to proceive objects or events
    true
  143. T or F. just because an experiment can be repeated it dosent mean the result is correct
    true
  144. Each element is made up of only one type of:

    ion
    atom
    molecule
    mixture
    atom
  145. Atoms combine to form stable:

    energy levels
    isotopes
    ions
    protons
    energy levels
  146. Which of the following is not a mixture?

    solution
    suspension
    compound
    colloid
    compound
  147. Isotopes differ in the number of:
    neutrons
  148. In an ionic bond, electrons are:
    transferred
  149. If an atom has 3 protons, 4 neutrons, and 3 electrons, the net charge of the atom is:
    0
  150. The fundamental unit of matter is called;
    atom
  151. Which is not a heterogeneous mixture?

    solution
    suspension
    sol
    colloid
    solution
  152. The process of breaking chemical bonds or forming new bonds is called a:
    chemical reaction
  153. The substances that undergo chemical reactions are called:
    reactants
  154. When the pH of a solution is changed from 10 to 6
    base to acid
  155. A solution in which water is the solvent is called
    aqueous
  156. Medicine that needs to be shaken before administering would be called:
    suspension
  157. The place on an enzyme where the substrate bonds is called:
    the active site
  158. Which of the following is not a characteristic of an enzyme?

    reusable
    requires energy
    is a lipid
    can be affected by heat
    is a lipid
  159. T or F. The orbits of electrons can be called energy levels
    T
  160. T or F. Compounds are pure and cannot be broken down into simpler forms of matter
    F
  161. T or F. Colloids are mixtures in which particles settle out over time.
    F
  162. T or F. An atom that has lost electrons becomes a positive ion.
    t
  163. T or F. Covalent bonding occurs when one atom loses an electron to another to form 2 oppositely charged ions.
    f
  164. T or F. The pull of gravity on an object gives the object the property of mass.
    f
  165. T or F. The nucleus of an aton contains proton and electons.
    f
  166. T or F. The first energy level can hold up to 3 electrons.
    f
  167. T or F. The nucleus of an atom has an overall positive charge.
    t
  168. Molecule in which charges are unequally distributed.
    Polar molecule
  169. Chemical reaction that involves a net release of energy
    exothermic reaction
  170. Where most of the mass in an atom is found.
    nucleus
  171. Dirived from the number of protons
    atomic number
  172. Anything that occupies space and has mass.
    matter
  173. Attraction between molecules of different substances
    abhesion
  174. Chemical reaction that involves a net absorption of energy.
    endothermic reaction
  175. Attraction between molecules of the same substance.
    cohesion
  176. How much matter an object contains.
    mass
  177. The amount of energy for a chemical reaction to begin
    activation energy
  178. Solution that produces H + ions.
    acid
  179. Substance that dissolved in the solvent.
    solute
  180. Solution that produce OH ions.
    Base
  181. Substance in which the solute is dissolved.
    solvent
  182. A combination of 2 or more atoms to form a compound
    bond
  183. The polysaccharide that strengthens plant cell walls is:
    cellulose
  184. The ratio of hydrogen to oxygen atoms in a carbohydrate is:
    2:1
  185. The breakdown of a large molecule into smaller ones by the addition of water is called:
    hydrolyssis
  186. Which of the following molecules is a storage form of glucose in animals.
    glycogen
  187. Maltose and sucrose are examples of:
    disaccharides
  188. The number of fatty acids in a lipid molecule is;
    3
  189. Proteins are composed of chains of:
    amino acids
  190. A saturated fat is one that contains:
    The maximum amount of H atoms
  191. Oils are:
    found in plants
  192. The portion of an amino acid that makes it differnt from the other amino acids is:
    The "R" group
  193. Animals store their excess energy as;
    lipids
  194. T or F. Water is an organic compound
    f
  195. T or F. Isomers differ in molecular composition
    f
  196. T or F. The cell membrane is composed mostly of phospholipids.
    t
  197. T or F. DNA is a type of nucleic acid
    t
  198. T or F. Starch is a polysaccharide that provides roughage to our diet.
    f
  199. T or F. The base molecule in a lipid is glycerol
    t
  200. T or F. Each protein has its own sequence of amino acids
    t
  201. T or F. Peptide bonds are found in lipids
    f
  202. T or F. A gram of lipid contains more energy of a gram of carb.
    f
  203. 2 amino acids bonded together
    dipeptide
  204. Nucleic acid that stores information essential for almost all cellular activity.
    DNA
  205. Unit that makes up all protein molecules
    amino acid
  206. The basic unit found in all lipids
    glycerol
  207. Compounds which have an identical chemical formula, but differ in the arrangement of atoms.
    isomer
  208. Attracted to water
    hydrophilic
  209. Organic compound that is slightly soluable in water and used for energy storage
    lipid
  210. A chemical reaction that produces water as 2 molecules are put together.
    dehydration synthesis
  211. Simple sugar
    monosaccharide
  212. Glucose stored in plants
    starch
  213. Dirrived from living things and contains carbon
    Organic
  214. Stores and transfers information that is essential for the manufacturing of proteins.
    RNA
  215. Formula for photosynthesis
    6CO2 + 6H2O ==> C6H12O6 + 6O2.
  216. formular for cellular respiration
    C6H12O6 + 6O2 = 6H2O + 6CO2 + ENERGY

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