Card Set Information
biology final exam
Which is true about both photosynthesis and aerobic respiration?
They require enzymes
A reactant in glycolysis is:
Glycolysis is a step in:
Aerobic and anaerobic respiration
Which is produced in the aerobic breakdown of glucose?
Which is a reactant in photosynthesis?
In the presence of oxygen ____ molecules of ATP can be formed.
Where is the electron transport system located?
Glycolysis uses the energy from 2 ATP molecules, but forms ______ molecules of ATP
The Keene cycle is also know as the:
Citric acid cycle
Muscle burning and cramps during exercise is the result of __________ build up
T or F. Glycolysis occurs in the mitochondria
T or F. Both autotrophs and heterotrophs undergo respiration
T or F. The net gain of ATP molecules after glycolysis is 4 ATP
T or F. More energy is released in aerobic respiration than anaerobic respiration
T or F. The total amount of energy gained by through anaerobic respiration is 36 ATPs
T or F. Activation energy and enzymes are needed in order for respiration to occur
T or F. During prolonged exercise an organism may undergo anaerobic respiration
T or F. Heterotrophs use radiant energy in an indirect manner
T or F. Respiration is an endothermic reaction
T or F. The net flagon of ATP molecules in the electron transport system is 36 ATPs
T or F. The reactants of respiration are glucose and water
T or F. Lactic acid fermentation occurs in muscle cells
T or F. Alcoholic fermentation is used in the making of bread
T or F. Fermentation is 16 times more efficient than aerobic respiration
T or F. Most energy is released in the krebs cycle of aerobic respiration
T or F. All steps of aerobic respiration need oxygen
T or F. Plants undergo respiration
T or F. Both plants and animals undergo photosynthesis
T or F. Extra glucose is stored as fat
T or F. Our body is able to convert lactic acid back I to pyruvic acid in the presence of oxygen
Stage of respiration which releases the most energy
Hydrogen electron transport chain
The breakdown of pyruvic acid that results in the release of CO2 and an ATP
Process that is involved in making pickles, cheese, and yogurt
Lactic acid fermentation
Process in which glucose is broken down into two pyruvic acids
Organism responsible for alcoholic fermentation
The absence of oxygen
Stored chemical energy
Where the hydrogen-electron transport chain occurs
Builds up in muscle cells during exercise in the absence of oxygen
Aids in the rising of bread dough
The presence of oxygen
A three step process that releases energy from glucose and converts it to ATP
Which of the following is not an example of a heterotroph? A.animal B.plant. C. Bacteria. D.fungi
ATP --> ADP +_________+ energy
P Phosphate group
A-p~p~p. A represents
A-p~p~p. P represents
A phosphate group
A-p~p~p. The ~ represents
High energy bond
What is need in order to make. A-p~p~p
Energy and ATPase
The ultimate source of energy for almost all living things is
Oxygen is a by-product of the:
Which of the following is not a required condition for photosynthesis?
T or F. More energy is needed to build an energy storing molecule than is actually stored in it
T or F. All organisms use cellular respiration to obtain energy
T or F. Energy is stored in the bonds between adenosine and the phosphate group
T or F. Photosynthesis occurs I. The mitochondria
T or F. Chlorophyll b, c, and d do not absorb light wavelength
T or F. All of PGA molecules formed in the dark reaction are used to make glucose
T or F. Water is split during the photo phase
T or F. The dark reaction occurs in the grana
T or F. The energy needed for the formation of ATP comes from the electron transport chain
T or F. Shorter wavelengths carry more energy than longer wavelengths
Ingredient of ATP
Organelle in which photosynthesis occurs
The natural energy for photosynthesis
Light absorbing compounds
Green-blue pigment responsible for photosynthesis
Flattened sacs of photosynthetic materials
An electron carrier molecule
The splitting of a water molecule through the use of the sun's energy
Step of photosynthesis where sunlight is trapped, O2 is released, and ATP is formed
Enzyme that breaks the bond between the third and second phosphate group
Protein rich solution surrounding the thylakoids membrane
Step in photosynthesis where glucose is formed
Gas released into the atmosphere during photosynthesis
Enzyme that catalyzes the assembling of ATP
To avoid cytolysis, freshwater unicellular plants have:
Which does not affect how fast diffusion will occur?
Kinetic energy of the membrane
Which does not require energy from the cell?
Passive mediated diffusion
If too much fertilizer is in the soil of your potted plant, your plant may die because of:
An amoeba eating a food molecule is an example of:
Which cell would contain the greatest amount of mitochondria?
Which is a correct pathway of the production, transport, and secretion of a cellular protein?
Ribosome-ER-Golgie Bodies-cell membrane
Which is not true of a capsule? A. Shiny in appearance. B.vary in thicknesses. C.not found in animals D.slimy to touch
C.not found in animals
A stomach is an example of
The inner membrane folds of mitochondria are called:
Which plastid is responsible for the color of leaves in the fall
T or F. A cell is the smallest unit that can carry on all process of life
T or F. The cell of animals are prokaryotic
T or F. An organism may contain more than one type of cell
T or F. Organelles contribute to the division of labor in the cell
T or F. A cell membrane is secreted by the cell
T or F. A cell is a colonial organism, if separated, could carry on the process of any of the cells in the organism
T or F. The size of an organism is related to the size of it's cells
T or F. When a cell becomes too large, it either slows down production of substances, secretes the material, or divides
T or F. Cytoplasmic streaming occurs due to the movement of organelles by microtubules
T or F. Ribosomes are found in the cytoplasm matrix only attached to endoplasmic reticulum
T or F. ER originates from mitochondria
T or F. Flagellum moves like a series of oars
T or F. Being the control center of the cell, the nucleus has complete control over the cell and can program it to do anything
T or F. Each nucleus has only one nucleoli
boundry that surrounds a cell or cell part
structures simular to human organs found within cells
the entire substance of cell
green pigment found in chloraplast
the folded inner membrane of a mitochondria
the firmness of a cell due to amount of water pressent
the study of cells
the movement of organelles within the cell
watery substance of cytoplasm
release of waste by fusion with the cell membrane
said all animals were composed of cells
set apart a nucleus as a specialized structure used in reproduction and cell division
named cells after rooms in a monestary
said all plant were composed of cells
first to use the term protoplasm
aids in the locomotion of unicellular organisms
aids in the movement of cromosomes during cell division
helps in the synthesis of proteins
coiles up to form DNA during cell division
semi solid fluid material with small granuals suspended in it
control center of the cell
protects the cell
sac containing digestive enzymes
processes processes and secretes cellular substances
one or more of these may be found in the nucleus: composed of rRNA and proteins
the sump pump of the cell
responsible for turgor pressure in a plant cell
wip like structure that stiks out from the surface of the cell
which of the following is not one of the hummors
who divised the doctrine of hummors
which of the following would not be included in an experiment
who beleaved a sweaty shirt and some wheat could create mice
which of the following is not a reason to do reserch before experimentation
B.avoid redoing test
C.better understand material
D.all of the above
All of the above
something that is not alive nor ever has been
T or F. observation consists of using one of the five sences to proceive objects or events
T or F. just because an experiment can be repeated it dosent mean the result is correct
Each element is made up of only one type of:
Atoms combine to form stable:
Which of the following is not a mixture?
Isotopes differ in the number of:
In an ionic bond, electrons are:
If an atom has 3 protons, 4 neutrons, and 3 electrons, the net charge of the atom is:
The fundamental unit of matter is called;
Which is not a heterogeneous mixture?
The process of breaking chemical bonds or forming new bonds is called a:
The substances that undergo chemical reactions are called:
When the pH of a solution is changed from 10 to 6
base to acid
A solution in which water is the solvent is called
Medicine that needs to be shaken before administering would be called:
The place on an enzyme where the substrate bonds is called:
the active site
Which of the following is not a characteristic of an enzyme?
is a lipid
can be affected by heat
is a lipid
T or F. The orbits of electrons can be called energy levels
T or F. Compounds are pure and cannot be broken down into simpler forms of matter
T or F. Colloids are mixtures in which particles settle out over time.
T or F. An atom that has lost electrons becomes a positive ion.
T or F. Covalent bonding occurs when one atom loses an electron to another to form 2 oppositely charged ions.
T or F. The pull of gravity on an object gives the object the property of mass.
T or F. The nucleus of an aton contains proton and electons.
T or F. The first energy level can hold up to 3 electrons.
T or F. The nucleus of an atom has an overall positive charge.
Molecule in which charges are unequally distributed.
Chemical reaction that involves a net release of energy
Where most of the mass in an atom is found.
Dirived from the number of protons
Anything that occupies space and has mass.
Attraction between molecules of different substances
Chemical reaction that involves a net absorption of energy.
Attraction between molecules of the same substance.
How much matter an object contains.
The amount of energy for a chemical reaction to begin
Solution that produces H + ions.
Substance that dissolved in the solvent.
Solution that produce OH ions.
Substance in which the solute is dissolved.
A combination of 2 or more atoms to form a compound
The polysaccharide that strengthens plant cell walls is:
The ratio of hydrogen to oxygen atoms in a carbohydrate is:
The breakdown of a large molecule into smaller ones by the addition of water is called:
Which of the following molecules is a storage form of glucose in animals.
Maltose and sucrose are examples of:
The number of fatty acids in a lipid molecule is;
Proteins are composed of chains of:
A saturated fat is one that contains:
The maximum amount of H atoms
found in plants
The portion of an amino acid that makes it differnt from the other amino acids is:
The "R" group
Animals store their excess energy as;
T or F. Water is an organic compound
T or F. Isomers differ in molecular composition
T or F. The cell membrane is composed mostly of phospholipids.
T or F. DNA is a type of nucleic acid
T or F. Starch is a polysaccharide that provides roughage to our diet.
T or F. The base molecule in a lipid is glycerol
T or F. Each protein has its own sequence of amino acids
T or F. Peptide bonds are found in lipids
T or F. A gram of lipid contains more energy of a gram of carb.
2 amino acids bonded together
Nucleic acid that stores information essential for almost all cellular activity.
Unit that makes up all protein molecules
The basic unit found in all lipids
Compounds which have an identical chemical formula, but differ in the arrangement of atoms.
Attracted to water
Organic compound that is slightly soluable in water and used for energy storage
A chemical reaction that produces water as 2 molecules are put together.
Glucose stored in plants
Dirrived from living things and contains carbon
Stores and transfers information that is essential for the manufacturing of proteins.
Formula for photosynthesis
6CO2 + 6H2O ==> C6H12O6 + 6O2.
formular for cellular respiration
C6H12O6 + 6O2 = 6H2O + 6CO2 + ENERGY